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Enlightenment

Ritchie Robertson

in The ‘Jewish Question’ in German Literature 1749–1939: Emancipation and its Discontents

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199248889
eISBN:
9780191697784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248889.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines the link between Jewish emancipation and the Enlightenment, exploring the difficulties of adapting Judaism to the secular world without sacrificing its distinctive character. ... More


Haskalah and History: The Emergence of a Modern Jewish Historical Consciousness

Shmuel Feiner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774433
eISBN:
9781800340138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774433.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book recreates the historical consciousness that fired the Haskalah — the Jewish Enlightenment movement. The proponents of this movement advocated that Jews should capture the spirit of the ... More


Haskalah and Government Policy towards Hasidism

Marcin Wodziński

in Hasidism and Politics: The Kingdom of Poland, 1815-1864

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113737
eISBN:
9781800341012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113737.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyzes the influence of the Haskalah on government policy towards hasidim, and the political involvement of Hasidism and adherents of the Haskalah alike. It focuses on Polish maskilim, ... More


Towards a Historical Definition of the Haskalah

Shmuel Feiner

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies the long historiographic tradition in search of a definition of the Haskalah. It suggests reducing the historical parameters of the Jewish Enlightenment so that it can be ... More


Eros and Enlightenment: Love Against Marriage in the East European Jewish Enlightenment

David Biale

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter details how the nascent Eastern European Jewish Enlightenment or Haskalah turned its sights on the Jewish family as part and parcel of its attack on the medieval practices of the Jews. ... More


Raphael Mahler. Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment. Translated from the Yiddish by Eugene Orenstein, translated from the Hebrew by Aaron Klein and Jenny Machlowitz Klein. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America. 1985. Pp. xiv, 331.

Ada Rapoport-Albert

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0036
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter reflects on Raphael Mahler's Hasidism and the Jewish Enlightenment (1985). This is a welcome addition to the slowly growing body of classic studies of Hasidism in English translation. ... More


The Return of the Ḥeder among Russian Jewish Education Experts, 1840–1917

Brian Horowitz

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 30: Jewish Education in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764500
eISBN:
9781800343429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764500.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter recounts restrictions on Jewish students and changes within the Jewish community that led to a new evaluation of the heder in the late tsarist period. It investigates decreased access to ... More


Maimon's Medieval Desire: The Hesheq Shelomo

in The Radical Enlightenment of Solomon Maimon: Judaism, Heresy, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804751360
eISBN:
9780804767682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804751360.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Drawing on his unpublished Hebrew manuscript, Hesheq Shelomo, this chapter examines Solomon Maimon's philosophy in the context of his concept of philosophical and theological perfectionism. It also ... More


Literary Afterlife

in The Radical Enlightenment of Solomon Maimon: Judaism, Heresy, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804751360
eISBN:
9780804767682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804751360.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

As a writer and philosopher, Solomon Maimon acknowledged that his work was not as graceful as Moses Mendelssohn's mellifluous German prose or as architectonically grandiose as Immanuel Kant's ... More


Naphtali Herz Wessely and the Cultural Dislocations of an Eighteenth-Century Maskil

Edward Breuer

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on Naphtali Herz Wessely, who was best known for his book Divrei shalom ve'emet (Words of Peace and Truth). Regarded as the formative text of the Haskalah, this book was a ... More


Enlightenment Values, Jewish Ethics: The Haskalah’s Transformation of the Traditional Musar Genre

Harris Bor

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines Haskalah ethical literature and Jewish ethical writing (musar), and highlights how the Haskalah movement was poised between Jewish tradition and European culture. It shows that ... More


Strategy and Ruse in the Haskalah of Mendel Lefin of Satanow

Nancy Sinkoff

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on Menahem Mendel Lefin of Satanow, a fascinating maskil, who was a link between the German and the east European Haskalah. Because he often wrote in Yiddish, he has usually been ... More


The Struggle of the Mitnagedim and Maskilim against Hasidism: Rabbi Jacob Emden and Judah Leib Mieses

Yehuda Friedlander

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the struggle of the mitnagedim and the maskilim against hasidism. With its insularity, mysticism, and cult of the tsadik or spiritual leader, hasidism was seen by the maskilim ... More


Magic and Miracle-Workers in the Literature of the Haskalah

Immanuel Etkes

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter evaluates the widespread assumption that the maskilim opposed all forms of superstition, including magic and miracle-working, because they viewed it as a hallmark of hasidism and the ... More


Portrait of the Maskil as a Young Man

Shmuel Werses

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter addresses how the intellectual passage from the culture of Torah scholars to the new world of the Haskalah was one of the fundamental experiences of the maskil. It reconstructs the ... More


Reality and its Refraction in Descriptions of Women in Haskalah Fiction

Tova Cohen

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyses the depiction of women in nineteenth-century Haskalah literature, demonstrating just how gender-specific this was. Haskalah literature was written by men for a male audience, ... More


Enlightened Rabbis as Reformers in Russian Jewish Society

Joseph Salmon

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on the rabbis in Russia in the 1860s and 1870s who, with a measure of enlightenment, aspired to reform Jewish society. In this period, the gap between maskilim and traditional ... More


The Imprint of Haskalah Literature on the Historiography of Hasidism

Israel Bartal

in Hasidism Reappraised

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774204
eISBN:
9781800340787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774204.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter addresses the imprint of Haskalah literature on the historiography of hasidism. Haskalah literature and the historiography of hasidism have always been interrelated. The maskilim and ... More


Jewish Religious Life from the Mid-Eighteenth Century to 1914

Antony Polonsky

in Jews in Poland and Russia: 1881-1914 v. 2

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113836
eISBN:
9781800341067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113836.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores how most of the Jews of the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth remained observant in the traditional sense throughout the nineteenth century. This period saw important ... More


Introduction

Marcin Wodziński

in Haskalah and Hasidism in the Kingdom of Poland: A History of Conflict

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113089
eISBN:
9781800341029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113089.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the conflict between representatives of the Jewish Enlightenment (the Haskalah) and its rival hasidic movement, which has been seen in the historical ... More


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