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Neural Mechanisms of Object Recognition in Nonhuman Primates

Rufin Vogels

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews experimental work in macaque monkeys concerning the processing of visual information for object recognition. Going from the primary visual cortex, area V1, to the inferior ... More


 Task‐Switching in Human and Nonhuman Primates: Understanding Rule Encoding and Control from Behavior to Single Neurons

Gijsbert Stoet and Lawrence Snyder

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Task‐switching paradigms are ideal for studying how primates implement and apply rules. This chapter summarizes a large body of work conducted on the comparative primatology and neurophysiology of ... More


Broca’s Area in the Human and the Nonhuman Primate Brain

Michael Petrides

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins by examining the gross morphology of the inferior frontal region of the human brain within which the Broca's area lies. It then examines the architectonic areas that are occupying ... More


Reprogramming the motor cortex for functional recovery after neonatal or adult unilateral lesion of the corticospinal system in the macaque monkey

E. M. Rouiller, T. Wannier, E. Schmidlin, and Y. Liu

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes the mechanisms underlying reprogramming of the motor cortex in order to rehabilitate some motor control after a lesion affecting the central nervous system, namely the cerebral ... More


Behavioral and neural alterations following V1 damage in immature primates

Hillary R. Rodman

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes the behavioral deficits observed following lesions of the primary visual cortex in both mature and infant macaque monkeys. Overall, the consequences of such lesions are far ... More


 Exploring the Roles of the Frontal, Temporal, and Parietal Lobes in Visual Categorization

David J. Freedman

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

How does the brain recognize the meaning of sensory stimuli? Through experience with the world, individuals easily learn to group stimuli into meaningful categories, such as “chair,” “table,” and ... More


Ferrier Lecture, 1977

David H. Hubel

in Brain and Visual Perception: The Story of a 25-year Collaboration

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176186
eISBN:
9780199847013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176186.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter presents a Ferrier Lecture entitled “Functional Architecture of Macaque Monkey Visual Cortex”. The lecture considers a view of the cortex as containing a thousand sand machines of ... More


 The Neurophysiology of Abstract Response Strategies

Aldo Genovesio and Steven P. Wise

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In traditional animal learning theory, stimuli, responses, and outcomes determine an animal's behavior. But how can animals, or people, for that matter, make decisions regarding stimuli they have ... More


 Selection between Competing Responses Based on Conditional Rules

Michael Petrides

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

An important aspect of the control of behavior is the selection of appropriate action guided by learned conditional rules. This chapter reviews research showing that patients with unilateral frontal ... More


 Differential Involvement of the Prefrontal, Premotor, and Primary Motor Cortices in Rule‐Based Motor Behavior

Eiji Hoshi

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the differential involvement of multiple areas of the lateral frontal cortex in rule‐based behavior. It presents evidence obtained from physiological and anatomical studies of ... More


Cross-modal associations, intramodal associations, and object identification in macaque monkeys

Elisabeth A. Murray, Ludise Malkova, and Sonia Goulet

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter first reviews some of the attempts to investigate the phenomenon of cross-modal sensory–sensory associations in macaque monkeys. It provides a selective review of studies that have ... More


 Single Neuron Activity Underlying Behavior‐Guiding Rules

Jonathan Wallis

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A key part of goal‐directed behavior is the use of behavior‐guiding concepts and rules—an ability that is believed to have coevolved with the frontal lobe. The first part of the chapter examines the ... More


Ettlinger at Bay: can visual agnosia be explained by low-level visual impairments?

Alan Cowey, Paul Dean, and Larry Weiskrantz

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The importance of the inferior temporal neocortex in visual discrimination learning and remembering in macaque monkeys was established in the 1950s by several investigators, including George ... More


Anatomy of the Geniculo-Cortical Pathway: The Nauta Method

David H. Hubel

in Brain and Visual Perception: The Story of a 25-year Collaboration

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176186
eISBN:
9780199847013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176186.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter presents a paper entitled “Laminar and Columnar Distribution of Geniculo—Cortical Fibers in the Macaque Monkey”. This paper demonstrated the ocular dominance columns anatomically. Small ... More


Control of the monkey's hand by the motor cortex

Roger Lemon

in The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522638
eISBN:
9780191688652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522638.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The distinctive performance of the human hand, including the manufacture and use of tools, depends much more on the hand's neural control than on the mechanical arrangements of the skeleto-muscular ... More


Multiple pathways in the primate visual system

PIERRE JACOB and MARC JEANNEROD

in Ways of Seeing: The scope and limits of visual cognition

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198509219
eISBN:
9780191584909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509219.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the progressive build-up by anatomists and physiologists of the concept of multiple visual systems with specialized functions. In particular, it examines the grounds for ... More


Encoding of Binocular Depth in a Cortical Area in the Monkey

David H. Hubel

in Brain and Visual Perception: The Story of a 25-year Collaboration

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176186
eISBN:
9780199847013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176186.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter presents a paper entitled “Cells Sensitive to Binocular Depth in Area 18 of the Macaque Monkey Cortex”. Possible differences between binocular depth cells in the cat area 17 and monkey ... More


What Are the Neuronal Correlates of Consciousness?

Francis C. Crick and Christof Koch

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter attempts to discover the minimal neural mechanisms jointly sufficient for any one conscious sensation or percept, the neuronal correlates of consciousness (NCC). It raises a series of ... More


The Self and Other: A Missing Link in Comparative Social Cognition

Josep Call

in The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of self-reflective consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195161564
eISBN:
9780199848386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161564.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter is an extension of Hampton's approach of asking a monkey to respond metacognitively. It focuses on confidence judgments, which in humans are typically made verbally. It describes an ... More


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