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Explaining Institutional Change in Europe

Adrienne Heritier

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199298129
eISBN:
9780191711633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298129.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book poses the question: how and why do institutions change? Institutions, understood as rules of behaviour constraining and facilitating social interaction, are subject to different forms and ... More


Fundamental Determinants of Exchange Rates

Jerome L. Stein and Polly Reynolds Allen

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293064
eISBN:
9780191596940
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293062.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

The NATREX approach offers an alternative paradigm to the Purchasing Power Parity for equilibrium real exchange rates. NATREX is the acronym for NATural Real EXchange, referring to a medium‐run, ... More


Long‐Term Policy Regimes: Incrementalism Put in Context

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Policy outcomes are rather stable while politics in the short-term are in a state of flux — one which oscillates round long-term equilibrium point which is fairly stable within each country. Such ... More


Introduction

Richard Coopey and Donald Clarke

in 3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter provides a historical perspective of the development of 3i and its impact on British industry. The institution, established initially as the Industrial and Commercial Finance Corporation ... More


Integrating Macroeconomic Models with Income Distribution Models

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Income distribution models can be incorporated in all kinds of data-based economic macro-models. This chapter shows how this may be accomplished in long- and short-term econometric models. An ... More


Managing Retirement Payouts: Positioning, Investing, and Spending Assets

John Ameriks and Olivia S. Mitchell

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

As Baby Boomers move into their 60s, they are focusing policymaker and media attention on how their generation will manage the retirement phase of their lifetime. This book acknowledges that many, ... More


Conclusions

Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks

in Annuity Markets

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216994
eISBN:
9780191711978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216994.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter summarizes the conclusions on annuity pricing. While annuity products continue to be an important component of a number of pensions systems, there are a number of public policy questions ... More


Physical Challenge and Performance

Stewart Gordon

in Mastering the Art of Performance: A Primer for Musicians

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195177435
eISBN:
9780199864690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177435.003.15
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter offers advice for performers in dealing with physical challenge, such as short-term illness, long-term infirmity, and aging. Being active for as long as possible and for as much as ... More


Fluctuating Political Forces

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political variables (median voter and median parliamentary, government and ministry positions) change more radically and more quickly than policy outputs. This accounts for the lack of relationships ... More


Annuity Valuation, Long‐Term Care, and Bequest Motives

John Ameriks, Andrew Caplin, Steven Laufer, and Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Financial security in retirement has traditionally meant having a steady flow of annuity income as long as one lives — a definition enshrined in the Social Security system. Earlier research has ... More


Tax Issues and Life Care Annuities

David Brazell, Jason Brown, and Mark Warshawsky

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

A life care annuity combines an immediate life annuity with long-term care insurance. This chapter reviews empirical evidence supporting the claim that the marketing of a life care annuity will ... More


 Spatial Learning and the Selectivity of Hippocampal Place Fields: Modulation by Dopamine

Kathryn M. Gill and Sheri J. Y. Mizumori

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter compares the putative mechanisms by which dopamine selectively affects learning that is thought to be mediated by functionally distinct brain regions, such as the hippocampus and dorsal ... More


Visual Memory for Natural Scenes

Andrew Hollingworth

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research examining visual memory for complex, natural environments. It is divided into two main sections. The first concerns the use of visual memory to construct online ... More


Creating the Future: Thinking Strategically about Knowledge Retention

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter describes five things leaders must do to support strategic thinking about knowledge retention. This includes: (1) always linking organizational strategy to knowledge management ... More


Devils in the Details: Long-Term Infrastructure Contracts

Alasdair Roberts

in The Logic of Discipline: Global Capitalism and the Architecture of Government

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195374988
eISBN:
9780199776849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374988.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the infrastructure crisis faced by many countries throughout the era of liberalization. Many governments experimented with a new method of infrastructure development: the ... More


Cellular Plasticity Mechanisms

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews recent progress towards an understanding of synaptic plasticity resulting in increased synaptic efficacy as the main candidate for a cellular mechanism of memory. The most ... More


Visual Memory

Steven J. Luck and Andrew Hollingworth (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Vision and memory are two of the most intensively studied topics in psychology and neuroscience, and the intersection between them — visual memory — is emerging as a fertile ground for research. ... More


The Modern City: From the Reforma-Peralvillo to the Torre Bicentenario: the Clash of ‘History’ and ‘Progress’ in the Urban Development of Modern Mexico City

DIANE E. DAVIS

in Mexico City through History and Culture

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264461
eISBN:
9780191734625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264461.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

What constitutes modern Mexico? Is there a clear distinction between the historic and modern Mexico City? And if there are, does this distinctions hold up throughout the twentieth century, when what ... More


Artificial selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Artificial selection provides a means of validating evolutionary principles, and is the basis of applied evolutionary biology. This chapter describes both short-term and long-term responses to ... More


 Learning, Memory, and the Monkey Hippocampus

Wendy A. Suzuki

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews over thirty years of findings from behavioral neurophysiological recordings in the monkey hippocampus. It shows that consistent with the memory space hypothesis, hippocampal ... More


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