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Selective extinction and speciation

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores one of the primary contributors to the emergence of macroecological patterns—multilevel natural selection to include selectivity at the species level. It considers the ... More


Marine Macroecology

Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Pioneered in the late 1980s, the concept of macroecology—a framework for studying ecological communities with a focus on patterns and processes—revolutionized the field of ecology. Although this ... More


Observed Patterns of Global Biodiversity

Boris Worm and Derek P. Tittensor

in A Theory of Global Biodiversity (MPB-60)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691154831
eISBN:
9781400890231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154831.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes and synthesizes known biodiversity patterns, and analyzes them for congruency over space and time. The discussion is limited to macroecological patterns at continental to ... More


Scaling metrics and macroecology

John Harte

in Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains what macroecologists do – the things they measure, the way they measure them, the way they graph their data, and the patterns that they tend to see when they stare at the ... More


Overview of macroecological models and theories

John Harte

in Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the types of models and theories that have been advanced to explain the observed behaviours of the macroecological metrics presented in Chapter 3. The emphasis is ... More


Testing METE

John Harte

in Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter compares the predictions of METE to data. It shows that METE predictions for the macroecological metrics are generally consistent with the pervasive empirical patterns seen in nature. A ... More


Macroecological Patterns in Insect Body Size

Kevin J. Gaston and Steven L. Chown

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides an overview of the current understanding of the form of macroecological patterns in insect body size, with particular emphasis on global patterns, patterns through time, and ... More


Macroecological Patterns Among Marine Fishes

Enrique Macpherson, Philip A. Hastings, and D. Ross Robertson

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews current knowledge about patterns in the distribution and diversity of marine fish species in the context of the enormous spatial and temporal variation that results from ... More


Dispersal and Geographic Ranges in the Sea

Steven D. Gaines, Sarah E. Lester, Ginny Eckert, Brian P. Kinlan, Rafe Sagarin, and Brian Gaylord

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Explorations of range edges have been historically somewhat divorced from studies of geographical variation in population size. The emerging data on patterns of abundance across entire species' ... More


Macroecological Theory and the Analysis of Species Richness Gradients

Sean R. Connolly

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The practice of attributing geographical variation in species richness to coincident variation in environmental conditions has a long history. In the marine realm, species richness gradients have ... More


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