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Health Statistics and Knowledge Creation

Daniel J. Friedman, R. Gibson Parrish II, Adil Moiduddin, and Alana E. Ketchel

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the ways in which raw data are translated into useful health information and, in turn, into knowledge that can be disseminated and used for a various purposes in advancing the ... More


A life course approach to diabetes

Nita Forouhi, Elizabeth Hall, and Paul McKeigue

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews evidence that the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adult life may be set by factors operating early in the life course of an individual. There is consistent evidence ... More


Odds Ratio and Relative Risk: Odds Ratio

Steve Selvin

in Epidemiologic Analysis: A Case-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146189
eISBN:
9780199864720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146189.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a two-part study. The first part examines the relationship between exposure to maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy and the risk of a low birth weight infant among four ... More


Poisson Regression

Steve Selvin

in Epidemiologic Analysis: A Case-Oriented Approach

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146189
eISBN:
9780199864720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146189.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a two-part study. The first part describes and compares the incidence of brain cancer in males and females, adjusted for the differences in the age distributions in the ... More


Innovations for High-Risk Infants 1

LYNN T. SINGER, SONIA MINNES, and ROBERT E. ARENDT

in Innovations in Practice and Service Delivery Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195111552
eISBN:
9780199865734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111552.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter presents an overview of current interventions aimed at addressing the needs of three groups of high-risk infants: infants born after fetal exposure to maternal substance abuse, infants ... More


Nutrition-Based Approaches to Early Childhood Development

Aisha K. Yousafzai, Mohammad Y. Yakoob, and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Undernutrition during pregnancy and early childhood is a major public health issue in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for 35% of all child deaths. For every child who survives, ... More


The Rotterdam C-chart: visual acuity and interocular acuity differences in very low birth weight and/or very prematurely born children at the age of 5 years

J. van Hof-van Duin and J. W. R. Pott

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

It is generally accepted that children born very prematurely or with a very low birth weight (VLBW; 〈1500 g) are at risk for visual impairment, at least during the first few years after birth. ... More


The role of health professionals

Kelley DeVane Hart and Bonnie A. Spear

in Childhood Obesity Prevention: International Research, Controversies and Interventions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572915
eISBN:
9780191595110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The past decade has witnessed a phenomenal increase in the awareness and concerns over childhood obesity prevention and intervention. Many view the health care provider as ‘jumping onboard’ too ... More


Inequity Embodied: Race, Gender, and Class in African American Pregnancy

Tyan Parker Dominguez

in Women's Journey to Empowerment in the 21st Century: A Transnational Feminist Analysis of Women's Lives in Modern Times

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190927097
eISBN:
9780190927127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190927097.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice, Communities and Organizations

This chapter examines African American women’s disproportionate risk of low birth weight, preterm delivery, and infant and maternal mortality, and the ways in which race, gender, and class oppression ... More


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