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Ecological consequences of declining biodiversity: a biodiversity–ecosystem function (BEF) framework for marine systems

Shahid Naeem

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the significance of marine biodiversity in relation to marine ecosystem functioning. It proposes a biodiversity-ecosystem function (BEF) framework for marine systems and how it ... More


The Impact of Marine Invasive Species on Endangered Species Protection Efforts in a Changing Ocean Environment

Eric V. Hull

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was enacted to promote the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and to preserve their critical habitats. Invasive species continue to ... More


The Endangered Species Act and Marine Species Protection in the Climate Change Era

Alexis K. Segal

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

As mounting impacts from climate change strain our remaining fragile marine species and ecosystems, the Endangered Species Act (ESA) has emerged as a primary regulatory vehicle to enhance protection ... More


Confronting the Marine Invasive Species Threat: Practical and Legal Challenges

Stephanie Showalter Otts

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter provides an overview of marine invasions and the environmental concerns surrounding the introduction and spread of marine invasive species. The existing legal and policy framework for ... More


Macroecological Changes in Exploited Marine Systems

Derek P. Tittensor, Boris Worm, and Ransom A. Myers

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The oceans have been used as an important source of food and materials for much of human history and prehistory, and until relatively recently were viewed as inexhaustible. Fishing has an effect at ... More


Latitudinal Gradients in Species Interactions

Eric Sanford and Mark D. Bertness

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Using small-scale field experiments, ecologists have demonstrated convincingly that species interactions often influence local community structure. Rigorously examining such large-scale processes, ... More


Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients

Sean R. Connolly

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The practice of attributing geographical variation in species richness to coincident variation in environmental conditions has a long history. In the marine realm, species richness gradients have ... More


Gastropoda: An Overview and Analysis

Stephanie W. Aktipis, Gonzalo Giribet, David R. Lindberg, and Winston F. Ponder

in Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter presents an overview and analysis of the phylogeny and evolution of the molluscan class Gastropoda. It explains that Gastropoda is the largest molluscan class and it contains the ... More


. Biota of the Pontchartrain Basin

Robert W. Hastings

in The Lakes of Pontchartrain: Their History and Environments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604732719
eISBN:
9781604734706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604732719.003.0017
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter describes the major geomorphic regions and ecological communities in Lake Pontchartrain. Three major geomorphic regions are: the Marginal Deltaic Basin, which includes Lakes ... More


The taste of predation and the defences of prey

Linda Weiss, Christian Laforsch, and Ralph Tollrian

in Chemical Ecology in Aquatic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199583096
eISBN:
9780191810091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199583096.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides examples of different modes of predator detection and describes a variety of defence mechanisms in marine and freshwater species that are induced by chemical cues. It highlights ... More


Xenoturbella

Thomas Stach

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Xenoturbella is a taxon comprising two marine species. Xenoturbellids are worms with a simple body organization of up to 3 cm length that inhabit soft sediments between 40 and 300 m depth. In spite ... More


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