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Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Suresh Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book analyses the background and context of the reforms since 1991, while tracing the remarkable transformation of India from a slow-growing economy to one of the fastest in the world. It ... More


Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book outlines the key aspects and issues concerning health systems of low- and middle-income countries, recognizing the current global context within which these systems operate and the dynamics ... More


Redistribution toward Low Incomes in Richer Countries

Emmanuel Saez

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay presents a critical overview of the findings of economic research on the problem of redistribution toward low incomes in developed countries. The discussion is organized as follows. The ... More


Taxes

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Tax rates and tax structures differ markedly across the rich countries, and play a key role in reducing inequality but may also reduce employment. This chapter addresses the following questions: do ... More


The Price of Rights: Regulating International Labor Migration

Martin Ruhs

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691132914
eISBN:
9781400848607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691132914.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Many low-income countries and development organizations are calling for greater liberalization of labor immigration policies in high-income countries. At the same time, human rights organizations and ... More


Migration, Mujercitas, and Medicine Men: Living in Urban Mexico

Valentina Napolitano

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520233188
eISBN:
9780520928473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233188.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book explores issues of migration, medicine, religion, and gender in this analysis of everyday practices of urban living in Guadalajara, Mexico. Drawing on fieldwork over a ten-year period, it ... More


Beating the Odds: Jump-Starting Developing Countries

Justin Yifu Lin and Célestin Monga

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691192338
eISBN:
9781400884681
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192338.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Countries that ignite a process of rapid economic growth almost always do so while lacking what experts say are the essential preconditions for development, such as good infrastructure and ... More


Climbing Mount Laurel: The Struggle for Affordable Housing and Social Mobility in an American Suburb

Douglas S. Massey, Len Albright, Rebecca Casciano, Elizabeth Derickson, and David N. Kinsey

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196138
eISBN:
9781400846047
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196138.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

Under the New Jersey State Constitution as interpreted by the State Supreme Court in 1975 and 1983, municipalities are required to use their zoning authority to create realistic opportunities for a ... More


Other Challenges: Cost, Online Competition, Contentious Speech

Steven Brint

in Two Cheers for Higher Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182667
eISBN:
9780691184890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182667.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This chapter discusses other major challenges to the U.S. higher education system: rising costs, online competition, and controversies over permissible speech. These challenges can be interpreted as ... More


The Welfare System: Interaction Between Officials and Clients

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

Welfare assistance reflects a crucial aspect of low-income life: interaction with government institutions. Attitudes and roles fostered by the public assistance program indicate the constraining ... More


The Welfare System: Regulations and the Life of a Welfare Recipient

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines the problems and attitudes which welfare regulations generated among clients. Bureaucratic delay, combined with stringent regulations, shaped the behavior of clients. Such ... More


Cooperation and Conflict in a Block Association

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter describes the history, activities, and problems of the Norman Street Block Association, which was but one attempt by residents of Norman Street to influence their environment. In three ... More


Thrift in the Other America

Wilson Brissett

in Thrift and Thriving in America: Capitalism and Moral Order from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769063
eISBN:
9780199896851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769063.003.0020
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter takes a look at thrift among low-income populations today, analyzing institutions that support and discourage thrift among the poor. Personal savings itself is institutionally arranged ... More


Big Bills Left on the Sidewalk: Why Some Nations Are Rich, and Others Poor

Mancur Olson

in A Not-so-dismal Science: A Broader View of Economies and Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294900
eISBN:
9780191596728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294905.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The idea is advanced that it is the rationality of individuals in societies that makes them achieve their production potential rather than their per capita productive resources, and that the ... More


Life After PRWORA: The Involvement of African American Fathers With Welfare-Reliant Children and the Child Support Enforcement System

David J. Pate

in Social Work With African American Males: Health, Mental Health, and Social Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195314366
eISBN:
9780199865567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314366.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Health and Mental Health

Since the 1960s, fathers for children on welfare have been described in various ways. They have been described as “absent” and more recently as “deadbeat dads” for not contributing to the family ... More


Family futures: Childhood and poverty in urban neighbourhoods

Anne Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429728
eISBN:
9781447302315
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429728.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Family life in areas of concentrated poverty and social problems is undermined by surrounding conditions. This book is based on a longitudinal study of over 200 families interviewed annually over the ... More


Introduction

Yujiro Hayami and Yoshihisa Godo

in Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199272709
eISBN:
9780191602870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272700.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main issues of the book are discussed. The main focus is the development of low-income economies towards catching up with high-income economies, which includes discussion on the major cultural ... More


Working-Class Network Society: Communication Technology and the Information Have-Less in Urban China

Jack Linchuan Qiu

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170062
eISBN:
9780262255073
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170062.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

The idea of the “digital divide,” the great social division between information haves and have-nots, has dominated policy debates and scholarly analysis since the 1990s. This book describes a more ... More


The Mechanics of Failure and the Secrets of Success

Justin Yifu Lin and Célestin Monga

in Beating the Odds: Jump-Starting Developing Countries

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691192338
eISBN:
9781400884681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192338.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter analyzes the mechanics of failure and the secrets of economic success. Cesar Luis Menotti's strategy's main ingredients could serve as a metaphor for the basic argument in the chapter: ... More


Demystifying the Rising Poverty Rate

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0038
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The widespread perception of a spectacular rise in poverty rates in the past decade or so is not substantiated. The evidence shows that the economically active household poverty rate has risen ... More


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