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Introduction: modeling memory and attention

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This historical chapter examines the fundamental relation between memory and attention. Information that is temporarily in or near conscious awareness is in the focus of attention, so attention and ... More


Actual versus “virtual” short-term memory phenomena

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In computer jargon, virtual memory is the use of a specially-designated portion of long-term memory to hold information that needs to be retrieved quickly. This chapter considers that the same type ... More


Eye Movements and Scene Memory

John M. Henderson

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the evidence supporting the view that representations are retained and combined across eye movements and over extended time. In particular, it considers representations that are ... More


Memory activation and attentional focusing

Nelson Cowan

in Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

There have been wide-spread disagreements about the nature of short-term memory. What distinguishes it from long-term memory? Is the information in short-term memory forgotten as a function of time ... More


 Learning, Memory, and the Monkey Hippocampus

Wendy A. Suzuki

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews over thirty years of findings from behavioral neurophysiological recordings in the monkey hippocampus. It shows that consistent with the memory space hypothesis, hippocampal ... More


Memory: Systems, Process, or Function?

Jonathan K. Foster and Marko Jelicic (eds)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524069
eISBN:
9780191689109
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524069.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Memory represents a key psychological process. It allows us to recall things from the past which may have taken place hours, days, months, or even many years ago. Our memories are intrinsically ... More


Visual Memory for Natural Scenes

Andrew Hollingworth

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research examining visual memory for complex, natural environments. It is divided into two main sections. The first concerns the use of visual memory to construct online ... More


The Retrieval and Manipulation of Visual Memories: Evidence from Neuropsychology

M. Jane Riddoch and Glyn W. Humphreys

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses neuropsychological disorders of visual short-term memory (VSTM) and the importance of these disorders for theories of VSTM. It emphasizes the role of VSTM not only in ... More


Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Nelson Cowan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195119107
eISBN:
9780199870097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119107.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For decades, the fundamental processes underlying memory and attention have been understood within an “information processing” framework in which information passes from one processing stage to ... More


Visual Memory Systems

Andrew Hollingworth and Steven J. Luck

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the various visual memory systems that are discussed in this book, focusing on the nature of the representations used by these systems, their temporal dynamics, their neutral ... More


Visual Short-term Memory

Steven J. Luck

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses visual short-term memory (VSTM) system. It compares VSTM system with visual long-term memory system. It then discusses the measurement of VSTM, the storage capacity of VSTM, ... More


Physiology of Executive Functions: The Perception-Action Cycle

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the executive functions of the prefrontal cortex against the background of its position in the neocortical map of cognitive representations. It attempts to place prefrontal ... More


 Neural Representations Used to Specify Action

Silvia A. Bunge and Michael J. Souza

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

To understand how humans use rules to determine actions, it is critical to learn more about how they select responses on the basis of associations in long‐term memory. This chapter discusses what has ... More


Ivan Izquierdo

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Ivan Izquierdo and his coworkers demonstrated the main molecular steps of memory consolidation for one-trial avoidance and other tasks in the hippocampus and other brain areas, the separation of ... More


Visual Memory

Steven J. Luck and Andrew Hollingworth (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Vision and memory are two of the most intensively studied topics in psychology and neuroscience, and the intersection between them — visual memory — is emerging as a fertile ground for research. ... More


Visual Memory

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Visual sensory memory lasts for the duration of the response in the retina. Visual short-term memory may comprise up to 10 objects during the first second, and drops to 4 after that. Only a few items ... More


Fractionating the Central Executive

Alan Baddeley

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter shows that the frontal lobes play an important role in integrating information from many other areas of the brain, and are crucially involved in its manipulation for purposes such as ... More


Concepts in Psychology

Edouard Machery

in Doing without Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter describes what concepts are taken to be in psychology and identifies the goals of the psychological theories of concepts. In psychology, concepts are characterized as being those bodies ... More


Evolving Issues in Working Memory

John T.E Richardson

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the main issues that have divided researchers in the field of working memory and provides an integrated account of what we have learned about working memory. The main issues ... More


The Seven Ages of Working Memory

Robert H. Logie

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes each of the seven “ages” or instantiations of working memory, which include the views of working memory as contemplation, as process, and as constraint of language ... More


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