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Equality and Responsibility

Christopher Lake

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

These days, arguments about distributive justice—i.e. arguments about who should get what—often centre around two ideas. One is that goods should be distributed equally. The other is that how people ... More


Choice and Incentive Inequality

Susan Hurley

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the implications of self-interest for equality in the context of the ‘luck egalitarian’ view that an individual’s wealth is justly owned only if it is the result of a responsible ... More


Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Kok-Chor Tan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a critical survey of the following three questions of egalitarian distributive justice. where does distributive equality matter? Why does it matter? And among whom does it matter? These ... More


Epistemic Luck

Duncan Pritchard

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the key supposed ‘platitudes’ of contemporary epistemology is the claim that knowledge excludes luck. One can see the attraction of such a claim, in that knowledge is something that one can ... More


Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Ulrike Heuer and Gerald Lang (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises eleven chapters which engage with, or take their point of departure from, the influential work in moral and political philosophy of Bernard Williams (1929–2003). Various themes of ... More


The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The three parts of the book comprise three distinct investigations under a common theme: enquiry into inter-relationships between issues about the nature of knowledge and issues about the value of ... More


The Egalitarian Intuition

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 5 tests the egalitarian intuition—the intuition that it is objectionable for some to be worse off than others through no fault of their own. It does this by examining how claims about the ... More


Disabilities

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critically evaluates Dworkin's use of a hypothetical insurance market scheme to illuminate the degree to which justice requires the provision of compensation to persons with significant physical or ... More


Moral Responsibility and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter begins by introducing the normative principle of responsibility, then surveys several relevant distinctions within the concept of responsibility (causal vs. moral, positive vs. negative) ... More


A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a systematic, comprehensive framework for thinking about the moral evaluation of character. Many recent attempts to stake out a place in moral philosophy for this concern define ... More


Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150438
eISBN:
9780199869091
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150430.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Explores the related topics of self‐control and personal autonomy. Self‐control is understood as the contrary of akrasia or weakness of will, and autonomy is placed in the family of metaphysical ... More


Moral Frailty and Moral Luck

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychological experiments and other empirical data seem to show that good traits of character (even if real) are frail, rather easily overcome by some types of temptation, and are dependent on social ... More


Distributive Justice

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Could a market economy produce outcomes that meet our criteria of distributive justice? Some egalitarians, such as Carens, have proposed that markets should govern production but not distribution, ... More


Equality through Time

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines Dworkin's use of the market to track how considerations of individual responsibility should affect entitlement to resources over time. Liberals should favour a responsibility sensitive ... More


Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Carl Knight and Zofia Stemplowska (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Under what conditions are people responsible for their choices and the outcomes of those choices? How could such conditions be fostered by liberal societies? Should what people are due as a matter of ... More


The Independent Moral Significance of Wrongdoing

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

A fundamental division within the theory of responsibility is between those who think that causation of a harm attempted or culpably risks increases blameworthiness, and those who think it does not. ... More


Closure and Skepticism

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers a different puzzle to the luck issue. It discusses another story and stresses that not only is knowledge not incompatible with luck, it actually requires it. It requires, in ... More


Anti‐Luck Virtue Epistemology

Duncan Pritchard

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter canvasses two master intuitions about knowledge: the ability intuition and the anti-luck intuition. It argues that a robust anti-luck epistemology, which takes the anti-luck intuition as ... More


Virtue, Luck, and Credit

Ernest Sosa

in A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a more developed defence of the account of knowledge than that offered in Chapter 2, which exploits the animal/reflective distinction towards solving traditional sceptical ... More


The Virtue of Testimonial Justice

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an initial account of a virtue to counteract the ever-present risk of doing testimonial injustices: the virtue of testimonial justice. The hearer who possesses this virtue ... More


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