Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 221 items

  • Keywords: marginal x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


Conclusion

Martine Quinzii

in Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The general equilibrium analysis presented in this book shows that there are even more problems in using marginal cost pricing with increasing returns technologies than has been discussed at the time ... More


Tax Reform and the Cost of Capital

Dale W. Jorgenson and Kun-Young Yun

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285939
eISBN:
9780191596490
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285930.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The concept of ‘cost of capital’ was introduced almost thirty years ago and quickly became an indispensable tool for modelling the impact of tax policy on investment behaviour. In the 1980s it ... More


Marginal Products and Factor Proportions

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter discusses microeconomic theories of marginal products and factor proportions. It explains that factor's marginal product is the ratio of an increase in output to a small increase in ... More


Marginal Europe: The Contribution of Marginal Lands since the Middle Ages

Sidney Pollard

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206385
eISBN:
9780191677106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206385.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

The momentum of the British industrial revolution arose mostly in regions that were poorly endowed by nature, badly located, and considered backward and poor by contemporaries. This book examines the ... More


Redistribution of Income

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the role of the government in ensuring basic needs and how that may be managed through income taxes and public expenditure. The analysis is mainly done in the framework of ... More


Income Inequality

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Normative issues associated with income inequality are discussed. A review of the debate over Paglin’s basic revision of the Gini coefficient is presented. The methodology for computing some ... More


The Determinants of Executive Compensation

Sydney Finkelstein, Donald C. Hambrick, and Albert A. Cannella

in Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Research on the determinants of executive compensation has a very long tradition in a variety of academic fields. This chapter focuses on the key ideas that emerge from a review of this work, ... More


 “Equality or Nothing!”: Religious Pluralism in the Founding of the Republic

Chris Beneke

in Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305555
eISBN:
9780199784899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305558.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter connects the demise of exclusive religious establishments with the foundation of republican governments. It also traces the extension of equal recognition to previously marginal groups, ... More


 Prophecy and Sociology of Religion

Niels Christian Hvidt

in Christian Prophecy: The Post-Biblical Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195314472
eISBN:
9780199785346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314472.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The reality and truth of divine revelation is realized most of all in the lived faith of the church. It is here that prophecy has played its most significant role. Prophets are not called mainly to ... More


Progressivity

Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel

in The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150162
eISBN:
9780199833924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150163.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Considerations of fairness have no direct bearing on the issue of progressivity in tax rates; there is no genuine issue of vertical equity. Whether a proportional, progressive, or a regressive tax ... More


Commons Management and Infrastructure Pricing

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter addresses three complicated issues concerning commons management and infrastructure pricing. First, it examines how commons management interacts with different forms of price ... More


The General Theory

Tyler Beck Goodspeed

in Rethinking the Keynesian Revolution: Keynes, Hayek, and the Wicksell Connection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199846658
eISBN:
9780199950126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846658.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter takes up the second Keynesian iteration of the Wicksell connection. The chapter examines, in particular, how Keynes’s marginal propensity to consume, liquidity preference, marginal ... More


Double-Diffusive Convection

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses double-diffusive convection, with a particular focus on the initial instability and eventual nonlinear evolution. It first considers the “salt-fingering” instability and then ... More


Frozen oceans in polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Sea ice interposes a solid interface between two fluid phases, the biologically productive sea water and air. It modifies environmental conditions in the sea below and also provides a platform on ... More


Evaluation of Non-marginal Projects

Christian Gollier

in Pricing the Planet's Future: The Economics of Discounting in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148762
eISBN:
9781400845408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148762.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows that the cost-benefit analysis can be used only if the actions under scrutiny are marginal, that is, if implementing them has no macroeconomic effects. Otherwise, one needs to go ... More


The Optimum Rate of Investment and Growth

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Using post Second World War data for the USA and the UK up to 1973, marginal social returns to investment are tentatively estimated to have been about 13% per annum, and marginal post‐tax shareholder ... More


The Prostitute Experience

Victoria Harris

in Selling Sex in the Reich: Prostitutes in German Society, 1914-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578573
eISBN:
9780191722936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578573.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sets out to establish the experiences of Germany's prostitutes during the first half of the twentieth century. It begins by examining the myths surrounding the prostitute woman during ... More


Inference from a Single Model

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter shows how to make inferences using MCMC samples. Here, the process of inference begins on the assumption that a single model is being analyzed. The objective is to estimate parameters, ... More


The evolution of endemism: from population differentiation to species divergence

John D. Thompson

in Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter examines the evolutionary processes acting on population variation and species divergence in relation to regional history, in order to illustrate the diverse mechanisms which have shaped ... More


View: