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Decline

Alex J. Bellamy

in East Asia's Other Miracle: Explaining the Decline of Mass Atrocities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198777939
eISBN:
9780191823398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777939.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter demonstrates the significant decline in the incidence of genocide and mass atrocities in East Asia. It shows how, and why, the region’s most significant atrocities were brought to an end ... More


Massacres and Morality: Mass Atrocities in an Age of Civilian Immunity

Alex J. Bellamy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199288427
eISBN:
9780191745430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288427.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

Most cultural and legal codes agree that the intentional killing of civilians, whether in peacetime or war, is prohibited. This is the norm of civilian immunity, widely considered to be a fundamental ... More


Challenges and Controversies

Nicole Deller

in The Responsibility to Protect

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199797769
eISBN:
9780199919369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797769.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) demands that the international community does not stand by in the face of mass atrocities. From its initial conception, through its adoption in the 2005 World ... More


Datasets and Trends of Genocides, Mass Killings, and Other Civilian Atrocities

Charles H. Anderton, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer, Charles H. Anderton, and Jurgen Brauer

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter surveys fifteen large-sample datasets on genocides, mass killings, and lower-level intentional violence against civilians spanning the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Data trends ... More


Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Genocide has received extensive scholarly, policy, and practitioner attention. Missing is the contribution of economists to understand and prevent such atrocities. This book—the first of its ... More


Institutional Capacities of the United Nations to Prevent and Halt Atrocity Crimes

Ekkehard Strauss

in The Responsibility to Prevent: Overcoming the Challenges of Atrocity Prevention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717782
eISBN:
9780191787294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717782.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews the myriad of ways in which the four acts specified in the ‘Summit Outcome’ document have been responded to within the UN system, including principal UN organs, subsidiary ... More


State Consolidation

Alex J. Bellamy

in East Asia's Other Miracle: Explaining the Decline of Mass Atrocities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198777939
eISBN:
9780191823398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777939.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the role of the East Asian state in the decline of mass atrocities. It suggests that the decline of mass atrocities in East Asia was driven by two, sequential, processes. ... More


Asia and the Pacific

Noel M. Morada

in The Responsibility to Protect

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199797769
eISBN:
9780199919369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797769.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the context and dynamics of promoting responsibility to protect (RtoP) in the Asia Pacific, focusing on China and Southeast Asia and the role of the Association of Southeast ... More


Overcoming the Paradox of Conflict Prevention

Edward Newman and Eamon Aloyo

in Just Security in an Undergoverned World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198805373
eISBN:
9780191843440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805373.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Progress in conflict prevention depends upon a better understanding of the underlying circumstances that give rise to violent conflict and mass atrocities, and of the warning signs that a crisis is ... More


On the Economics of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Prevention

Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter introduces the edited book, Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Prevention, by highlighting key theoretical, empirical, case study, and policy perspectives on ... More


Self-Defense Against the State—Resistance Against Human Rights Violations

Jan Arno Hessbruegge

in Human Rights and Personal Self-Defense in International Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190655020
eISBN:
9780190655051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190655020.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

In exceptional circumstances, the right to personal self-defense also sharpens the human rights of individuals and peoples, allowing them to forcibly resist certain type of human rights violations ... More


The Responsibility to Protect

Jared Genser, Irwin Cotler, Desmond Tutu, and Vaclav Havel

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199797769
eISBN:
9780199919369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797769.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book provides an overview on how the “responsibility to protect,” (RtoP) a contemporary principle of international law, has developed and analyze how best to apply it to current and future ... More


The Responsibility to Protect: A Defense

Alex J. Bellamy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198704119
eISBN:
9780191773266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704119.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

As recent events in Syria, Darfur and elsewhere show only too well, genocide and mass atrocities is a recurrent problem in world affairs. Despite repeated pleas of ‘never again’, the international ... More


Habits of Multilateralism

Alex J. Bellamy

in East Asia's Other Miracle: Explaining the Decline of Mass Atrocities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198777939
eISBN:
9780191823398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777939.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter shows how regional multilateralism contributed to the decline in mass atrocities. It proceeds in three main parts. First, it charts the rise of East Asian multilateralism and shows how ... More


Latin America and the Caribbean

Gilberto Marcos and Antonio Rodrigues

in The Responsibility to Protect

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199797769
eISBN:
9780199919369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797769.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) views of the responsibility to protect (RtoP). The LAC region currently experiences a situation of relative peace when compared to other ... More


Balancing Humanitarian Priorities

Alex J. Bellamy

in The Responsibility to Protect: A Defense

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198704119
eISBN:
9780191773266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704119.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Noting that humanitarian organizations are often on the ground when mass atrocities strike, this chapter examines the dilemmas they confront in trying to balance humanitarian principles with R2P ... More


Can International Law Stop Genocide When Our Moral Intuitions Fail Us?

Paul Slovic and David Zionts

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195371895
eISBN:
9780199979127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In Chapter 5, psychologist Paul Slovic and legal scholar David Zionts discuss psychological constraints that impede individuals' ability to respond to the plight of large numbers of people. As a ... More


Cataclysms

Alex J. Bellamy

in East Asia's Other Miracle: Explaining the Decline of Mass Atrocities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198777939
eISBN:
9780191823398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777939.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes and explains the widespread practices of mass killing and persecution that characterized many parts of the region in the decades following the Second World War. During these ... More


Libya and the Prevention of Atrocity Crimes: A ‘Controversial Success’

Ruben Reike

in The Responsibility to Prevent: Overcoming the Challenges of Atrocity Prevention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717782
eISBN:
9780191787294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717782.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses the international prevention efforts in the 2011 Libya crisis. It identifies four key lessons. First, the Libya case once more exposes the world’s limited capacity to ... More


The Rise of the Responsibility to Protect

Luke Glanville

in Sovereignty and the Responsibility to Protect: A New History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226076898
eISBN:
9780226077086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226077086.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the emergence since the end of the Cold War of the principle that sovereignty entails a responsibility to protect populations from mass atrocities in the light of the historical ... More


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