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Introduction

Quentin Smith

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the different topics discussed in the subsequent chapters. These include process reliabilism, evidentialism, viral epistemology, anti-luminosity ... More


Stellar-Mass Black Holes

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines stellar-mass black holes. The empirical study of black holes began in the 1960s with the discovery of quasars and the advent of X-ray astronomy. X-ray detectors could detect ... More


The Anchoring Problem

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter deals with the essential but only recently recognized problem of anchoring in lightness perception. Previously, lightness theories had no anchoring rules and thus could predict only ... More


Why Epistemology Cannot be Operationalized

Timothy Williamson

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops analogues of the anti-luminosity considerations for probabilistic concepts in place of the concept of knowledge. Such analogues generalize the original argument and act as a ... More


INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the factors that determine the amount of solar radiation that reaches the Earth, and which primarily controls its climate. On timescales of billion years, the Sun evolves as a ... More


Judgment as a Guide to Belief

Nicholas Silins

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter investigates the way in which our conscious judgments can be a guide to our beliefs, a topic discussed by Gareth Evans, Richard Moran, Christopher Peacocke, and Alex Byrne, among others. ... More


Discrimination and Self-Knowledge

Patrick Greenough

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter shows that a variety of Cartesian Conceptions of the mental are unworkable. In particular, the chapter offers a much weaker conception of limited discrimination than the one advanced by ... More


The Sun

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses how there are four general factors that contribute to the Sun's potential role in variations in the Earth's climate. First, the fusion processes in the solar core determine the ... More


Margins for Error in Context

Denis Bonnay and Paul Egré

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Williamson's margin for error semantics for knowledge implies that knowledge cannot systematically imply knowledge of one's knowledge. Each new iteration of knowledge requires what is known to remain ... More


Second‐Order Knowledge

Adrian Haddock

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that the regress of justifications can be satisfactorily avoided by seeing the second-order knowledge of the justification involved in visual knowledge as knowledge of a ... More


Situating the Elusive Self of Advaita Vedānta 1

Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad

in Self, No Self?: Perspectives from Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199593804
eISBN:
9780191595691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593804.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter looks at the way Advaita Vedānta both affirms a unified consciousness (which might be called a self), and rejects the intuition that ‘I’ picks out that self. Its position is situated ... More


Are Mental States Luminous?

Matthias Steup

in Williamson on Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199287512
eISBN:
9780191713620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287512.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Knowledge and its Limits Timothy Williamson gives a fascinating argument against the claim that mental states or conditions are luminous. He defines luminosity as follows: ‘A condition C is ... More


Scepticism

Timothy Williamson

in Knowledge and its Limits

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256563
eISBN:
9780191598678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925656X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter analyses a leading argument for scepticism, according to which one has the same evidence in one's actual case as in a sceptical scenario in which one is deceived and therefore does not ... More


Colliders

E. J. N. Wilson

in An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198508298
eISBN:
9780191706363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508298.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The first colliders were built at Stanford and at Novosibirsk. Electrons circulated in two rings colliding where they touched. Single ring colliders circulated electrons and positrons in opposite ... More


Experimental Set-Up

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Particle physics at high energies would be impossible without powerful accelerators and high-resolution detectors. This chapter discusses the basic technological and physical principles used for ... More


Luminosity

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 11 defends the thesis that some phenomenal and epistemic conditions are luminous in the sense that you’re always in a position to know whether or not they obtain. Section 11.1 draws a ... More


Girlhood Luminosities and Topographical Politics: 17 Filles and Bande de filles

Fiona Handyside

in France in Flux: Space, Territory and Contemporary Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781786941787
eISBN:
9781789623239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941787.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

France has recently produced a series of films by female auteurs that offer a close and sympathetic engagement with girls. This chapter concentrates on two films whose titles draw attention to their ... More


Surveys of High-Redshift Galaxies

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter details the study of high-redshift galaxies. It first outlines the telescopes used for observing these galaxies: the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and its follow ups, as well as the ... More


Luminosity and the KK Thesis

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Knowledge and Conditionals: Essays on the Structure of Inquiry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198810346
eISBN:
9780191847332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810346.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A mental state is luminous if and only if being in a state of that kind always puts one in a position to know that one is in the state. This chapter is a critique of Timothy Williamson’s ... More


Reflection, Endorsement, Calibration

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Knowledge and Conditionals: Essays on the Structure of Inquiry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198810346
eISBN:
9780191847332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810346.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A discussion of van Fraassen’s reflection principle: that an agent’s current credence in a proposition should coincide with his expectation of his future credence in that proposition. It is agreed by ... More


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