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Patterns and Practices in Three Process Industries: Petroleum, Chemical, and Pharmaceuticals

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes how computers came into the petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical process and manufacturing industries. It argues that computers fundamentally changed the nature of work in ... More


Conclusion: How Computers Changed the American Economy

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 1: How Computers Changed the Work of American Manufacturing, Transportation, and Retail Industries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165883
eISBN:
9780199789672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165883.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter argues that computers fundamentally changed the daily work of the American economy in the late 20th century in manufacturing, transportation, and wholesale and retail industries and ... More


Back to the Future: The Aircraft and IT Industries in Britain since 1945

Richard Coopey and Peter Lyth

in Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Decline and Renaissance?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199226009
eISBN:
9780191710315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter explores the development of two ‘high technology’ sectors of the British economy in the post-war period. The chapter is set against the context of the general debate over the relative ... More


The Role of “Early Factories” in Japanese Industrialization

Johzen Takeuchi

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter deals with the manufacturing industry for Western products that emerged after the opening of the treaty ports. These goods include brushes, buttons, matches, knitted goods, soaps, and ... More


The Humble Origins of Modern Japan's Machine Industry

Jun Suzuki

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the importance of artisan workshops in the development of the machine manufacturing industry. Silk-reeling and coal mining, which played the significant role in Japan’s ... More


Manufacturing

Geoffrey Jones

in Multinationals and Global Capitalism: From the Nineteenth to the Twenty First Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199272099
eISBN:
9780191602184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272093.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Multinational strategies have played key roles in nearly all of the world’s dynamic manufacturing industries since the late 19th century. The firms that pioneered the capital-intensive technologies ... More


The New Old Economy: Networks, Institutions, and the Organizational Transformation of American Manufacturing

Josh Whitford

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286010
eISBN:
9780191713903
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286010.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

American manufacturing is in crisis: the sector lost three million jobs between 2000 and 2003 as the American trade deficit shot to record highs. Manufacturers have increasingly decentralized ... More


Introduction

Josh Whitford

in The New Old Economy: Networks, Institutions, and the Organizational Transformation of American Manufacturing

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286010
eISBN:
9780191713903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286010.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the supposed decline in American manufacturing. The rationale behind the book and its three main arguments are then laid out. An overview ... More


The Evolution and Impact of Industrial and Competition Policies

Anthony Black and Simon Roberts

in South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551460
eISBN:
9780191720376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551460.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

This chapter focuses on industrial policy and performance and on manufacturing industry in particular. It argues that performance since 1994 has been characterized by the perpetuation from the ... More


Growing Alike or Growing Apart? Industrial Specialization of EU Countries

Marius Brülhart

in The Impact of EMU on Europe and the Developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199245314
eISBN:
9780191697449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245314.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on sectoral specialization in European manufacturing industries. It documents broad specialization trends in Western Europe since the 1970s and offers some conjectures on likely ... More


Manufacturing

Roderick Floud

in The People and the British Economy, 1830–1914

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780192892102
eISBN:
9780191670602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892102.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines the British manufacturing industry from 1830–1914. It discusses the characteristics of the labour force, innovations in products and processes, the growth of foreign competition ... More


Production and Work in the American Metropolis

Allen J. Scott

in Social Economy of the Metropolis: Cognitive-Cultural Capitalism and the Global Resurgence of Cities

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199549306
eISBN:
9780191701511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549306.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter analyses the economic structure of American metropolitan areas, and the forms of production that contribute to its urbanization. It begins by revealing statistical points of growth and ... More


Unions and Employment in Uruguay

Adriana Cassoni, Steven G. Allen, and Gaston J. Labadie

in Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226322827
eISBN:
9780226322858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322858.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

For the same establishment or individual with and without union status, does employment adjustment to changes in wages and output vary when the firm is unionized and when it is not? How long does it ... More


Structural change and economic transformation

Deepak Nayyar

in Resurgent Asia: Diversity in Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198849513
eISBN:
9780191883620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198849513.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Development in Asia has been associated with a structural transformation of economies. In this process, economic growth drove structural change from the demand-side as incomes rose and production ... More


International Comparisons of R&D Expenditure: Does and R&D PPP Make a Difference?

Sean M. Dougherty, Robert Inklaar, Robert H. McGuckin, and Bart van Ark

in Hard-to-Measure Goods and Services: Essays in Honor of Zvi Griliches

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226044491
eISBN:
9780226044507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226044507.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter brings together a wide range of statistical data to develop relative R&D prices for nineteen manufacturing industries in six countries—France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, the United ... More


Industrialization and Women’s Subordination: A Reappraisal

Ruth Pearson

in Patriarchy and Development: Women's Positions at the End of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290230
eISBN:
9780191684807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290230.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In Third World countries, the involvement of females in the workforce plays no small part in the development of export manufacturing industries. Although there have already been earlier analyses ... More


Decent Work Fundamentalism and Job Destruction in the South African Clothing Manufacturing Industry

Nicoli Nattrass and Jeremy Seekings

in Inclusive Dualism: Labour-intensive Development, Decent Work, and Surplus Labour in Southern Africa

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841463
eISBN:
9780191876967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841463.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Chapter 6 reviews the history of collective bargaining in the South African clothing manufacturing industry. We show that its profoundly dualist character (high- and low-productivity firms ... More


Integrating Geographies

Andrew Needham

in Power Lines: Phoenix and the Making of the Modern Southwest

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139067
eISBN:
9781400852406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139067.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses how changes in geography remade space in the Southwest, rendering the Colorado Plateau in many ways the center of the region's economic development. With the construction of ... More


Does Service Offshoring Lead to Job Losses?: Evidence from the United States

Mary Amiti and Shang-Jin Wei

in International Trade in Services and Intangibles in the Era of Globalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226709598
eISBN:
9780226709604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709604.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter investigates whether service offshoring or international outsourcing of services lead to job losses, using evidence from the U.S. It evaluates the employment effect of service offshoring ... More


China’s Entrepreneurial Factory: The Violence of Happiness

Silvia M. Lindtner

in Prototype Nation: China and the Contested Promise of Innovation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691207674
eISBN:
9780691204956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691207674.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter documents the appropriation of making by the CCP (Chinese Communist Party). This manifested in infrastructural and urban upgrades aimed at inducing desires for self-transformation in ... More


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