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Introduction

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter provides essential background for the analyses developed in the subsequent chapters of the book. The first section defines the scope of the book, introducing the types of ... More


Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Bernhard Wälchli

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book presents a typological survey and analysis of co-compounds (also known as dvandva, coordinating compounds, and pair words). Co-compounds are compounds whose meaning is the result of ... More


The Voice Continuum

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Some constructions are claimed to be universal, including the passive and the inverse voice constructions. In fact, the syntactic properties used to define passive and inverse constructions, and ... More


The Marking Patterns of Natural Coordination

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter describes how natural coordination is expressed in co-compounds and phrase-like tight coordination. Different types of markedness are discussed, including formal, distinctive, ... More


Some Considerations about the Diachronic Evolution of Co-compounds

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter investigates the diachronic evolution of co-compounds as formal patterns and lexical classes. It is argued that in grammaticalization studies, it is important to distinguish between the ... More


The Roots of Language Contact

CAROL MYERS-SCOTTON

in Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299530
eISBN:
9780191708107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter focuses on social factors promoting bilingualism, and ultimately, language contact phenomena. The costs and rewards of bilingualism (e.g., language as political capital and ... More


Degraded Acceptability and Markedness in Syntax, and the Stochastic Interpretation of Optimality Theory

RALF VOGEL

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows that violation profiles can be employed to predict contrasts among expressions in empirical investigations, and that markedness is the grammar-internal correlate of (some) ... More


More on Form Minimization

John A. Hawkins

in Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199252695
eISBN:
9780191719301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.003.004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The previous chapter defined the principle of Minimize Forms and formulated some form minimization predictions. This chapter is organized as follows. Section 4.1 illustrates and tests these ... More


Copulas in Current Research

REGINA PUSTET

in Copulas: Universals in the Categorization of the Lexicon

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258505
eISBN:
9780191717727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258505.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This book discusses copulas and their function, their morphosyntactic properties, their syntagmatic properties such as their compatibility with different parts of speech, their historical origin, and ... More


Synopsis

REGINA PUSTET

in Copulas: Universals in the Categorization of the Lexicon

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258505
eISBN:
9780191717727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258505.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

The point of departure for this book on copularization had been the discovery of a prospective language universal, that is the scale NOMINALS > ADJECTIVALS > VERBALS, which translates the existing ... More


Markedness Theory versus Phonological Idiosyncrasies in a Realistic Model of Language

Andrea Calabrese

in Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182706
eISBN:
9780262255325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182706.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter describes an architecture for phonological theory that reconciles the “conventional” and “natural” aspects of phonology by combining a substantive notion of markedness. The goal is to ... More


A Minimalist Program for Phonology

Bridget D. Samuels

in Phonological Architecture: A Biolinguistic Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694358
eISBN:
9780191731891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694358.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

‘A Minimalist Program for Phonology’ defines the computational system commonly known as phonology, and establishes methodology. It provides an introduction to linguistic minimalism and discusses the ... More


The Evolution of a Morphome in Catalan Verb Inflection 1

Max W. Wheeler

in Morphological Autonomy: Perspectives From Romance Inflectional Morphology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589982
eISBN:
9780191728884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589982.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

Catalan verb morphology displays a curious and complex morphome that is not morpho‐syntactically motivated. The set of categories represented consists of (a) and (b): (a) 1st singular present ... More


Skewed frequencies as a design feature of language

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

A language must be learnable by new generations of speakers. Contributing to the learnability of language and its semantic and syntactic categories are the skewed frequencies of its elements. ... More


The structure of the basic unit

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume III: Phonology-Syntax Analogies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608331
eISBN:
9780191732119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608331.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

Words and segments are both categorized in terms of unary features, divided into primary features, determining the basic distribution, and secondary features, substantively appropriate to the primary ... More


The Semantics of Evaluativity

Jessica Rett

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199602476
eISBN:
9780191779756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602476.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The simplest form in which gradable adjectives are used—positive constructions, like John is tall—carry an additional semantic component, evaluativity, that is not part of the adjective’s lexicalized ... More


Linguistic Gender and its expression

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

Many languages of the world have a gender system in their grammar. There are two genders in French, three in German, four in Dyirbal (from North Queensland), more elsewhere. We seldom find an exact ... More


Manly women and womanly men: the effects of gender reversal

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in How Gender Shapes the World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723752
eISBN:
9780191791093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter explores the options of using the opposite Linguistic Gender in a variety of languages. Changes in Linguistic Gender assignment to humans may reflect role reversals in traditional ... More


Lexical Irregularity and the Typology of Contrast

René Kager

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter focuses on the proper balance between lexicon and grammar by discussing lexical phonological irregularity and its implications for the lexicon–grammar interface based on three domains: ... More


Derived Environment Effects in Colloquial Helsinki Finnish

Arto Anttila

in The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262083799
eISBN:
9780262274890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083799.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

One of the longstanding puzzles in generative phonology is the so-called Nonderived Environment Blocking (NDEB), proposed by Paul Kiparsky. Based on NDEB, some phonological rules apply only in ... More


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