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Time Integration Schemes

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on time integration schemes, including fourth-order accurate Runge–Kutta and predictor-corrector schemes as well as schemes that allow larger time steps (and therefore fewer ... More


The Great Oxidation

Donald Eugene Canfield

in Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter deals with the “great oxidation event” (GOE), which represents a quantum shift in the oxygen content of the atmosphere. It suggests that the GOE represents the evolution of ... More


Ceremonial Synagogue Textiles: From Ashkenazi, Sephardi, and Italian Communities

Bracha Yaniv

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764180
eISBN:
9781800343320
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764180.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Richly illustrated and meticulously documented, this is the first comprehensive survey of synagogue textiles to be available in English. The book records their evolution from ancient times to the ... More


The structure and physiology of cephalopod muscle fibres

Q. Bone, E. R. Brown, and M. Usher

in Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience Studies in Squid, Octopus and Cuttlefish

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547907
eISBN:
9780191724299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547907.003.0206
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

This chapter describes the structure of cephalopod ‘skeletal’ muscle fibers and radial chromatophore fibers. Almost all muscle fibers in cephalopods are quite different in design to those of ... More


The Tectonic Plates are Moving!

Roy Livermore

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198717867
eISBN:
9780191860492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717867.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

Written in a witty and informal style, this book explains modern plate tectonics in a non-technical manner, showing not only how it accounts for phenomena such as great earthquakes, tsunamis, and ... More


Mountains, Trenches, Sunken Islands: The Great Revolution in Earth Science

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter explains the concepts of continental drift, seafloor spreading, plate tectonics, and mantle convection to address the origin of the most striking features of the Earth’s surface. These ... More


Chapter Four The Torah Mantle

Bracha Yaniv

in Ceremonial Synagogue Textiles: From Ashkenazi, Sephardi, and Italian Communities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764180
eISBN:
9781800343320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764180.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter highlights the Torah mantle, which was the last of the ceremonial objects to evolve for the wrapping of the Torah scroll. Just as garments reflect the status of their wearers in all ... More


Wedding Celebrations

Elisabeth van Houts

in Married Life in the Middle Ages, 900-1300

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198798897
eISBN:
9780191839542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798897.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Social History

This chapter discusses the ceremonial aspect of wedding celebrations of elite weddings, lower-status weddings, so-called ‘mantle’ ceremonies, and wedding rings. Actual wedding celebrations often ... More


The Monastic Orders: Adjustment and Survival

Joseph Bergin

in Church, Society, and Religious Change in France, 1580-1730

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300150988
eISBN:
9780300161069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300150988.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter describes the presence of the religious orders within France referred to as “the white mantle of the churches.” The place where many of the greatest religious orders were founded and ... More


Early Encounters in Bimusicality

Elizabeth A Clendinning

in American Gamelan and the Ethnomusicological Imagination

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780252043383
eISBN:
9780252052262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043383.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

The chapter presents an overview of the introduction of gamelan to North America and examines how the ensembles assumed a key role within the philosophy and practice of American collegiate world ... More


The Mantle of the Earth: Genealogies of a Geographical Metaphor

Veronica della Dora

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780226741291
eISBN:
9780226741321
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226741321.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The term mantle has inspired philosophers, geographers, and theologians, and shaped artists’ and mapmakers’ visual vocabularies for thousands of years. According to Veronica della Dora, mantle is the ... More


Continental Drift: Not Even Wrong

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter takes a look at Arthur Holmes's ideas that lent credence to the theory of continental drift, first brought up by Alfred Wegener. Holmes took Wegener's theory, with its many flaws but ... More


Phylum Mollusca

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

Mollusca is comprised of approximately 200,000 described living species, making it one of the largest animal phyla, and consists of eight living classes that are predominantly marine, with gastropods ... More


The Battles of the Mantles: Ceremonial Gear and Status Conflict

Giora Sternberg

in Status Interaction during the Reign of Louis XIV

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199640348
eISBN:
9780191747779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640348.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the quintessential item of ceremonial dress in pre-modern Europe: mantles. It first considers the signification and significance of the mantles worn for high ceremonies such as ... More


To Wear or Not To Wear? Mantled Visits in the Early Eighteenth Century

Giora Sternberg

in Status Interaction during the Reign of Louis XIV

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199640348
eISBN:
9780191747779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640348.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Shifting focus from high ceremony to social protocol, this chapter examines mantles in the context of courtesy calls. The right to wear this garment during complimentary visits on mourning occasions ... More


Earth, Cradle of Life

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter studies the composition of early Earth, which consisted of two layers: a dense iron-rich core at the center, surrounded by a thick rocky mantle. Gradually, Earth acquired a third layer, ... More


Mapping the Terrain

Martin D. Gallivan and Victor D. Thompson

in The Powhatan Landscape: An Archaeological History of the Algonquian Chesapeake

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813062860
eISBN:
9780813051819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062860.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Chapter 2 considers the ways that Virginia Algonquian communities constructed places and made history, beginning with disparate and contradictory representations of the Chesapeake found in ... More


Time in a Bottle

Nathan Michael Corzine

in Team Chemistry: The History of Drugs and Alcohol in Major League Baseball

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039799
eISBN:
9780252097898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039799.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter traces the history of alcohol use in Major League Baseball (MLB) and considers the sudden urge, amid an atmosphere of partisan culture war that clouded the 1990s, to celebrate the era ... More


The Earth's Internal Energy

E. C. Pielou

in The Energy of Nature

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226668062
eISBN:
9780226668055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226668055.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The earth's structure consists of several layers in the form of spherical shells surrounding a core; the layers differ from each other chemically and physically. The outermost layer, which is not ... More


Man(tle Hood), the Unknown

Henry Spiller

in Javaphilia: American Love Affairs with Javanese Music and Dance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824840945
eISBN:
9780824868161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824840945.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Chapter 5: Mantle Hood, provides a fresh take on one of the founding fathers of American ethnomusicology. I assess how his interest in the occult, in New Age philosophy, and the writings of Stewart ... More


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