Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 249 items

  • Keywords: low income x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Redistribution toward Low Incomes in Richer Countries

Emmanuel Saez

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay presents a critical overview of the findings of economic research on the problem of redistribution toward low incomes in developed countries. The discussion is organized as follows. The ... More


Taxes

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Tax rates and tax structures differ markedly across the rich countries, and play a key role in reducing inequality but may also reduce employment. This chapter addresses the following questions: do ... More


Raise the Floor

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

One of the principal goals of antipoverty efforts should be to improve the absolute living standards of the least well-off. This book aims to enhance our understanding of how to do that.


Growth Is Good for the Poor, If Social Policy Passes It On

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Economic growth has been good for the poor in the world’s rich nations since the 1970s. But not always. Some countries have experienced lengthy periods of economic growth with little or no rise in ... More


Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book outlines the key aspects and issues concerning health systems of low- and middle-income countries, recognizing the current global context within which these systems operate and the dynamics ... More


Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Suresh Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book analyses the background and context of the reforms since 1991, while tracing the remarkable transformation of India from a slow-growing economy to one of the fastest in the world. It ... More


Counting the Poor: New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States

Douglas J. Besharov and Kenneth A. Couch (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860586
eISBN:
9780199932948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

The poverty rate is one of the most visible ways in which nations measure the economic well-being of their low-income citizens. To gauge whether a person is poor, European states often focus on a ... More


Big Bills Left on the Sidewalk: Why Some Nations Are Rich, and Others Poor

Mancur Olson

in A Not-so-dismal Science: A Broader View of Economies and Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294900
eISBN:
9780191596728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294905.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The idea is advanced that it is the rationality of individuals in societies that makes them achieve their production potential rather than their per capita productive resources, and that the ... More


The Role of the IMF in Low‐Income Countries: An Institutional Approach

Domenico Lombardi

in Finance, Development, and the IMF

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239863
eISBN:
9780191716805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239863.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter elaborates on the role of the IMF in support of its low-income members, pointing to the global character of the institution and to its superior ability — due to the multilateral nature — ... More


Other Challenges: Cost, Online Competition, Contentious Speech

Steven Brint

in Two Cheers for Higher Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182667
eISBN:
9780691184890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182667.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This chapter discusses other major challenges to the U.S. higher education system: rising costs, online competition, and controversies over permissible speech. These challenges can be interpreted as ... More


Thrift in the Other America

Wilson Brissett

in Thrift and Thriving in America: Capitalism and Moral Order from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769063
eISBN:
9780199896851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769063.003.0020
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter takes a look at thrift among low-income populations today, analyzing institutions that support and discourage thrift among the poor. Personal savings itself is institutionally arranged ... More


Introduction

Yujiro Hayami and Yoshihisa Godo

in Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199272709
eISBN:
9780191602870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272700.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main issues of the book are discussed. The main focus is the development of low-income economies towards catching up with high-income economies, which includes discussion on the major cultural ... More


That’s the way the money goes: expenditure patterns as real incomes rise for the poorest families with children

Paul Gregg, Jane Waldfogel, and Elizabeth Washbrook

in A more equal society?: New Labour, poverty, inequality and exclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345783
eISBN:
9781447301394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345783.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the changes in the expenditure patterns and access to specific goods and services from 1997 to 2001, as incomes rose in response to benefit changes and employment shocks. The ... More


Income Indicators for the EU’s Social Inclusion Strategy

Isabelle Maquet and David Stanton

in Counting the Poor: New Thinking About European Poverty Measures and Lessons for the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860586
eISBN:
9780199932948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860586.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter focuses on the income indicators used in the social inclusion strategy used by the European Union (EU). It considers the strength of the way in which we measure poverty and make use of ... More


The Welfare System: Interaction Between Officials and Clients

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

Welfare assistance reflects a crucial aspect of low-income life: interaction with government institutions. Attitudes and roles fostered by the public assistance program indicate the constraining ... More


The Role of the IMF in Low‐Income Countries

James M. Boughton and Domenico Lombardi

in Finance, Development, and the IMF

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239863
eISBN:
9780191716805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239863.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Most of the academic discussion of IMF lending in recent years has focused on the Fund's response to financial crises in middle-income countries with emerging market economies. A large portion of the ... More


Life After PRWORA: The Involvement of African American Fathers With Welfare-Reliant Children and the Child Support Enforcement System

David J. Pate

in Social Work With African American Males: Health, Mental Health, and Social Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195314366
eISBN:
9780199865567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314366.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Health and Mental Health

Since the 1960s, fathers for children on welfare have been described in various ways. They have been described as “absent” and more recently as “deadbeat dads” for not contributing to the family ... More


Economic Vulnerability and Multiple Deprivation: Welfare State and Social Class Variation

Brian Nolan and Christopher T. Whelan

in Poverty and Deprivation in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199588435
eISBN:
9780191731327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588435.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores further the possibilities afforded by the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions data set to implement a multidimensional approach to the measurement of ... More


Financial Aid Policy

Robert B. Archibald and David H. Feldman

in Why Does College Cost So Much?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744503
eISBN:
9780199866168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744503.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Despite ample evidence that changes in net tuition do affect the college going decisions of students, there is scant evidence that increases in federal need-based financial aid actually have ... More


Low-Income Housing Policy

Robert Collinson, Ingrid Gould Ellen, and Jens Ludwig

in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States, Volume II

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226392493
eISBN:
9780226392523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226392523.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The United States government devotes about $40 billion each year to means-tested housing programs, plus another $6 billion or so in tax expenditures on the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC). What ... More


View: