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Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century

Mark Sedgwick

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195152975
eISBN:
9780199835225
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152972.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Explores the history and doctrines of Traditionalism, a movement established by Ren” Gu”non in the 1920s, and later developed further by Julius Evola (in politics), Frithjof Schuon (in religion), and ... More


“Devices of the Devil”: The Book of Mormon as Cultural Product or Sacred Fiction

Terryl L. Givens

in By the Hand of Mormon: The American Scripture that Launched a New World Religion

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138184
eISBN:
9780199834211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513818X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Critics and cultural historians have proposed a variety of explanations for the Book of Mormon's origin. Outright fabrication, automatic writing, and plagiarism of either Solomon Spaulding or Ethan ... More


Cairo, Mostaganem, and Basel

Mark Sedgwick

in Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195152975
eISBN:
9780199835225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152972.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter covers Gu”non’s biography from a series of disasters in 1927–28 that led to his emigration to Egypt in 1930 until the start of the Second World War. It examines Gu”non’s life in Egypt ... More


Fragmentation

Mark Sedgwick

in Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195152975
eISBN:
9780199835225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152972.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter returns to Gu”non’s biography, covering the period from the Second World War until Gu”non’s death in 1951. It introduces Martin Lings and Henri Hartung, and includes the split between ... More


Cabala, the Freemasons, and the Trials of Brother F. K.

June O. Leavitt

in The Mystical Life of Franz Kafka: Theosophy, Cabala, and the Modern Spiritual Revival

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827831
eISBN:
9780199919444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827831.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Ever since Martin Buber and Gershom Scholem argued that the worldview of The Trial was cabalistic, many Jewish scholars have tried to expand upon their theories. In contrast to the prevailing trend, ... More


. Japanese Architecture after Nōbi

Gregory Clancey

in Earthquake Nation: The Cultural Politics of Japanese Seismicity, 1868-1930

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246072
eISBN:
9780520932296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246072.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

The collapse of masonry buildings in Nagoya and Osaka in 1891 was a crisis for the Japanese architectural profession. The first response of Japanese architects was to attempt to make European ... More


Negotiating Death and Afterlife in Nauvoo

Samuel Morris Brown

in In Heaven as It Is on Earth: Joseph Smith and the Early Mormon Conquest of Death

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199793570
eISBN:
9780199932511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793570.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter considers the Nauvoo temple cultus, demonstrating its development out of the Kirtland Temple cultus and Smith's “translation” of Masonry. Through this temple liturgy, Mormons saw ... More


Late Ottoman Occupation (Eighteenth Century)

Charles Le Quesne

in Quseir: An Ottoman and Napoleonic Fortress on the Red Sea Coast of Egypt

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774160097
eISBN:
9781936190027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774160097.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

While the primary architecture of Quseir Fort, particularly the defenses, is very distinctive, it is much harder to recognize subsequent changes until the Napoleonic period. The evidence from the ... More


Woman's Identity I: Sacred and Profane: The Three Ladies and Papagena

Kristi Brown-Montesano

in Understanding the Women of Mozart's Operas

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248021
eISBN:
9780520932968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248021.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Between the two representations of womanhood in the Queen of the Night, one can find the Three Ladies. Inseparable, they occupy a middle ground that does not always conflict with the Kingdom of ... More


“Built Mostly of Itself”: Chicago and Clay, 1874–1891

Thomas Leslie

in Chicago Skyscrapers, 1871-1934

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037542
eISBN:
9780252094798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037542.003.0002
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

This chapter describes major structures built from 1874–1891, which were dominated by taller masonry buildings that employed improved masonry, foundations, and fireproofing. Early fire-protected ... More


Steel and Wind: The Braced Frame, 1890–1897

Thomas Leslie

in Chicago Skyscrapers, 1871-1934

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037542
eISBN:
9780252094798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037542.003.0004
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

This chapter describes major structures built from 1890 to 1897, many of which featured wind-braced frames that used steel to reduce spatially inefficient masonry walls and piers. Before the late ... More


The Use of the Scottish National Dictionaries in the Study of Traditional Construction

Bruce Walker

in Perspectives on the Older Scottish Tongue

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622818
eISBN:
9780748653362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622818.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Previous studies of aspects of building construction using national dictionaries have shown that traditional forms of building construction using turf and earth have a much wider range of terms than ... More


Benjamin Franklin’s American Enlightenment

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The image of the self-made man is one of the most enduring images of the ideal American, and no one gave this greater expression than did Benjamin Franklin. Franklin’s Autobiography is a testimony to ... More


[Page 40] Chapter III.

Solomon Northup

in Twelve Years a Slave: Narrative of Solomon Northup, a Citizen of New-York, Kidnapped in Washington City in 1841, and Rescued in 1853

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807869437
eISBN:
9781469602806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869444_northup.6
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the room in which the author was confined. It was about twelve feet square—the walls of solid masonry. The floor was of heavy plank. There was one small window, crossed with ... More


Dating City Walls

Rune Frederiksen

in Greek City Walls of the Archaic Period, 900–480 BC

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199578122
eISBN:
9780191808289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199578122.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the process and challenges of dating city walls. Even in the presence of extensive academic research regarding Greek city walls, there are still numerous undated walls that ... More


Prologue: Old World Contours: Revolutionary Politics and the Secret Society Tradition

Mark A. Lause

in A Secret Society History of the Civil War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036552
eISBN:
9780252093593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036552.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This prologue discusses the proliferation of revolutionaries and revolutionary secret societies in America in the wake of the revolts of 1848–49. Americans initially shared with Europe the mechanisms ... More


A Cost Analysis of the Republican Circuit Walls

Seth Bernard

in Building Mid-Republican Rome: Labor, Architecture, and the Urban Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190878788
eISBN:
9780190878818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878788.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter analyzes the social and economic effects of the single largest construction project of pre-Imperial Rome, the circuit of walls built in the first half of the fourth century BCE. I employ ... More


Technological Change in Roman Stonemasonry before Concrete

Seth Bernard

in Building Mid-Republican Rome: Labor, Architecture, and the Urban Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190878788
eISBN:
9780190878818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878788.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The neglected topic of Mid-Republican building technology prior to the advent of concrete in the mid-second century is treated here. A close reading of Vitruvius’ De Architectura in combination with ... More


The Archaeology of Roman Retail Outlets: The Structure and Shape of Shops and Bars

Steven J. R. Ellis

in The Roman Retail Revolution: The Socio-Economic World of the Taberna

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198769934
eISBN:
9780191822711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769934.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the ways in which shops and, especially, food and drink outlets have been identified on Roman archaeological sites. It then provides a detailed account of ... More


The Second Retail Revolution: The Rise of Retail Specialization (from Shops to Bars)

Steven J. R. Ellis

in The Roman Retail Revolution: The Socio-Economic World of the Taberna

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198769934
eISBN:
9780191822711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769934.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter details the causes behind the second retail revolution of the early Imperial period. It was at this time that we see a rise (once again) in the number of Roman tabernae, as well as a ... More


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