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Democratic Institutions

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It was argued earlier that active civil rights require agencies to formulate, maintain, and harmonize them; the question arises then, whether there are any kinds of governmental agencies that would ... More


Models of democracy for the EU

Mette Elise Jolly

in The European Union and the People

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213078
eISBN:
9780191707155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213078.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter discusses the possible roads to democratization of the EU that have been suggested in the literature by assessing eight different models of democracy such as federalism, parliamentary ... More


Does Descriptive Representation Facilitate Women’s Distinctive Voice?

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines how women, far more than men, prioritize the protection of vulnerable and poor populations and support government intervention on “compassion” issues. Were women to gain more ... More


A System of Rights

Rex Martin

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The justification of political authority (the authority of the state) is one of the long‐standing issues of political philosophy, and one that persistently defies satisfactory solution. This book ... More


Legitimate Diversity: The New Challenge of European Integratio n

Fritz W. Sccharpf

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Illustrates why the present institutional framework of the EU is no longer able to face new policy challenges. Provides an overview of general modes of EU policy‐making and then addresses concrete ... More


The Socialist State

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In a market socialist society, the state would have five basic functions: personal protection, resource distribution, economic management, public goods provision, and self‐reproduction. Because of ... More


First Democracy: The Challenge of an Ancient Idea

Paul Woodruff

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304541
eISBN:
9780199850747
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304541.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Americans have an unwavering faith in democracy and are ever eager to import it to nations around the world. But how democratic is our own “democracy”? If you can vote, if the majority rules, if you ... More


Democracy and the Environment: A Radical Theory of Participation

Avner de‐Shalit

in The Environment Between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240388
eISBN:
9780191599033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240388.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

What sort of democracy is more likely to sustain environment‐friendly policies? Unlike a number of recent works that have praised representative democracy as the optimal form of democracy for the ... More


Second Mechanism of Democratic Reason: Majority Rule

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that majority rule is a useful complement of inclusive deliberation, not just because majority rule is more efficient timewise, but because it has distinct epistemic properties of ... More


Democracy as the Public Realization of Equality

Thomas Christiano

in The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198297475
eISBN:
9780191716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297475.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter argues that democracy is grounded in the principle of public equality defended in the first two chapters. Thinking of the grounds of democracy in this way helps us understand the sense ... More


Democratic Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter contrasts his consequentialist account of democratic rights with prominent nonconsequentialist accounts, including those of Rawls, Habermas, Barry, and Waldron. He explains why majority ... More


How Groups Use Partial Ignorance to Make Good Decisions

Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos and Torsten Reimer

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0050
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Is prior recognition of decision options used when a group of people tries to decide together which option to choose? And if it is used, how does it affect group performance? To find out, ... More


Gender Inequality in School Boards

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines the experiences of men and women in Londonderry, Wakefield, and many other towns and cities across the country. While the school boards data set is culled from official meeting ... More


Ecological Rationality for Teams and Committees: Heuristics in Group Decision Making

Torsten Reimer and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0096
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter applies the concept of ecological rationality to the context of groups and teams. A summary of agent-based computer simulations is provided in which groups integrated member opinions on ... More


Kelsen's Theory of Democracy—Reconciliation with Social Order

Lars Vinx

in Hans Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law: Legality and Legitimacy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199227952
eISBN:
9780191711077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227952.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The aim to develop a legality-based theory of political legitimacy obviously requires more than just a defence of a principle of legality. Kelsen's conception of the rule of law, as outlined in the ... More


Reflections on the General Will's Sovereignty

Joshua Cohen

in Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581498
eISBN:
9780191722875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581498.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores more fully Rousseau's conception of the general will, the cornerstone of a free community of equals. It discusses the sense in which the general will is a will; the way(s) in ... More


Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Hélène Landemore

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Individual decision making can often be wrong due to misinformation, impulses, or biases. Collective decision making, on the other hand, can be surprisingly accurate. This book demonstrates that the ... More


Epistemic Failures of Majority Rule: Real and Imagined

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses a series of objections to the claimed epistemic properties of majority rule and, more generally, aggregation of judgments. It first considers a general objection to the ... More


Britain: A Growing Conflict between Party Goals and Societal Norms with (Still) No Consequences

Michael Koß

in The Politics of Party Funding: State Funding to Political Parties and Party Competition in Western Europe

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572755
eISBN:
9780191595103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572755.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

In Britain, neither the institutional context nor parties' strategic goals provided any incentives for cooperation in questions of party funding. In the centralized Westminster model of democracy, ... More


Disputes, legal rules, and democracy

Christopher J. Peters

in A Matter of Dispute: Morality, Democracy, and Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387223
eISBN:
9780199894338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387223.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter extends the analysis applied in Chapter 3 from a basic, bipartite, ex post model of dispute resolution to the context of prospective general legal rules. It first outlines the ... More


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