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That’s the way the money goes: expenditure patterns as real incomes rise for the poorest families with children

Paul Gregg, Jane Waldfogel, and Elizabeth Washbrook

in A more equal society?: New Labour, poverty, inequality and exclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345783
eISBN:
9781447301394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345783.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the changes in the expenditure patterns and access to specific goods and services from 1997 to 2001, as incomes rose in response to benefit changes and employment shocks. The ... More


Low-Income Parents of Preschool Children: Financial Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors, and Ownership

Deborah D. Adams and Sondra G. Beverly

in Financial Capability and Asset Development: Research, Education, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199755950
eISBN:
9780199332526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755950.003.0031
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter presents a financial profile of low-income parents who have pre-school children. The families who participated in the study were facing a number of significant economic barriers at the ... More


Family

Morag C. Treanor

in Child Poverty: Aspiring to Survive

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447334668
eISBN:
9781447334712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334668.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Chapter three takes a critically informed look at the role of families, and children’s position within families, in understanding child poverty and disadvantage. It looks at the role of social ... More


The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Distribution of Incomes

David Neumark and William L. Wascher

in Minimum Wages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262141024
eISBN:
9780262280563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141024.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the effects of the minimum wage on the distribution of family incomes. It first considers the relationship between low-wage workers and low-income families, and then discusses ... More


Gender, care, poverty and transitions

Gill Scott and Sue Innes

in Families in society: Boundaries and relationships

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346438
eISBN:
9781447302292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346438.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter presents data from a study on women who are seeking to move into training, education and employment after a period of parenting or unemployment. The women in this study kept care diaries ... More


Child Care Subsidy Programs

David M. Blau

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Child care and early education subsidies for low-income families make up a relatively small but growing share of the portfolio of government means-tested transfer programs in the United States. The ... More


Life Chances: thinking with art to generate new understandings of low-income situations

Debbie Watson, Sue Cohen, Nathan Evans, Marilyn Howard, Moestak Hussein, Sophie Mellor, Angela Piccini, and Simon Poulter

in Imagining Regulation Differently: Co-creating for Engagement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447348016
eISBN:
9781447348061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348016.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores how contemporary social practice art materialises interactions between regulatory regimes and low-income families with children and enables disruptions of regulatory regimes in ... More


A Path to Work

Nicole P. Marwell

in Bargaining for Brooklyn: Community Organizations in the Entrepreneurial City

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226509068
eISBN:
9780226509082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509082.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

In a world where meeting the twin responsibilities of making money and discharging domestic duties has become considerably more complex than in the past, community-based organizations (CBOs) form a ... More


Housing Programs for Low-Income Households

Edgar O. Olsen

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews the complex mix of housing programs for low-income families in the United States. The objectives of the study are to (a) consider the arguments that have been offered for housing ... More


Fighting Poverty: Lessons from Recent U.S. History

Rebecca M. Blank

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0030
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses important behavioral changes in low-income families in the 1990s and investigates the role of both the macroeconomy and policy in producing these outcomes. The chapter ... More


How We Fail Our Children Part II—Young Children from Poor and Low-Income Families

Maxine Eichner

in The Free-Market Family: How the Market Crushed the American Dream (and How It Can Be Restored)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190055479
eISBN:
9780190055509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055479.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Free-market family policy puts most American families in a difficult position when it comes to the trade-off between earning income to support a family and making sure young children get the ... More


Child Support: Interactions between Private and Public Transfers

Robert I. Lerman and Elaine Sorensen

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter, which examines child support policies, especially the activities of the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) Program, and how they interact with transfer policies and affect the low-income ... More


Conclusion: Family Inequality and the Limits of Skills

Jennifer M. Randles

in Proposing Prosperity?: Marriage Education Policy and Inequality in America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231170307
eISBN:
9780231543170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170307.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

In this concluding chapter, I describe the benefits and limitations of healthy marriage programs for low-income families. Publicly sponsored relationship education could be a valuable social service ... More


Child Poverty: Aspiring to Survive

Morag C. Treanor

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447334668
eISBN:
9781447334712
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334668.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Child poverty is rising across affluent western societies and how it is measured is vital to how governments act to prevent, alleviate or eliminate it. While the roots of childhood poverty are ... More


City survival within precarious communities – who pays the price of change?

Anne Power

in City survivors: Bringing up children in disadvantaged neighbourhoods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420503
eISBN:
9781447301875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420503.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter explores the gap between what families need and how city structures support their inhabitants. It notes that in theory at least, city governments try to equalise conditions on the ... More


Generating a Market in Children

Kimberly D. McKee

in Disrupting Kinship: Transnational Politics of Korean Adoption in the United States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780252042287
eISBN:
9780252051128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042287.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter explores the transnational adoption industrial complex’s origins, paying careful attention to South Korea’s lack of support for unwed mothers and low-income families and the ... More


Healthy Homes

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0065
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter looks at how 16 million American children live in poverty, putting them at risk for delayed development, disease, and poor educational outcomes. The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a ... More


Demystifying the Rising Poverty Rate

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0038
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The widespread perception of a spectacular rise in poverty rates in the past decade or so is not substantiated. The evidence shows that the economically active household poverty rate has risen ... More


School- and Neighborhood-Based Interventions to Improve the Lives of Disadvantaged Children

Robert Crosnoe and Tama Leventhal

in Societal Contexts of Child Development: Pathways of Influence and Implications for Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199943913
eISBN:
9780199354689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199943913.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Schools and neighborhoods are key ecological contexts of childhood and adolescence that have been targeted by large-scale policy intervention. Such intervention, however, has a mixed history. This ... More


Work Incentives and ‘In‐Work’ Benefit Reforms: A Review

Richard Blundell, Mike Brewer, and Marco Francesconi

in Labor Supply and Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198749806
eISBN:
9780191814082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749806.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter considers some of the issues surrounding the effectiveness of in-work benefit reforms, which are designed to reduce poverty and promote employment among low-income families. It argues ... More


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