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Marine ecosystems and global change: a synthesis

Eileen E. Hofmann, Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco E. Werner

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

The advances made by the GLOBEC programme are summarized in terms of what was learned from GLOBEC science, the science themes now emerging from GLOBEC results, and the implications of these for ... More


Dynamics of marine ecosystems: integration through models of physical-biological interactions

Brad de Young, Francisco E. Werner, Harold Batchelder, François Carlotti, Øyvind Fiksen, Eileen E. Hofmann, Suam Kim, Michio J. Kishi, and Hidekatsu Yamazaki

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

GLOBEC studies have greatly expanded our understanding of the structure and functioning of marine ecosystems, in particular demonstrating the importance of life history dynamics in determining the ... More


Climate forcing on marine ecosystems

Ken Drinkwater, George Hunt, Patrick Lehodey, Salvador Lluch-Cota, Eugene J. Murphy, Yasunori Sakurai, Frank Schwing, Gregory Beaugrand, and Sundby Svein

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the role of climate variability and change and their effects on the marine environment. As the frequency of physical forcing increases, the biological changes progress from ... More


Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Global environmental change, which includes climate change, biodiversity loss, changes in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, and intensive exploitation of natural resources, is having ... More


The Biology of Polar Regions

D.N. Thomas, G.E. Fogg, P. Convey, C.H. Fritsen, J.-M. Gili, R. Gradinger, J. Laybourn-Parry, K. Reid, and D.W.H. Walton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

There is now an increased awareness of the importance of polar regions in the Earth system, as well as their vulnerability to anthropogenic derived change, including of course global climate change. ... More


Ecosystem service assessments for marine conservation

Anne D. Guerry, Mark L. Plummer, Mary H. Ruckelshaus, and Chris J. Harvey

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Marine environments provide a rich bounty of ecosystem services, including fish populations for harvest, beautiful places for recreation, shoreline structure that protects adjacent lands from storms, ... More


Multitrophic biodiversity and the responses of marine ecosystems to global change

J. Emmett Duffy, John J. Stachowicz, and John F. Bruno

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the impact of global change stressors on biodiversity — with an emphasis on the number, composition, and trait distribution of species in communities — and the functioning of ... More


Protection of Ecosystems under International Law: Lessons from Antarctica

Catherine Redgwell

in International Law and Sustainable Development: Past Achievements and Future Challenges

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298076
eISBN:
9780191685378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298076.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The 1980 Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) is a path-breaking example of the ecosystem approach to resource conservation and management. It essentially ... More


Marine biodiversity: its past development, present status, and future threats

Stephen Widdicombe and Paul J. Somerfield

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter focuses on the past, present, and future of marine biodiversity. It first provides an overview of biodiversity and what it means and compares the biodiversity of marine and terrestrial ... More


Bigger is Better: The Role of Whales as Detritus in Marine Ecosystems

CRAIG R. SMITH

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses current ecosystem responses to the input of whale detritus. It then estimates the effects of industrial whaling on the production of dead whales and speculates on the ... More


Why bother going outside: the role of observational studies in understanding biodiversity–ecosystem function relationships

Simon F. Thrush and Andrew M. Lohrer

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines how observational studies can help in the design, execution, and interpretation of biodiversity-ecosystem function relationships. It first analyses the heterogeneous nature of ... More


Lessons from the fossil record: the Ediacaran radiation, the Cambrian radiation, and the end-Permian mass extinction

Stephen Q. Dornbos, Matthew E. Clapham, Margaret L. Fraiser, and Marc Laflamme

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Due to its extensive deep-time history encompassing almost 600 million years, the fossil record offers important insights into changing biodiversity in marine ecosystems, inluding rapid ... More


The importance of body size, abundance, and food-web structure for ecosystem functioning

Mark C. Emmerson

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Hundreds of plant and animal species co-exist in marine ecosystems. More than 150 years ago, Charles Darwin recognised explicitly the importance of species interactions by invoking the concept of a ... More


People, Pinnipeds, and Sea Otters of the Northeast Pacific

Torben C. Rick, Todd J. Braje, and Robert L. DeLong

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters: Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267268
eISBN:
9780520948976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Often highly intelligent with sophisticated communication systems, marine mammals are a fundamental component of marine ecosystems around the world. Archaeological data demonstrate that human impacts ... More


Ecological effects of ocean acidification

M. Débora Iglesias-Rodriguez, Katharina E. Fabricius, and Paul McElhany

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Changes in seawater chemistry driven by ocean acidification are altering the physiological performance and ecology of marine biota. Ocean acidification effects on calcification, photosynthesis, and ... More


The Exploited Seas: New Directions for Marine Environmental History

Poul Holm, Tim D. Smith, and David J. Starkey (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007312
eISBN:
9781786944733
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007312.001.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

The book combines the approaches of maritime history and ecological science to explore the evolution of life-forms and eco-systems in the ocean from a historical perspective, in order to establish ... More


Historical Approaches to the Northern California Current Ecosystem

R.C. Francis, J. Field, D. Holmgren, and A. Strom

in The Exploited Seas: New Directions for Marine Environmental History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007312
eISBN:
9781786944733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007312.003.0006
Subject:
History, Maritime History

R. C. Francis, J. Field, D. Holmgren and A. Strom traces the historical record of the west coast North American marine ecosystem through historical, paleoclimatological, and environmental disciplines ... More


Size Spectrum Theory

Ken H. Andersen

in Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation: A New Theoretical Synthesis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691192956
eISBN:
9780691189260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192956.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter follows the size-structure of the entire marine ecosystem. It shows how the Sheldon spectrum emerges from predator–prey interactions and the limitations that physics and physiology place ... More


The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Larry Allen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Marine fishes have been intensively studied, and some of the fundamental ideas in the science of marine ecology have emerged from the body of knowledge derived from this diverse group of organisms. ... More


Gaia and Glaciation: Lipalian (Vendian) Environmental Crisis

Mark A. S. McMenamin

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

The Lipalian or Vendian Period, which occurred 600–541 million years ago, begins and ends with global environmental perturbations. It begins as the worst glaciation on record draws to a close. It ... More


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