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The Art of the Commander and the Emergence of Predictive Astronomy

Alan C. Bowen

in Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198152484
eISBN:
9780191710049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152484.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The one feature of Graeco-Latin astronomy that has been thought to qualify it as the paradigmatic science is its ability to predict where the heavenly bodies will be at any given time. Aristotle ... More


Liu Hong and the conquest of the moon

Christopher Cullen

in Heavenly Numbers: Astronomy and Authority in Early Imperial China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198733119
eISBN:
9780191797705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733119.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

In this chapter, we look at the work of Liu Hong, who emerges as the principal technical consultant involved in the later phases of the debates discussed in the last chapter, although it seems that ... More


Constructing a Cosmographical Epistemology

in Secret Science: Spanish Cosmography and the New World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226675343
eISBN:
9780226675374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226675374.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In response to his critics, Juan López de Velasco set in motion the most ambitious and successful program ever attempted during the early modern era for collecting geographical, ethnographical, and ... More


Chapter Six

Alan C. Bowen and Robert B. Todd

in Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of The Heavens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233256
eISBN:
9780520928510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233256.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter explains that the lunar eclipses are caused by the Moon falling into the Earth's shadow. The shadow of the Earth moves in direct opposition to the Sun, and is, as it were, “dragged” by ... More


Chapter Four

Alan C. Bowen and Robert B. Todd

in Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of The Heavens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233256
eISBN:
9780520928510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233256.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter shows that the Moon is illuminated neither by inherent light, nor by reflection, but by the mingling of the Sun's light with the Moon's body. Several theories concerning the illumination ... More


The Roman Calendar, 190–168 B.C.

Peter Derow, Andrew Erskine, and Josephine Crawley Quinn

in Rome, Polybius, and the East

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199640904
eISBN:
9780191804670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199640904.003.0011
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the problem of the Roman calendar between 190 and 168 BC from a strictly Roman point of view. It first considers the astronomical synchronisms, citing Livy's account of the ... More


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