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The Structural Bases of Postindustrial Employment

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It is argued that there are compelling reasons why we should be heading towards a fundamental incompatibility between the cherished goal of equality and the equally cherished goal of full employment. ... More


Work, Worklessness, and the Political Economy of Health

Clare Bambra

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199588299
eISBN:
9780191731372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588299.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

We are told that ‘work is good for us’ and that ill-health is caused by ‘individual lifestyles’. Drawing on research from public health, social policy, epidemiology, geography, and political science, ... More


Education, Employment, and Unemployment

Tony Atkinson, Bea Cantillon, Eric Marlier, and Brian Nolan

in Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253494
eISBN:
9780191595882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253498.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Examines the fields of education, employment, and unemployment. It starts from the social indicators on low education, joblessness, long‐term unemployment and regional disparities proposed by the ... More


Whatever Works: Dualization and the Service Economy in Bismarckian Welfare States

Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx

in The Age of Dualization: The Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797899
eISBN:
9780199933488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The chapter compares employment structures in five Continental European welfare states, with a focus on private services. Despite a common trend to overcome institutional employment barriers by ... More


Netherlands

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Netherlands and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that the overall distribution of earnings in the Netherlands was fairly stable from ... More


Women's labour market situation: myths, puzzles and problems

Sue Yeandle, Cinnamon Bennett, Lisa Buckner, Karen Escott, and Linda Grant

in Policy for a change: Local labour market analysis and gender equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420541
eISBN:
9781447302988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420541.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter sets out some of the ‘myths, puzzles, and problems’ that need to be explored and examined if progress is to be made in tackling some of the most resistant barriers to gender equality in ... More


Negotiating Better Conditions for Workers during Austerity in Europe: Unions’ Local Strategies towards Low Pay and Outsourcing in Local Government

Damian Grimshaw, Stefania Marino, Dominique Anxo, Jérôme Gautié, László Neumann, and Claudia Weinkopf

in Reconstructing Solidarity: Labour Unions, Precarious Work, and the Politics of Institutional Change in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198791843
eISBN:
9780191834110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791843.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter compares union actions affecting local government workers during a period of austerity across five European countries: France, Germany, Hungary, Sweden, and the UK. These five countries ... More


Assessing the drivers of corruption within the Afghan police force

Danny Singh

in Investigating Corruption in the Afghan Police Force: Instability and Insecurity in Post-conflict Societies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447354666
eISBN:
9781447354673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447354666.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter is main analysis data. It specifically presents the empirical data collected in the field which includes interview responses on the problems with security sector reform, police reform, ... More


Is welfare-to-work working? Relationships with work over time

Ruth Patrick

in For Whose Benefit?: The Everyday Realities of Welfare Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447333463
eISBN:
9781447333517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447333463.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores experiences of paid employment, and in particular the employment journeys of participants during the time of the research. This is contextualised by a discussion of their ... More


Poverty and insecurity: Life in low-pay, no-pay Britain

Tracy Shildrick, Robert MacDonald, and Colin Webster

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781847429117
eISBN:
9781447307907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429117.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This book is about the lives of individuals and families living in or near poverty – despite their enduring commitment to work and repeated engagement with jobs. It uncovers first-hand the realities ... More


Low-paid Care Work, Bargaining, and Employee Voice in Australia

Rae Cooper

in Voices at Work: Continuity and Change in the Common Law World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199683130
eISBN:
9780191763199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683130.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Company and Commercial Law

The Low-Paid bargaining stream was a novel part of the Australian Labor government’s Fair Work Act 2009, and it represented one of the few instances where multi-employer bargaining was permitted ... More


Improving job quality in low-paid jobs: care workers in the US

Eileen Appelbaum and Carrie Leana

in The squeezed middle: The pressure on ordinary workers in America and Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447308942
eISBN:
9781447310822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308942.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter argues for concrete policies that raise wages, improve working conditions, and provide opportunities for career mobility in the low paid service sectors of the economy that are set to ... More


Boosting the pay packets of low-to middle-income families

Daniel P. Gitterman

in The squeezed middle: The pressure on ordinary workers in America and Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447308942
eISBN:
9781447310822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308942.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Although opportunities to move up the earnings ladder through work are important, mobility is limited. In this context, the redistribution of incomes between households is likely to remain important. ... More


‘What unemployment means’ three decades and two recessions later

Adrian Sinfield

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The section begins with Adrian Sinfield's exploration of ‘what unemployment means’. In 1981, when Sinfield's book of this title was first published, the UK was in the early stages of a massive ... More


Women, families and the ‘Great Recession’ in the UK

Susan Harkness

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0015
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In the final chapter, the focus returns to the UK and the gender impact of the current recession. All the preceding chapters have drawn attention to gender divisions in both unemployment and ... More


Social security policies in 2005

Paul Dornan

in Social Policy Review 18: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2006

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348449
eISBN:
9781447303459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348449.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines developments in social security policy in 2005. It discusses the continuation of the government's primary focus on reducing poverty through paid work, supplemented with ... More


Education and training: the broken promise

Alan France

in Understanding youth in the global economic crisis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447315759
eISBN:
9781447331742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447315759.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter outlines international trends in the growth of education and training. This analysis shows that these trends are not new but also indicates that, after the economic crisis, the level of ... More


Lost in the Crowd

Jeremias Prassl

in Humans as a Service: The Promise and Perils of Work in the Gig Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198797012
eISBN:
9780191859458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797012.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter explores the gig economy’s entrepreneurship narrative, juxtaposing platforms’ promises of autonomy, freedom, and self-determination with the sobering reality of algorithmic control. Life ... More


Economic Integration: Mobility, Labor Niches, and Low-End Jobs

Rafael Alarcón, Luis Escala, and Olga Odgers

in Making Los Angeles Home: The Integration of Mexican Immigrants in the United States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520284852
eISBN:
9780520960527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284852.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter describes the economic integration of Zacatecans, Oaxacans, and Veracruzans in metropolitan Los Angeles. In spite of the solid regional economy of the 1960s and 1970s, the Zacatecan men ... More


Employment change and economic vulnerability in the us

Françoise Carré and James Heintz

in The squeezed middle: The pressure on ordinary workers in America and Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447308942
eISBN:
9781447310822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447308942.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the rise of non-standard forms of employment since the 1980s. The authors describe how non-standard employment produces economic vulnerability in a variety of ways: low and ... More


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