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Occupying Armies and Civilian Populations in Nineteenth‐Century Europe

Karma Nabulsi

in Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294078
eISBN:
9780191599972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294077.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the second of three chapters that set out the differing contexts through which the dilemma in the laws of war over the distinction between lawful and unlawful combatants can be viewed: ... More


The Black Uprising after King's Assassination in 1968

Janet L. Abu-Lughod

in Race, Space, and Riots in Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195328752
eISBN:
9780199944057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328752.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

One might use the military phrase “low-intensity war” to describe the interim period between the mid-1950s and mid-1960s in Chicago, during which there were forays and retreats but few confrontations ... More


The Watts Riot of 1965—the Beginning or the End?

Janet L. Abu-Lughod

in Race, Space, and Riots in Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195328752
eISBN:
9780199944057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328752.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

The Watts riot was neither the beginning nor would it be the end of interracial violence in Los Angeles. Racial and ethnic tensions have churned beneath the surface in multiracial Los Angeles ever ... More


Francs, Banks, and Gold: Britain and the Swiss Financial Market

NEVILLE WYLIE

in Britain, Switzerland, and the Second World War

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206903
eISBN:
9780191717338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206903.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, European Modern History

This chapter examines British and U.S. efforts to put a stop to Swiss purchases of German gold and limit the financial and technical support given to its enemies by the Swiss banking sector. In both ... More


Prohibiting Plunder: How Norms Change

Wayne Sandholtz

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195337235
eISBN:
9780199868391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337235.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

For much of history, the rules of war decreed that “to the victor go the spoils”. The winners in warfare routinely seized for themselves the artistic and cultural treasures of the defeated; plunder ... More


Baghdad and Beyond

Wayne Sandholtz

in Prohibiting Plunder: How Norms Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195337235
eISBN:
9780199868391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337235.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter focuses on how the looting of the Iraqi National Museum, following the arrival of US troops in Baghdad in 2003, triggered another cycle of norm development. The almost universal ... More


Introduction

in The Rape of Mesopotamia: Behind the Looting of the Iraq Museum

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226729459
eISBN:
9780226729435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226729435.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the looting of the Iraq National Museum during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. It suggests that the looting of the museum in April 2003 was ... More


“Camelot Is Dead”: The Newark Riots and the Closing of St. Benedict' Prep, 1967–1972

Thomas A. McCabe

in Miracle on High Street: The Rise, Fall and Resurrection of St. Benedict's Prep in Newark, N.J.

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823233106
eISBN:
9780823234950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823233106.003.0009
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter provides an account of the Newark riots that took place on July 4 1967 and July 12 1967, and the closing of St. Benedict's. In 1967, several neighborhood men tried ... More


From Arrow Cross Rule to Soviet Occupation

Deborah S. Cornelius

in Hungary in World War II: Caught in the Cauldron

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233434
eISBN:
9780823241767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233434.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

The failed armistice and ensuing Arrow Cross rule was a catastrophe for Hungary, prolonging the war for five agonizing months. The Szálasi administration governed only western Hungary, while the ... More


Cultural Heritage Protection in Iraq before 2003: The Long View

in The Rape of Mesopotamia: Behind the Looting of the Iraq Museum

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226729459
eISBN:
9780226729435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226729435.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter discusses the protection of cultural heritage in Iraq before the 2003 invasion. The first indigenous anti-looting efforts stemmed from sheer greed, and laws were passed during the ... More


The Center Cannot Hold: The Decline and Collapse of the Julfan Trade Network

Sebouh David Aslanian

in From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266872
eISBN:
9780520947573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266872.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores the decline and collapse of the Julfan trade network. It argues that the Julfan network collapsed in the decades following 1747 when the suburb was extensively looted and ... More


Afghanistan's Cultural Heritage An Exceptional Case?

Neil Brodie, Morag M. Kersel, and Kathryn Walker Tubb

in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029726
eISBN:
9780813039145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029726.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This chapter reports several aspects of archaeological, legal, ethical, and political debates of Afghanistan's cultural heritage. It starts by summarizing Afghanistan's intriguing history. It also ... More


Archaeological Looting and Economic Justice

Neil Brodie

in Cultural Heritage Management: A Global Perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034607
eISBN:
9780813039510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034607.003.0021
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

Illegal and destructive trade of archaeological heritage is a well-documented phenomenon as described in this chapter. It leads to economic loss and cultural dislocation for the dispossessed ... More


The Summer of Unrest: 1964

ALLEN JONES and Mark Naison

in The Rat That Got Away: A Bronx Memoir

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823231027
eISBN:
9780823240821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823231027.003.0012
Subject:
History, Social History

The summer of 1964 was a not a safe or a peaceful one. To say that the situation was getting deep would be an understatement. In all the big cities of America, black people were taking to the ... More


A Model Investigative Protocol for Looting and Anti-Looting Educational Program

Neil Brodie, Morag M. Kersel, and Kathryn Walker Tubb

in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029726
eISBN:
9780813039145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029726.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This chapter proposes a two-pronged strategy of law enforcement and public engagement that is particularly suited to discouraging or even eliminating archaeological looting in certain countries. It ... More


The Plunder of the Ulúa Valley, Honduras, and a Market Analysis For Its Antiquities

Neil Brodie, Morag M. Kersel, and Kathryn Walker Tubb

in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029726
eISBN:
9780813039145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029726.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This chapter emphasizes the commodifying effects of display. It specifically reveals that sales of Ulúa-style marble vases from Honduras increased after an exhibition of vases in 1992 at the Houston ... More


Looting Lydia the Destruction of an Archaeological Landscape in Western Turkey

Neil Brodie, Morag M. Kersel, and Kathryn Walker Tubb

in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029726
eISBN:
9780813039145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029726.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This chapter reports a survey of burial tumuli in the Güre-Uşak region of western Turkey, where the Lydian Hoard was discovered, famous—or infamous—because of its acquisition by the Metropolitan ... More


The Nanking Incident of 1927

William Reynolds Braisted

in Diplomats in Blue: U.S. Naval Officers in China, 1922-1933

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032887
eISBN:
9780813038223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032887.003.0009
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the 1927 incidents at the major lower Yangtze Valley city of Nanking following the Nationalist occupation of the Chinese sections of Shanghai. The first alert came on March 24 ... More


Stealing Home: Looting, Restitution, and Reconstructing Jewish Lives in France, 1942-1947

Shannon L. Fogg

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198787129
eISBN:
9780191829192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787129.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

Between 1942 and 1944, the Germans sealed and completely emptied at least 38,000 Parisian apartments. The majority of the furnishings and other household items came from “abandoned” Jewish apartments ... More


Illicit Trade in Antiquities: A View ‘From the Ground’

Laurie W. Rush

in Enforcing International Cultural Heritage Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680245
eISBN:
9780191760174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680245.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers the various methods for preventing and combating the looting of archaeological sites and illicit traffic in antiquities. It examines models of legislation, physical protection, ... More


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