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Shaping the Day: A History of Timekeeping in England and Wales 1300-1800

Paul Glennie and Nigel Thrift

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278206
eISBN:
9780191699979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278206.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Social History

Timekeeping is an essential activity in the modern world, and we take it for granted that our lives are shaped by the hours of the day. This book is a study of the practice of timekeeping in England ... More


Clocks from Nowhere? John Harrison in Context

Paul Glennie and Nigel Thrift

in Shaping the Day: A History of Timekeeping in England and Wales 1300-1800

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278206
eISBN:
9780191699979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278206.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, Social History

This chapter focuses on how John Harrison — the lead character in Dava Sobel's Longitude — was brought up as a child and how this affected his clockmaking in order to better understand the major role ... More


Geographical axis effects in large-scale linguistic distributions

Tom Güldemann and Harald Hammarström

in Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198723813
eISBN:
9780191791154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723813.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Taking up Diamond’s (1999) geographical axis hypothesis regarding the different population histories of continental areas, Güldemann (2008, 2010) proposed that macro-areal aggregations of linguistic ... More


Time Restored: The Harrison timekeepers and R.T. Gould, the man who knew (almost) everything

Jonathan Betts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198568025
eISBN:
9780191718144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568025.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This is the story of Rupert T. Gould (1890-1948), the polymath and horologist. A remarkable man, Lt Cmdr Gould made important contributions in an extraordinary range of subject areas throughout his ... More


Globalization and the Urban Poor

Janice E. Perlman

in The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America, and Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584758
eISBN:
9780191594533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584758.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The focus of this chapter is the effect of contemporary globalization on poverty and inequality in cities of the ‘global south’. Specifically it addresses the impact of globalization on marginalized ... More


Marine Chronometers at Greenwich: A Catalogue of Marine Chronometers at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich

Jonathan Betts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780199641383
eISBN:
9780191845604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199641383.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This is a comprehensive, illustrated catalogue of the 200+ marine chronometers in the collections of Royal Museums Greenwich. Every chronometer has been completely dismantled, studied and recorded, ... More


An Observator and His Instrument

Kelly Joan Whitmer

in The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter tells the story of a skilled Observator and agent abroad for the Halle Orphanage named Christoph Eberhard. While in close contact with Francke, he travelled to Denmark, England and ... More


Service to Government and the Royal Society: 1803–1820

Melvyn C. Usselman

in Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226245737
eISBN:
9780226245874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226245874.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes several of Wollaston’s contributions to government committees and the Royal Society. In 1803 he was appointed to a committee that was to recommend to the Excise Office the best ... More


Establishing Astronomy

David Clarke

in Reflections on the Astronomy of Glasgow: A story of some 500 years

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748678891
eISBN:
9780748689286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Following Sinclair's bequests and gifts of equipment to the University, the Professors Dick (father and son) advanced astronomy teaching in the early 18th century. Dick Jnr continued to purchase ... More


The Early Nineteenth Century

David Clarke

in Reflections on the Astronomy of Glasgow: A story of some 500 years

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748678891
eISBN:
9780748689286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter covers a fairly stagnant period for science within the University. Following Patrick Wilson's resignation, William Meikleham was appointed as 3rd Regius Professor of Astronomy, but four ... More


When Is Now?: Poe’s Aesthetics of Temporality

Cindy Weinstein

in American Literature's Aesthetic Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156172
eISBN:
9780231520775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156172.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter presents a close reading of Edgar Allan Poe's The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym that combines narrative theory, history of science, and Poe's racial politics. It begins by identifying ... More


And Below

in Abysmal: A Critique of Cartographic Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226629308
eISBN:
9780226629322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226629322.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Points and lines were the stellar guides not only of the Babylonians but eventually also of Pytheas from Massalia (presently Marseilles), the Greek traveler who some time before 320 BCE left his home ... More


Aiming Guns, Recording Land, and Stitching Map to Territory: The Invention of Cartographic Grid Systems, 1914–1939

William Rankin

in After the Map: Cartography, Navigation, and the Transformation of Territory in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226339368
eISBN:
9780226339535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226339535.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Artillery in World War I was guided by the new cartographic technology of “map firing,” which required a rectangular mesh of evenly-spaced lines to be drawn on the maps used in the trenches. These ... More


Geodesy, Cartography, and Time Measurement

Yulia Frumer

in Making Time: Astronomical Time Measurement in Tokugawa Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226516448
eISBN:
9780226524719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226524719.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Focusing on the mapping project undertaken by Inō Tadataka at the beginning of the nineteenth century, Chapter 4 shows how new approaches to thinking about the measurement of time were translated ... More


Navigation and Global Time

Yulia Frumer

in Making Time: Astronomical Time Measurement in Tokugawa Japan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226516448
eISBN:
9780226524719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226524719.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 5 shows how astronomical concepts of time measurement encouraged navigational aspirations during a period when open-sea voyages were forbidden. It also shows how one particular kind of time ... More


Inventing Prizes

B. Zorina Khan

in Inventing Ideas: Patents, Prizes, and the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190936075
eISBN:
9780190936112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190936075.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Economic History

Academics and policymakers alike tend to motivate their claims about innovation prizes with a cluster of popular, but previously unexamined, historical anecdotes. As a result, canonical case studies ... More


The History of the Chronometer

Jonathan Betts

in Marine Chronometers at Greenwich: A Catalogue of Marine Chronometers at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780199641383
eISBN:
9780191845604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199641383.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

A newly researched history of the marine chronometer, from its earliest origins in the 17th century through to electronic instruments manufactured in the late 20th century. The narrative is written ... More


Direct and Indirect Evidence

Naomi Oreskes

in The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117325
eISBN:
9780197561188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117325.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geology and the Lithosphere

At the California Institute of Technology in the mid-1940s, a young Henry William Menard—later an expert on submarine physiography and director of the U.S. Geological Survey—learned about ... More


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