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Impacts of Macroeconomic Policies on the Environment, Natural Resources, and Welfare in Developing Countries

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses relationships between the macro economy and economic policy, and the environmental and resource situation in developing countries. It focuses on the distortive effects of ... More


Policy Responses to Marginalization: The Changing Role of the EU

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter explores the EU’s policies on marginalisation. It begins by looking into the interplay between macroeconomic developments and various forms of marginalisation. The evolution of EU policy ... More


Mass Unemployment and the State

Johannes Lindvall

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590643
eISBN:
9780191723407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590643.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Ever since the 1970s, the problem of unemployment has defined politics in Western Europe, but governments have responded in different ways. In the 1970s and 1980s, some governments used macroeconomic ... More


New Regimes

Johannes Lindvall

in Mass Unemployment and the State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590643
eISBN:
9780191723407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590643.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes the consolidation of new macroeconomic regimes in Denmark and the Netherlands in the early 1980s and the end of employment-oriented macroeconomic policies in Austria and Sweden ... More


A Broad View of Macroeconomic Stability

José Antonio Ocampo

in The Washington Consensus Reconsidered: Towards a New Global Governance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199534081
eISBN:
9780191714658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534081.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter recommends a broad concept of macroeconomic stability, whereby ‘sound macroeconomic frameworks’ include not only price stability and sound fiscal policies, but also a well-functioning ... More


The Threat of Unemployment

Johannes Lindvall

in Mass Unemployment and the State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590643
eISBN:
9780191723407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590643.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes how governments in Austria, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden responded to the threat of unemployment from the first oil crisis in 1973 until they gave priority to objectives ... More


Restructuring the British Welfare State: Between Domestic Constraints and Global Imperatives

Martin Rhodes

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the UK, as in Australia and New Zealand, the ‘liberal’ post‐war welfare state was conceived as a minimal safety net under conditions in which full employment was to be ensured by (‘Keynesian’) ... More


Ending Inflation Without Prolonged Recession: Introducing Credibility

Brigitte Granville

in Remembering Inflation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145402
eISBN:
9781400846443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145402.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter describes how, since the 1980s, policymakers have managed to reduce and control inflation without unacceptably adverse welfare impacts by changing the monetary policy regime in a way ... More


Argentina's Currency Board and the Case for Macroeconomic Policy Coordination in Mercosur

José María Fanelli

in The Dollarization Debate

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155358
eISBN:
9780199832989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155351.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the pros and cons of macroeconomic policy coordination in Mercosur. It reviews the macroeconomic functioning of the Argentine economy under convertibility, and the exchange ... More


Global and National Macroeconometric Modelling: A Long-Run Structural Approach

Anthony Garratt, Kevin Lee, M. Hashem Pesaran, and Yongcheol Shin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199296859
eISBN:
9780191603853
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199296855.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book provides a comprehensive description of the state-of-the-art in macroeconometric modelling and describes the ‘long-run structural modelling approach’ applied to the modelling of national ... More


The Role of Preventative Capital Account Regulations

José Antonio Ocampo and José Gabriel Palma

in Capital Market Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230587
eISBN:
9780191710896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230587.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Preventive capital account regulations have three potential roles in developing countries. First, as a macroeconomic policy tool they provide some room of manoeuvre for counter-cyclical macroeconomic ... More


Who Is Voting for Low Inflation and Why?

Brigitte Granville

in Remembering Inflation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145402
eISBN:
9781400846443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145402.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter analyzes the impact of low inflation. It argues that despite repeated efforts by governing authorities to initiate anti-inflationary policies, long-lasting stabilization can prove ... More


Signaling, Aid, and IMF Financial Arrangements for Low‐Income Countries

Timothy Lane

in Finance, Development, and the IMF

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239863
eISBN:
9780191716805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239863.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on how the IMF interacts with macroeconomic policy formulation in low-income countries (LICs). It addresses four related concerns. Can the IMF remain fully engaged with LICs ... More


Globalization, finance, and economic nationalism: the changing role of the state in Japan

Takaaki Suzuki

in Globalization and Economic Nationalism in Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646210
eISBN:
9780191741630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646210.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter explores how economic nationalism in Japan has changed in the last 30 years and where it might be heading in the future. It looks at state intervention, which Japan has perfected by ... More


Paying for the War: Economic Policy in Poor Countries Under Conflict Conditions

Valpy FitzGerald

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Macroeconomic policy in wartime is concerned with reducing human suffering, particularly in poor countries where a large proportion of the population is near or below the poverty line. This chapter ... More


Colombia: Structural Adjustment, Macroeconomics and Equity

José Antonio Ocampo and Camilo Tovar

in External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter analyzes the link between structural adjustment, macroeconomic performance, and social indicators in Colombia. The first two sections briefly overview structural reforms, the evolution ... More


Indonesia's External Liberalization: Policy Dynamics and Socio‐Economic Impact

Iwan J. Azis

in External Liberalization in Asia, Post-Socialist Europe, and Brazil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195189322
eISBN:
9780199783823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189322.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses Indonesia's experience with trade and external liberalization, emphasizing the policy dynamics and the socio-economic effects of liberalization. Section 2 analyzes the ... More


The Changing Nature of Inequality in South Africa

Carolyn Jenkins and Lynne Thomas

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the fourth of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of South Africa. After an introduction, the second section of the chapter reviews the evolution of ... More


Austerity, Privatization and Deregulation

ANDREW GLYN

in Capitalism Unleashed: Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226795
eISBN:
9780191710544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226795.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter outlines the counter-revolution in macroeconomic policy which brought forth a period of tight monetary policy and fiscal austerity imposed in the name of defeating inflation. This was ... More


The End of a Mirage: More Money Increases Inflation but Not Employment

Brigitte Granville

in Remembering Inflation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145402
eISBN:
9781400846443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145402.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter describes the learning trajectory that led economists and policymakers to regard controlling inflation as a priority and to pursue this goal of greater price stability more effectively. ... More


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