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Learning Machine Translation

Cyril Goutte, Nicola Cancedda, Marc Dymetman, and George Foster (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

The Internet gives us access to a wealth of information in languages we don’t understand. The investigation of automated or semi-automated approaches to translation has become a thriving research ... More


A Statistical Machine Translation Primer

Nicola Cancedda, Marc Dymetman, George Foster, and Cyril Goutte

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter provides an introduction to the main aspects of statistical machine translation (SMT). The discussions cover automatic evaluation of machine translation output, language modeling, ... More


Learning to Combine Machine Translation Systems

Evgeny Matusov, Gregor Leusch, and Hermann Ney

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter shows how outputs of multiple machine translation (MT) systems may be combined in order to improve translation quality. It presents a method that computes a consensus translation from ... More


Discriminative Phrase Selection for SMT

Jesús Giménez and Lluís Màrquez

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter explores the application of discriminative learning to the problem of phrase selection in statistical machine translation (SMT). The chapter is organized as follows. Section 11.2 ... More


Semisupervised Learning for Machine Translation

Nicola Ueffing, Gholamreza Haffari, and Anoop Sarkar

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter proposes algorithms for semisupervised learning. It translates sentences from the source language and then uses them to retrain the statistical machine translation (SMT) system in the ... More


Reranking for Large-Scale Statistical Machine Translation

Kenji Yamada and Ion Muslea

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

Statistical machine translation (SMT) systems, which are trained on parallel corpora of bilingual text (e.g., French and English), typically work as follows: for each sentence to be translated, they ... More


Containment

Brian Lennon

in In Babel's Shadow: Multilingual Literatures, Monolingual States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665013
eISBN:
9781452946344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665013.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines methods for translating different languages through a machine. There are issues with machine translation that can be illustrated through historic examples. Firstly, the need to ... More


Kernel-Based Machine Translation

Zhuoran Wang and John Shawe-Taylor

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter presents a novel framework for machine translation based on kernel ridge regression. As a kernel method, the framework has the advantage of capturing the correspondences among the ... More


. Reading Code: The Hallucination of Universal Language from Modernism to Cyberspace

Jessica Pressman

in Digital Modernism: Making It New in New Media

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199937080
eISBN:
9780199352623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937080.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter intervenes in discourse about the readability of computer code. It traces a prehistory of this discussion about code-as-text back by drawing a parallel between the idea that computer ... More


Toward Purely Discriminative Training for Tree-Structured Translation Models

Benjamin Wellington, Joseph Turian, and I. Dan Melamed

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter presents a method for training all the parameters of a syntax-aware statistical machine translation (MT) system in a discriminative manner. The system outperforms a generative ... More


Mining Patents for Parallel Corpora

Masao Utiyama and Hitoshi Isahara

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

Large-scale parallel corpora are indispensable language resources for machine translation (MT). However, there are only a few publicly available large-scale parallel corpora. This chapter describes a ... More


Automatic Construction of Multilingual Name Dictionaries

Bruno Pouliquen and Ralf Steinberger

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

Machine translation and other natural language processing systems often experience performance loss when processing texts with unknown words, such as proper names. Proper name dictionaries are rare ... More


Intelligence

Andrew Goffey

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the concept of computing intelligence by taking the Turing machine into consideration. It also discusses the Turing test in the research of machine intelligence and states that ... More


Transitional measures

Christoph Keussen

in Unified Patent Protection in Europe: A Commentary

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198755463
eISBN:
9780191927706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755463.003.0033
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

To strengthen and secure the information function of EPs and EPUEs, the EPO, already during the disclosure of a European patent application, prepares machine translations in numerous official ... More


Linguistically Enriched Word-Sequence Kernels for Discriminative Language Modeling

Pierre Mahé and Nicola Cancedda

in Learning Machine Translation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072977
eISBN:
9780262255097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072977.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter introduces a method for taking advantage of background linguistic resources in statistical machine translation. It starts with a brief introduction to word-sequence kernels, followed by ... More


Language of the proceedings before the central division

Markus Kuczera

in Unified Patent Protection in Europe: A Commentary

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198755463
eISBN:
9780191927706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755463.003.0230
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Pursuant to Art 49(6) UPCA, the language in which a patent was granted will be the language of the proceedings before the central division. Although the UPCA does not provide for any exceptions to ... More


Electronic procedures

Winfried Tilmann

in Unified Patent Protection in Europe: A Commentary

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198755463
eISBN:
9780191927706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755463.003.0089
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The Court shall make best use of electronic procedures, such as the electronic filing of submissions of the parties and stating of evidence in electronic form, as well as video conferencing, in ... More


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