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How Local Trade Associations and Manufacturers' Associations Worked in Pre-war Japan

Kazuhiro Ōmori

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter focuses on the role of trade and manufacturers’ associations in Japan’s industrialization. Focusing on two typical traditional industries, pottery and straw goods manufacturing, the ... More


It Couldn't Happen Here? Public Policy, Regional Institutions, and Interfirm Collaboration in the United States

Josh Whitford

in The New Old Economy: Networks, Institutions, and the Organizational Transformation of American Manufacturing

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286010
eISBN:
9780191713903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286010.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter argues that the Wisconsin Manufacturers' Development Consortium (WMDC) — a consortium of seven OEMs that formed in 1998 to work jointly with the state's manufacturing modernization ... More


Credit and Trade in the New South

Martin Ruef

in Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162775
eISBN:
9781400852642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162775.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the uncertainties surrounding the trade among country merchants, manufacturers, and wholesalers. Often separated by distances of hundreds of miles, their exchange relationships ... More


Game Management

Michael J Lannoo

in Leopold's Shack and Ricketts's Lab: The Emergence of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264786
eISBN:
9780520946064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264786.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Aldo Leopold's Report on a Game Survey of the North Central States received nearly universally positive reviews. He followed it up with Game Management, a larger book detailing the history, theory, ... More


Co-ordination between Production and Distribution in a Globalizing Network of Firms: Assessing Flexibility Achieved in the Japanese Automobile Industry

Banri Asanuma

in The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288152
eISBN:
9780191684579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288152.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter provides an international comparison between Japanese home and overseas practices and Anglo-American practices. It traces the historical development of production scheduling procedures ... More


A New Life for Old Lobbies

Benjamin C. Waterhouse

in Lobbying America: The Politics of Business from Nixon to NAFTA

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149165
eISBN:
9781400848171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149165.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses how the institutional developments at the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce grew directly from the political and economic upheaval of ... More


The Intersecting Rhythms of Spiritual and Commercial Life

John M. Giggie

in After Redemption: Jim Crow and the Transformation of African American Religion in the Delta, 1875-1915

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195304039
eISBN:
9780199866885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304039.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, History of Religion

This chapter examines the intersection between consumer capitalism and black religion in the Delta. After Reconstruction, African Americans increasingly turned to the market to raise money for their ... More


Industrial Democracy versus Free Enterprise

Wendy L. Wall

in Inventing the "American Way": The Politics of Consensus from the New Deal to the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195329100
eISBN:
9780199870226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329100.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the late 1930s, New Dealers, industrial unionists, and business groups led by the National Association of Manufacturers seized on the language of Americanism and launched public efforts to define ... More


Control of Distribution

Christopher Hodges

in European Regulation of Consumer Product Safety

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282555
eISBN:
9780191700217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282555.003.0013
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The purpose of controlling distribution is to ensure that the product that reaches the hands of the consumer does so in the condition intended by the manufacturer, and in the state in which it left ... More


Obligations on Users

Christopher Hodges

in European Regulation of Consumer Product Safety

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282555
eISBN:
9780191700217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282555.003.0014
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The way in which a product is used can affect its level of safety, as discussed in relation to the need for controls on design and on instructions for use. Indeed, the evidence is that accidents are ... More


Manufacturing Rationality: The Engineering Foundations of the Managerial Revolution

Yehouda Shenhav

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250004
eISBN:
9780191697869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250004.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Business History

Management is a powerful mode of thought and code of conduct in the modern world, closely associated with the American way and a natural extension of economic progress. This is a book about the ... More


Industrialists

Alan Bullock and F. W. D. Deakin

in France 1848–1945

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221043
eISBN:
9780191678400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221043.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The reality behind the myth of the 200 families is complicated. It deserves to be looked at in greater detail. It would be useful also to study it in the light of another general accusation made ... More


The Manufacturers Confer

Asa Briggs

in The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom, Volume I: The Birth of Broadcasting

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192129260
eISBN:
9780191670008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192129260.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the manufacturers' meetings concerning the formation of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The first meeting was held in May 1922 at the Institution of Electrical ... More


Manipulating product design to reinforce tobacco addiction

Geoffrey Ferris Wayne and Carrie M. Carpenter

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how tobacco manufacturers began programmes for manipulation of nicotine more than fifty years ago and refined these efforts over decades, altering product characteristics in order ... More


Contested Rationality: Disturbances, Controversies, and Opposition to Management Systems

Yehouda Shenhav

in Manufacturing Rationality: The Engineering Foundations of the Managerial Revolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250004
eISBN:
9780191697869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250004.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Business History

This chapter focuses on the opposition to ‘management systems’; on the objection of manufacturers, engineers, and employee representatives. It argues that management systems were not promoted by ... More


Reconversion: Confirming the Inter-War Course, 1945–1950

Timothy R. Whisler

in The British Motor Industry, 1945-1994: A Case Study in Industrial Decline

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290742
eISBN:
9780191684838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290742.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter analyses British motor industry between 1945 and 1950 by focusing upon the debate between Tiratsoo and Barnett concerning the role of the government's reconstruction policy. The ... More


Corporate Structure and Management Strategy: Decision-Making and Path Dependence, 1945–1968

Timothy R. Whisler

in The British Motor Industry, 1945-1994: A Case Study in Industrial Decline

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290742
eISBN:
9780191684838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290742.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Mergers do not safeguard firms from long-term decline in terms of market share and profitability. The lack of sophisticated hierarchical corporate structures and vertical integration is evident in ... More


Distribution Structures: Dealers, Agents, and Self-Interest

Timothy R. Whisler

in The British Motor Industry, 1945-1994: A Case Study in Industrial Decline

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290742
eISBN:
9780191684838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290742.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the characteristics and performance of British firms' domestic and foreign distribution structures channels. Producers regarded themselves as car makers first and foremost. ... More


Compact Disc and Digital Audio Tape: The Importance of Timing

Peter Grindley

in Standards, Strategy, and Policy: Cases and Stories

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288077
eISBN:
9780191684562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288077.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

This chapter illustrates the importance of timing and the complementary support in establishing new standards. It discusses the conflicts involved in using industry standards committees and how they ... More


Arriving at the Square

Solly Angel

in The Tale of the Scale: An Odyssey of Invention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158687
eISBN:
9780199849826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158687.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter explores Solly Angel's own aesthetic convictions. It also looks at simple prototypes that veteran designers and ordinary people could handle and comment on, and develops a deeper ... More


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