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The Sigmatic Future in Archaic Latin

WOLFGANG DAVID CIRILO DE MELO

in The Early Latin Verb System: Archaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209026
eISBN:
9780191706141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209026.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The sigmatic future has a remarkable pattern of distribution. In main clauses only the fossilized faxō occurs, while in subordinate clauses we find forms belonging to different verbs and persons. In ... More


Main Clause Phenomena and Adverbial Clauses

Liliane Haegeman

in Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and the Composition of the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 8

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199858774
eISBN:
9780199979912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858774.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows that what are usually labeled adverbial clauses differ in terms of their internal syntax: while main clause phenomena (MCP) are banned from some adverbial clauses, they are not ... More


Verb position in early Germanic main clauses

George Walkden

in Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198712299
eISBN:
9780191780837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712299.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter represents an attempt to put the methodology for syntactic reconstruction outlined in the previous chapter into practice. The focus throughout is on the position of the finite verb in ... More


The subjunctive in main clauses

Lilo Moessner

in The History of the Present English Subjunctive: A Corpus-based Study of Mood and Modality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474437998
eISBN:
9781474490757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474437998.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter deals with the frequency development of the subjunctive and its competitors as well as with their distribution across text categories in main clauses in the periods Old English (OE), ... More


Extending the Analysis: MCP in that Clauses

Liliane Haegeman

in Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and the Composition of the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 8

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199858774
eISBN:
9780199979912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858774.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Pursuing the analysis developed in the preceding chapters, this chapter opens questions for future research. It is a survey of finite that clauses which resist main clause phenomena. It shows that ... More


Null arguments in early Germanic

George Walkden

in Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198712299
eISBN:
9780191780837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712299.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the occurrence of null arguments in early Germanic. In 5.2 it presents data on the occurrence of null arguments from five key early Germanic languages, including new ... More


Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and the Composition of the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 8

Liliane Haegeman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199858774
eISBN:
9780199979912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858774.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book uses the cartographic theory to examine the left periphery of the English clause and compare it to the left-peripheral structures of other languages. The book argues that the dissimilar ... More


Clause and sentence types

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Art of Grammar: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199683215
eISBN:
9780191764912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683215.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

The clause is the basic unit which describes an activity, a property, a state, or a relationship. Clauses can be classified according to their internal structure, including number and roles of ... More


The History of the Present English Subjunctive: A Corpus-based Study of Mood and Modality

Lilo Moessner

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474437998
eISBN:
9781474490757
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474437998.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Based on the definition of the subjunctive as a realisation of the grammatical category mood and an expression of the semantic/pragmatic category modality the book presents the first comprehensive ... More


Visser’s Generalization

Paul M. Postal

in Edge-Based Clausal Syntax: A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014816
eISBN:
9780262295482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

Visser’s Generalization (VG) expresses a relation between control by an implicit subject and passivization in a main clause and argues that these two phenomena are incompatible. Standard ... More


Null subjects in Old Italian

Cecilia Poletto

in Rethinking Verb Second

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198844303
eISBN:
9780191879845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844303.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

In this work the complex distribution of null subjects in Old Florentine of the thirteenth century is analysed. The main theoretical question answered is the following: what are the factors that rule ... More


Arguments and Adjuncts on the Left Periphery

Liliane Haegeman

in Adverbial Clauses, Main Clause Phenomena, and the Composition of the Left Periphery: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 8

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199858774
eISBN:
9780199979912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858774.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter returns to argument fronting in English, and examines its properties from a comparative perspective. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2.2 compares English argument fronting, ... More


NEG Raising from Scope Positions

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on the assumption that the negative polarity item (NPI) phrase occupies a scope position as well as the object position, suggesting that NEG raising takes place only from the ... More


Old Spanish

Sam Wolfe

in Verb Second in Medieval Romance

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198804673
eISBN:
9780191842887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804673.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter engages with recent criticism of Spanish’s status as a V2 language, suggesting that the criticism is ill-founded and arguing that it was a relatively strict V2 language, showing a ... More


Cross-linguistic variations in the interpretation of tense in mirative sentences: A view from Japanese mirative expressions nante/towa

Osamu Sawada and Jun Sawada

in Expressive Meaning Across Linguistic Levels and Frameworks

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198871217
eISBN:
9780191914225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871217.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter investigates the interpretation of tense in Japanese mirative sentences using nante/towa and considers cross-linguistic variations of mirativity in terms of tense. In Japanese, when ... More


Grammatical Tone Patterns of Affirmative Main Clause Verbs

Laura J. Downing and Al Mtenje

in The Phonology of Chichewa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198724742
eISBN:
9780191792281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724742.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

The chapter begins with a brief background section introducing what is meant by grammatical tone patterns in Bantu languages. Eight different grammatical tone patterns can be identified for ... More


Functions of the noun phrase

Gerjan van Schaaik

in The Oxford Turkish Grammar

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851509
eISBN:
9780191886102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851509.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Syntax and Morphology

Roughly speaking, only four syntactic roles can be distinguished for a noun phrase: subject, object, adverbial phrase, and predicate in a verbal sentence the predicate is a verb, in a nominal ... More


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