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Gender Equality in the Labour Market

Janet C. Gornick

in Gender and Welfare State Regimes

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294160
eISBN:
9780191600142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294166.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The topic of this chapter is women's access to paid work and its impact on their economic resources compared to men in general and within the family. It presents a cross‐national portrait of gender ... More


Marital Status as a Category of Difference: Singlewomen and Widows

Amy M. Froide

in Never Married: Singlewomen in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199270606
eISBN:
9780191710216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270606.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter examines how marital status differentiated the lives of women in early modern England. It posits a clear distinction between the experiences of ever-married women (e.g., wives and ... More


The Social Meaning of Money: “Special Monies”

Viviana A. Zelizer

in Economic Lives: How Culture Shapes the Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139364
eISBN:
9781400836253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139364.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter argues that the utilitarian approach to money is a theoretical and empirical straitjacket. Money belongs to the market, but not exclusively so. And while money is indeed an objective ... More


Sex-Based Discrimination Trends in Japan, 1965–2005 *: The Gender Wage Gap and the Marriage Bar

Kunihiro Kimura

in Discrimination in an Unequal World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199732166
eISBN:
9780199866144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732166.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes sex-based discrimination trends in Japan and proposes hypotheses that might explain these trends. Section 2 briefly describes the official statistics that provide the source of ... More


Changes in the Labor Supply Behavior of Married Women: 1980–2000

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter investigates married women's labour supply behaviour from 1980 to 2000. In the 1980s, their labour supply function for annual hours shifted sharply to the right, with little shift in the ... More


Wives: The Quest for Civil Independence

William Cornish

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XIII: 1820–1914 Fields of Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239757
eISBN:
9780191705151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239757.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter shows that in parallel with the demand for judicial divorce came a campaign for married women to be entitled to their separate earnings and other assets, just as much as if they were ... More


Wealth and Gender in Ontario: 1870–1930

Livio Di Matteo

in Men, Women, and Money: Perspectives on Gender, Wealth, and Investment 1850-1930

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199593767
eISBN:
9780191728815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593767.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter examines wealth-holding in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Ontario focusing on two regions: the frontier district of Thunder Bay and the more settled Wentworth County. Using ... More


The Debate

Martin Pugh

in The March of the Women: A Revisionist Analysis of the Campaign for Women's Suffrage, 1866-1914

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250226
eISBN:
9780191697890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250226.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines suffragist tactics and methods by emphasizing the initial difficulties involved in pushing the issue to the fore even within the context of the women's movement itself. Early ... More


Childbed Attendants

David Cressy

in Birth, Marriage, and Death: Ritual, Religion, and the Life-Cycle in Tudor and Stuart England

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201687
eISBN:
9780191674983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201687.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the witness and assistants who were normally present during childbirth in Tudor and Stuart England. Childbirth was an exclusively women's affair and during this time the marital ... More


‘Toil in the factory, toil in the home’: Working Mothers

Emma Griffin

in Bread Winner: An Intimate History of the Victorian Economy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780300230062
eISBN:
9780300252095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300230062.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter takes a look at the kind of options which were available to married women without a reliable breadwinner for support, and how they were able to navigate their way through these options. ... More


Married women’s right to pay taxes: debates on gender, economic citizenship and tax law reform in Denmark, 1945–83

Anna-Birte Ravn

in Gender equality and welfare politics in Scandinavia: The limits of political ambition?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424655
eISBN:
9781447302407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424655.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter describes the factors contributing to preserving the gendered tax-law system, and the factors finally leading to change. It then follows parliamentary debates and reports from official ... More


Conclusion: defining the nation differently

Elleke Boehmer

in Stories of Women: Gender and Narrative in the Postcolonial Nation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719068782
eISBN:
9781781701898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719068782.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In some notable instances, women writers work to transform the male lineaments of the post-colonial nation. In others, they attempt merely to decipher and to modify its structures of privilege. ... More


The Return to Work and Women’s Employment Decisions

Nicole Maestas

in Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226532509
eISBN:
9780226532646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532646.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

It is well documented that individuals in couples tend to retire around the same time. But because women tend to marry older men, this means many married women retire at younger ages than their ... More


No Children despite Running the Gauntlet of Choice

Nancy Rosenberger

in Dilemmas of Adulthood: Japanese Women and the Nuances of Long-Term Resistance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836962
eISBN:
9780824870898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836962.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how married women without children have braved the challenge of choice and decided to marry. Drawing on interviews with eight women who had married but remained childless in ... More


Calvary to resurrection: Summer 1874–82

Maureen Wright

in Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy and the Victorian Feminist Movement: The Biography of an Insurgent Woman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081095
eISBN:
9781781700037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081095.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter presents a narrative set within the context of Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy's work as honorary secretary of the Married Women's Property Committee (MWPC). Elizabeth worked hard to shield ... More


Colonial Sisters and their Wealth: The Wealth Holdings of Women in South Australia, 1875–1915

Martin Shanahan

in Men, Women, and Money: Perspectives on Gender, Wealth, and Investment 1850-1930

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199593767
eISBN:
9780191728815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593767.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter examines patterns of wealth-holding in South Australia between 1875 and 1915, focusing on gender differences in the composition and size of estates. Legal changes relating to women's ... More


The ‘parliamentary watchdog’: 1868–Spring 1874

Maureen Wright

in Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy and the Victorian Feminist Movement: The Biography of an Insurgent Woman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081095
eISBN:
9781781700037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081095.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

The years between 1868 and 1874 were among the most demanding when considering Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy's lifelong commitment to feminism. She took a leading role in securing for married women the ... More


Returning to the Labor Force

in Gendered Trajectories: Women, Work, and Social Change in Japan and Taiwan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760096
eISBN:
9780804771047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760096.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses married women's decisions to return to the workforce. It begins by analyzing the timing of women's reentry into the labor market. This analysis reveals how the differing levels ... More


Married women and property

Deborah Wilson

in Women, Marriage and Property in Wealthy Landed Families in Ireland, 1750-1850

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719077982
eISBN:
9781781703328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719077982.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter discusses the role of married woman in the family property distribution and formal–informal powers available to elite woman. Under the English common law doctrine of coverture the legal ... More


Gendered Offices: A Comparative-Iistorical Examination of Clerical Work in Japan and the United States

Mary C. Brinton

in The Political Economy of Japan's Low Fertility

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754866
eISBN:
9780804768207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754866.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the clerical sector in the United States and Japan. It first outlines the historically transformative role of the clerical sector in increasing American female labor force ... More


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