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Introduction

Yulia Ustinova

in Caves and the Ancient Greek Mind: Descending Underground in the Search for Ultimate Truth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199548569
eISBN:
9780191720840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548569.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The Greeks perceived mental experiences of exceptional intensity as resulting from divine intervention. To share in the immortals' knowledge, one had to liberate the soul from the burden of the ... More


Illnesses of the Cognitive Faculties: Kant

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Immanuel Kant's discussion of melancholy. Kant is considered one of the greatest of metaphysical philosophers. He has also been described as a typical example of a late ... More


Melancholia: Pinel

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Philippe Pinel's discussion of melancholy. Pinel is one of the greatest intellectual and moral figures in the history of psychiatry. Coming on the scene at a time of change and ... More


Somethin’ Went Hard agin Her Mind: Suffering, Suicide, and Emancipation

Diane Miller Sommerville

in Aberration of Mind: Suicide and Suffering in the Civil War-Era South

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643304
eISBN:
9781469643588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643304.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Freedmen and freedwomen suffered emotionally and materially after emancipation, even while many of the circumstances related to enslavement that had triggered their suffering as slaves ended. Like ... More


The Religious Background of Donatism

W. H. C. Frend

in The Donatist Church: A Movement of Protest in Roman North Africa

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198264088
eISBN:
9780191682704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264088.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History, History of Christianity

This chapter passes into the religious background of Donatism and examines the religious grounds for the fanaticism and even suicidal mania of some of its adherents. The temples of the pagan gods in ... More


Holding On to Reality: The Nature of Information at the Turn of the Millennium

Albert Borgmann

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226066257
eISBN:
9780226066226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226066226.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book is a history of information, from its inception in the natural world to its role in the transformation of culture to the current Internet mania and is attendant assets and liabilities. ... More


Other Causes of Maternal Mortality

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses several causes of maternal mortality. These include contracted pelvis and rickets, and puerperal insanity or puerperal mania. Childhood rickets leads to a deformity of the ... More


Economic Development and Social Opportunity

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in India: Development and Participation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199257492
eISBN:
9780191717826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257492.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses economic development and social opportunities in India. Topics covered include: the social dimension of health and education; the government, the state and the market; the ... More


Too Close for Comfort?: Lessons from Excesses and Deficits of Compassion in Psychopathology

June Gruber and Dacher Keltner

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0057
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this essay, we raise an intriguing question not considered explicitly in the literature on compassion: Are there pathological levels of compassion? We provide an overview of the emergent findings ... More


Depression and resilience: insights from cognitive, neuroimaging, and psychopharmacological studies

Barbara J. Sahakian and Sharon Morein-Zamir

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The symptoms of depression include persistent low mood, feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, or worthlessness, and anhedonia, or the inability to experience pleasure. Mood is influenced by a ... More


Social Neuroscience of Asymmetrical Frontal Cortical Activity: Considering Anger and Approach Motivation

Eddie Harmon-Jones and Cindy Harmon-Jones

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews research that establishes the importance of the left prefrontal cortex (PFC) in approach motivation independent of affective valence. Research on anger and asymmetrical frontal ... More


Medicalising enthusiasm

Lionel Laborie

in Enlightening Enthusiasm: Prophecy and religious experience in early eighteenth-century England

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719089886
eISBN:
9781526104007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089886.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 6 explores the medical debate on the nature and causes of religious enthusiasm that emerged with the scientific revolution. As Anglican ministers and divines increasingly resorted to a ... More


Depression and mania: clinical features and brain mechanisms

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

It is clear, from the clinical manifestations and observed physiological changes, that brain systems for arousal and sleep, reward and punishment, and learning and memory are involved in depression ... More


Drugs used in depression and mania

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the main drugs used in affective disorders. Many drugs produce euphoria in normal subjects and some of these, at least temporarily, lighten mood in depressed patients. However, ... More


Choreomania: Dance and Disorder

Kélina Gotman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190840419
eISBN:
9780190840457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190840419.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Dance

This book traces the emergence and spread of the choreomania concept through colonial medical and ethnographic circles, showing how fantasies of instability—and of the Oriental other—haunted ... More


The security forces

Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz, and Julian Cooper

in Securitising Russia: The Domestic Politics of Vladimir Putin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072246
eISBN:
9781781701317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072246.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of the siloviki (that is, personnel from the ‘force structures’ or ‘power ministries’, chiefly the security services, the armed forces, and the Ministry of Internal ... More


The Spanish American Bubble and Britain’s Crisis of Informal Empire, 1822–6

Rebecca Cole Heinowitz

in Spanish America and British Romanticism, 1777-1826: Rewriting Conquest

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748638680
eISBN:
9780748651702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638680.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter takes a look at the conflicting ways British literature, periodicals and popular entertainments increased, critiqued and eventually denied the nation's Spanish American mania. It shows ... More


The Last French Argonauts

Malcolm J. Rohrbough

in Rush to Gold: The French and the California Gold Rush, 1848–1854

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300181401
eISBN:
9780300182187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300181401.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter looks at the lottery emigration, which was driven by the national mania in France occasioned by the lottery and the heavily publicized news surrounding the final drawing. It obscured the ... More


ManiaXFundamentals

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 2000, the year of deCODE Genetics' initial public offering (IPO), there were an estimated sixty-seven biotechnology IPOs and secondary offerings, which raised a total of $39 billion–$30 billion ... More


Baffling Fraud: The 1840s

James Taylor

in Boardroom Scandal: The Criminalization of Company Fraud in Nineteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695799
eISBN:
9780191749520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695799.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

On the face of it, the 1840s was a decade of change inspired by a series of major frauds. Magistrates began to take a more active role in the wake of joint-stock scandals. The legislature conducted a ... More


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