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MACHINE INTELLIGENCE

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter on machine intelligence reiterates Hawkins' viewpoint that genuine artificial intelligence can be developed only by emulating the neocortical structure of the mammalian brain. The pros ... More


Accelerating AI

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on artificial intelligence (AI). The development of machine intelligence can directly improve governance, because progress in AI can help in assessing policy consequences. More ... More


Philosophy and Mystification

Guy Robinson

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823222919
eISBN:
9780823235513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823222919.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a critical reflection on the tangles and confusions of modern Western philosophy: logical necessity, machine intelligence, the relation of science and religion, determinism, skepticism, ... More


From Mechanisms of Adaptation to Intelligence Amplifiers: The Philosophy of W. Ross Ashby

Peter M. Asaro

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter sketches an intellectual portrait of W. Ross Ashby’s thought from his earliest work on the mechanisms of intelligence in 1940 through the birth of what is now called artificial ... More


Measuring the Intelligence of Everything

José Hernández-Orallo and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0031
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue comprising seven widely diverse sections, José Hernández-Orallo, specialist in AI, reflects on a variety of topics surrounding Natural Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence (AI): ... More


Intelligence

Andrew Goffey

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the concept of computing intelligence by taking the Turing machine into consideration. It also discusses the Turing test in the research of machine intelligence and states that ... More


Sneak Preview: Past the Apparatus?

Garrett Stewart

in Cinemachines: An Essay on Media and Method

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226656564
eISBN:
9780226656878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226656878.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Moving between his illustrative practice as a filmmaker, in experimental landmarks like La Chute de maison Usher (1928), and his recently translated The Intelligence of a Machine (1946), this chapter ... More


What Did Alan Turing Mean by “Machine”?

Andrew Hodges

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter focuses on the title of Alan Turing’s unpublished 1948 report “Intelligent Machinery” to explore what Turing intended by an “intelligent machine.” Turing saw central roles for new ... More


God’s Machines: Descartes on the Mechanization of Mind

Michael Wheeler

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

In 1637 the great philosopher, mathematician, and natural scientist René Descartes (1596–1650) published one of his most important texts, Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One’s Reason ... More


Charles Babbage and the Emergence of Automated Reason

Seth Bullock

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter examines some of the historical research that has focused on Charles Babbage’s (1791–1871) early machine intelligence and its ramifications. First, it presents Babbage’s use of computing ... More


Here Be Dragons: Science, Technology and the Future of Humanity

Olle Häggström

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198723547
eISBN:
9780191790331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723547.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book challenges the widely held but oversimplified and even dangerous conception that progress in science and technology is our salvation, and the more of it, the better. The future will offer ... More


Alan Turing’s Mind Machines

Donald Michie

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0004
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter provides insights into the development of Alan Turing’s ideas and the early computers that flowed from them. It argues that Turing’s unfashionable and often resisted obsession with ... More


Future Philosophy

Paul Thagard

in Natural Philosophy: From Social Brains to Knowledge, Reality, Morality, and Beauty

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190678739
eISBN:
9780190686451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678739.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Philosophy hangs together by coherence relations tied to scientific evidence. Multilevel materialism in the philosophy of mind fits well bidirectionally with reliable coherentism in epistemology. ... More


Automata

Deborah J. Brown and Calvin G. Normore

in Descartes and the Ontology of Everyday Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198836810
eISBN:
9780191881688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836810.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Automata or “self-moving things” occupy a unique place in Descartes’ worldview. Lacking souls, their internal principle of motion must be accounted for wholly in mechanistic terms. Starting from the ... More


Return to Cognitive Science

James A. Anderson

in After Digital: Computation as Done by Brains and Machines

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199357789
eISBN:
9780190675264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357789.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Is ambiguity unavoidable? It is found in vision and everywhere in language. Semantic nets for disambiguation are realized in George Miller’s WordNet, a practical project helping disambiguate search ... More


Human-Competitive Machine Intelligence by Means of Genetic Algorithms

John R. Koza

in Perspectives on Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195162929
eISBN:
9780197562116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195162929.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

The subtitle of John Holland's pioneering 1975 book Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems correctly anticipated that the genetic algorithm described ... More


Galactic Center Two: Nigel Walmsley’s Space Odyssey

George Slusser

in Gregory Benford

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038228
eISBN:
9780252096037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038228.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter examines Nigel Walmsley's space odyssey in In the Ocean of Night and Across the Sea of Suns, which span the dates from 1999 to 2061. By the end of the first novel, Nigel has discovered a ... More


The Robot Story: Why Robots Were Born and How They Grew Up

Jana Horáková and Jozef Kelemen

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter presents a detailed account of the origins of the work of Czech journalist and writer Karel Čapek (1890–1938), tracing its roots to the dreams and folk tales of old Europe. It shows how ... More


The Future of Human Workers: Robots, Artificial Intelligence, and Human Beings

Mahesh K. Joshi and J.R. Klein

in Global Business

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827481
eISBN:
9780191866388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827481.003.0018
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

New technologies like artificial intelligence, robotics, machine intelligence, and the Internet of Things are seeing repetitive tasks move away from humans to machines. Humans cannot become machines, ... More


An Interview with Jack Cowan

Philip Husbands, Owen Holland, and Michael Wheeler

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Jack Cowan, educated at Edinburgh University, Imperial College, and MIT, is one of the pioneers of continuous approaches to neural networks and brain modeling. He has made many important ... More


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