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Removing Barriers to Trade: Empirical Evidence

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market: Standards, Regulation, and Governance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244058
eISBN:
9780191599132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244057.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the costs of market fragmentation in Europe. It reviews the economic impact of removing barriers to trade as a result of divergent national standards, testing, and certification ... More


Transport Services

Christopher Findlay

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Lower transport costs are associated with integration of markets within an economy and of those domestic markets with the rest of the world. These linkages support economic development. Determinants ... More


Which Level of Protection?—The Scope of the Prohibition of Restriction: Equal Treatment and Market Access

Steffen Hindelang

in The Free Movement of Capital and Foreign Direct Investment: The Scope of Protection in EU Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199572656
eISBN:
9780191705540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572656.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter maps the scope of the ‘prohibition of restriction’ enshrined in Article 56 (1) EC — falling into two tests, the non-hindrance and the non-discrimination tests — in both intra-Community ... More


Foundations: The Purpose of Subsidy Control

Luca Rubini

in The Definition of Subsidy and State Aid: WTO and EC Law in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199533398
eISBN:
9780191714740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533398.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This chapter addresses two foundational questions which have an important impact on the more confined topic of the definition of subsidy. Why do we, and should we, control subsidies? If so, how do we ... More


Domestic Regulations and the GATS

Panagiotis Delimatsis

in International Trade in Services and Domestic Regulations: Necessity, Transparency, and Regulatory Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533152
eISBN:
9780191714528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533152.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter untangles the issue of regulatory diversity in services trade. After a review of the rationales behind governmental intervention, it provides a thorough analysis of the GATS provisions ... More


WTO Rules for Agricultural Trade: GATT 1947 and the URAA

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 begins by accounting for the roots of agricultural exceptionalism in the GATT, and shows how it was spelt out in GATT trade rules. The remainder of the chapter examines the specific ... More


Institutions, state capacity, and poverty

Paul Mosley

in The Politics of Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692125
eISBN:
9780191739286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692125.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter asks what kind of institutions will be pro-poor, focusing on the ability of those institutions to deliver access to key markets and services – especially labour, capital, and ... More


MFN and the Third-party Economic Interests of Developing Countries in GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement

Chad P Bown

in Developing Countries in the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195383614
eISBN:
9780199855445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383614.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on the indirect or “third-party” interest of developing countries in WTO trade disputes over market access. It then documents the various economic reasons why a country may have ... More


The Emerging Principles of International Competition Law

Chris Noonan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199207527
eISBN:
9780191708817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207527.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Competition Law

International competition law has grown in importance as national economies have become more integrated, at the same time as national competition laws have proliferated and enforcement efforts have ... More


The Positive Scope of Free Movement Law: Non-Discriminatory Restrictions

Niamh Nic Shuibhne

in The Coherence of EU Free Movement Law: Constitutional Responsibility and the Court of Justice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199592951
eISBN:
9780191767098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592951.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines why and the extent to which non-discriminatory measures have the potential to infringe EU free movement rights. It argues that free movement rights can be reconceptualised ... More


Motives

John Child, David Faulkner, and Stephen B. Tallman

in Cooperative Strategy: Managing Alliances, Networks, and Joint Ventures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199266241
eISBN:
9780191699139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266241.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Organization Studies

Before the endeavours that involve working together are undertaken, various aspects of cooperation have to be considered. This chapter looks into the possible motives for establishing alliances, how ... More


An Analysis of the Potential Impact of the Current WTO Agricultural Negotiations on Government Strategies in the SADC Region

James Hodge and Andrew Charman

in Food Security: Indicators, Measurement, and the Impact of Trade Openness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199236558
eISBN:
9780191717031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter aims to help identify how the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) could potentially constrain government action to achieve food security in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). ... More


A Political Economy Theory of International Trade Agreements

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

in Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a theory of the domestic political conditions that lead countries to enter into formal trade agreements. More specifically, it attempts to explain the establishment of ... More


State Contingencies

Petros C. Mavroidis

in Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on continent protection instruments in the GATT. It begins with a brief introduction to all contingent protection instruments. It then discusses national security, balance of ... More


The Concept of an Obstacle to Intra-EU Capital Movement in EU Law

Thomas Horsley

in From Single Market to Economic Union: Essays in Memory of John A. Usher

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695706
eISBN:
9780191741302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695706.003.0009
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter surveys the Court of Justice's approach to defining what constitutes an obstacle to intra-EU capital movement. As is true across the Treaty provisions on intra-EU movement, the scope ... More


International Trade in Media Goods and Services

Perry Keller

in European and International Media Law: Liberal Democracy, Trade, and the New Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198268550
eISBN:
9780191728518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268550.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Chapter Five examines trade in media goods and services under the GATT and GATS treaties. It looks at their primary non-discrimination obligations in relation to their general and security ... More


From Market Access to Cumulative Innovation

Adrian Kuenzler

in Restoring Consumer Sovereignty: How Markets Manipulate Us and What the Law Can Do About It

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190698577
eISBN:
9780190698607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190698577.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter argues for a reinvigorated role of the market access doctrine and references a number of important antitrust and intellectual property law decisions in which courts have given priority ... More


The Challenge of Regulatory Cosmopolitanism

Roger Brownsword

in Rights, Regulation, and the Technological Revolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199276806
eISBN:
9780191707605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276806.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter completes the discussion of the regulatory challenges presented by modern technologies by considering some particular puzzles for regulatory cosmopolitanism. The first test case focuses ... More


Mexican Tuna-dolphin

Dale D. Murphy

in The Structure of Regulatory Competition: Corporations and Public Policies in a Global Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216512
eISBN:
9780191696008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216512.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The US-Mexican dispute over tuna-dolphin is a well known but poorly understood case of heterogeneity. It served as a focal point for trade-and-the-environment disputes within the GATT/WTO system. ... More


Protection, Subsidies, and Agricultural Trade

Tim Josling

in Handbook of Trade Policy for Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680405
eISBN:
9780191760266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Tim Josling explores how market access, export competition, domestic support, and health and safety regulations affect world agricultural trade. These policies distort world markets for agricultural ... More


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