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The Simple Quattuorvirate (‘Nude Dictus’)

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The most important identifying features of the vast majority of the municipia created after the Social War was their unique new magistracy, the quattuorvirate. This chapter examines all thirty-six ... More


‘Quattuoruiri Iure Dicundo’

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on attestations of the quattuorvirate iure dicundo. The magistracy is recorded at Tibur; Setia, Signia, Sora, Aquinum, and Interamna Lirenas; Cales; Aeclanum and Beneventum; ... More


‘Quattuoruiri Quinquennales’, and Other Variations

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter begins by analyzing epigraphic evidence on the magistracy, and then proceeds to more general conclusions. Although the origins of the magistracy remain uncertain, an ‘Italic’ as opposed ... More


The Duovirate

Edward Bispham

in From Asculum to Actium: The Municipalization of Italy from the Social War to Augustus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231843
eISBN:
9780191716195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231843.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the duovirate, the other magistracy found in municipia created after the Social War. Although the duovirate appears after the Social War, it is found as often in citizen ... More


Exeter: Godly Rule in Action

Bernard Capp

in England's Culture Wars: Puritan Reformation and its Enemies in the Interregnum, 1649-1660

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199641789
eISBN:
9780191744228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641789.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The final chapter takes Exeter as a case-study in depth. It examines how the city's magistrates and ministers gradually came to terms with the Commonwealth after their initial fierce hostility, and ... More


The Promise of Change

John A. Davis

in Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198207559
eISBN:
9780191716720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207559.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The promise of change initially met with strong support in Naples, but why did southern Italy become a showcase of the empire's frequently proclaimed ‘modernizing mission’? In other peripheral states ... More


Hospitality in Early Modern England

Felicity Heal

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217633
eISBN:
9780191678257
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217633.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book is a study of the ideal and practice of hospitality in England between the 15th and 17th centuries. In early modern England, hospitality was believed to be a vital social virtue, comparable ... More


The Justice of Venice: Authorities and Liberties in the Urban Economy, 1550-1700

James E Shaw

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263778
eISBN:
9780191734823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263778.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The rulers of Venice prided themselves on their unique brand of justice, which was a source of both ridicule and admiration for foreign commentators. This book uncovers what this special justice ... More


The Schutterij, Popular Influence, and Public Order

J. L. Price

in Holland and the Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century: The Politics of Particularism

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203834
eISBN:
9780191676000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203834.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

To a very large extent in practice, the regents in Holland were the absolute rulers of their towns, this unquestioned legal supremacy of the magistracy could not disguise the fact that there was a ... More


Local Government, Parliament, and the Problem of Poverty 1795–1819

David Eastwood

in Governing Rural England: Tradition and Transformation in Local Government 1780-1840

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204817
eISBN:
9780191676406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204817.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The realities of power within English rural counties were shaped more by the dynamics of local politics than by the formal instruments of statutory authority. In this sense the power of the ... More


Rural Duties

Paul Langford

in Public Life and the Propertied Englishman 1689–1798: The Ford Lectures Delivered in the University of Oxford 1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205340
eISBN:
9780191676574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205340.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

There were growing fears in the 18th century that the landowner class in Great Britain was opting out of its responsibilities at the time when commercial farming, and the social changes which ... More


Rebellion

Nancy J. Curtin

in The United Irishmen: Popular Politics in Ulster and Dublin, 1791–1798

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207368
eISBN:
9780191677632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207368.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

By 1798, the essentials for successful revolutionary mobilization had been seized by the government. Despite these adverse conditions, the embers of republicanism still stirred in the north. The ... More


The Roman Martyrs: Introduction, Translations, and Commentary

Michael Lapidge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198811367
eISBN:
9780191848391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811367.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The Roman Martyrs contains translations of forty Latin passiones of saints who were martyred in Rome or its near environs, during the period before the ‘peace of the Church’ (c. 312). Some of these ... More


A Parcel of Devils

Paul Kleber Monod

in The Murder of Mr. Grebell: Madness and Civility in an English Town

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099850
eISBN:
9780300130195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099850.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter examines how the crime of John Breads connects with the wider context of social change in the early days of modern Rye. Breads' conception of madness was widespread among ordinary people ... More


The Committee of Grand Ulama: An Organization in the Service of the Prince . . . and the Population

Nabil Mouline and Ethan S. Rundell

in Clerics of Islam: Religious Authority and Political Power in Saudi Arabia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300178906
eISBN:
9780300206616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178906.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter describes the creation of the Committee of Grand Ulama, which was the most significant Hanbali-Wahhabi organization that existed. In addition to the committee, the High Council of the ... More


The Power of Life and Death

Mary Nyquist

in Arbitrary Rule: Slavery, Tyranny, and the Power of Life and Death

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226015538
eISBN:
9780226015675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226015675.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter discusses the power of life and death, and how such a grand phrase could come to stand for something so brutal as killing. Also known as the sword of justice, the right to take life and ... More


Rome, Its Magistrates, and its Empire

Daniel J. Gargola

in Shape of the Roman Order: The Republic and Its Spaces

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631820
eISBN:
9781469631844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631820.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the ruling elite’s conceptions of their empire, the ways that they deployed their polity’s most prominent official actors over it, and the adjustments needed to accommodate an ... More


The Civic Institutions of Palmyra

Andrew M. Smith II

in Roman Palmyra: Identity, Community, and State Formation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199861101
eISBN:
9780199332717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199861101.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter examines Palmyra’s institutional development as a hybrid of the Greek polis and the emergence of formal institutions designed to regulate personal and group activity. These institutions ... More


Registration for the Land Tax and the Collection of Land Tax

Patrick H. Hase

in Custom, Land and Livelihood in Rural South China: The Traditional Land Law of Hong Kong's New Territories, 1744-1948

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9789888139088
eISBN:
9789888180707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139088.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

A person registered as a land tax payer through a series of complicated procedures. The system assumed that when the head of household died, the registration would be cancelled and reissued in the ... More


Michael Dalton

in Shaping the Common Law: From Glanvill to Hale, 1188-1688

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757140
eISBN:
9780804779593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757140.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on Michael Dalton's The Countrey Justice, extrinsic merits of which make the case for its status as a classic work of legal literature. First, The Countrey Justice provides the ... More


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