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The European Union and National Politics

Vivien A. Schmidt

in Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199266975
eISBN:
9780191709012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266975.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The chapter begins with a brief sketch of the EU’s representative politics in comparison with national politics. It then examines the EU’s effects on national politics generally as well as ... More


Reforming Electoral Systems in Mexico

Juan Molinar Horcasitas and Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has a long experience with highly majoritarian variants of mixed‐member systems, but has recently been made more proportional in a process of democratization. Electoral reform has developed ... More


Plural Democracy: Variations on a Theme

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Democracy is defined as a political system in which citizens rule, either by themselves or through others that are elected, influenced, and controlled by the people, in a way that puts each citizen ... More


The Presidentialization of The Presidentialization of Politics in Democratic Societies: Politics in Democratic Societies: A Framework for Analysis

Thomas Poguntke and Paul Webb

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Discusses the conceptualization of the presidentialization thesis and presents a framework for analysis. It is argued that democratic political systems are coming to operate according to an ... More


The British Prime Minister: The British Prime Minister: Much More Than ‘First Among Equals’

Richard Heffernan and Paul Webb

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews a wide range of evidence to demonstrate three things. First, election campaigns have become more candidate-centered, with parties offering leaders greater prominence in their election ... More


A Model for Explaining the A Model for Explaining the Performance of Liberal Democracies

Edeltraud Roller

in The Performance of Democracies: Political Institutions and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286423
eISBN:
9780191603358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286426.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter develops a causal model for explaining the performance of liberal democracies. The model builds on explanatory models from three theoretical strands: comparative research on democracy, ... More


The Influence of Political Institutions on the Effectiveness of Western Democracies

Edeltraud Roller

in The Performance of Democracies: Political Institutions and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286423
eISBN:
9780191603358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286426.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the hypotheses about the impact of formal and informal institutions on the level, stability, and the structure of political effectiveness of western democracies. It presents a ... More


Italy: A Case of Fragmented Bipolarism

Roberto D'Alimonte

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Given that Italy has had one of the few perfectly bicameral parliamentary systems (in which each house has equal powers), there are two different electoral systems to analyse. These electoral systems ... More


Choosing Governments or Identifying Preferences? The Role of Elections in Democracy

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter lays out the general questions as described in the overview. Is it really satisfactory to have ‘democracy with qualifiers’ (majoritarian, consensus, and so on) each justified in their ... More


Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Andrew Reynolds

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book is one of the series Oxford Studies in Democratization, and examines electoral systems and democratization in southern Africa. The design of electoral systems and executive types is ... More


Weak Mobilization, Hidden Majoritarianism, and Resurgence of the Right: A Recipe for Female Under-Representation in Hungary

Kathleen A. Montgomery and Gabriella Ilonszki

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the under-representation of women in post-communist Hungary. Female under-representation is attributed to a combination of electoral, cultural and party system factors. Women ... More


Defining the Intervening and Explanatory Variables

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the second of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, as well as providing qualitative ... More


Majoritarian or Power‐Sharing Government

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the last of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, as well as provides qualitative ... More


Cross‐Country Comparisons: Legislative and Executive Inclusion

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

A comparative analysis is given of both actual and simulated election results of the five country case studies (from Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) presented in the book, along ... More


Compromise Amidst Political Conflict: The Origins of Russia's Mixed‐Member System

Robert G. Moser and Frank C. Thames

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The introduction of a mixed‐member majoritarian (MMM) electoral system in Russia came in the midst of a violent struggle between President Boris Yeltsin and a communist and nationalist opposition, ... More


Mixed Electoral Rules, Partisan Realignment, and Party System Change in Italy

Roberto D'Alimonte

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When the new mixed‐member majoritarian (MMM) electoral system was introduced in the summer of 1993, Italian politics was characterized by a destructuring of the old party system with a dramatic ... More


The Israeli Mixed Electoral System: Unexpected Reciprocal and Cumulative Consequences

Reuven Y. Hazan

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This analyzes the consequences of the Israeli version of a mixed electoral system, in which a majoritarian method of electing the head of the executive branch was grafted onto an extremely ... More


The Consequences of Electoral Reform in Japan

Steven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In January 1994, the Japanese Diet (Parliament) passed two major political reform laws, the first changing the system used to elect its Lower House (the House of Representatives) and the second aimed ... More


The Consequences of Mexico's Mixed‐Member Electoral System, 1988–1997

Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has experimented with mixed‐member electoral systems for many years, is probably the second oldest mixed‐member system after Germany, and has modified its mixed system more than any other ... More


Evaluating Hungary's Mixed‐Member Electoral System

Kenneth Benoit

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The electoral system adopted by Hungary in 1989 represents a monument to the potential for institutional design through bargaining to produce complex yet stable institutions. The key compromise ... More


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