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What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

What is a lollard? Generations of historians and propagandists, bishops and inquisitors, theologians and polemicists have asked this question about the dissenters who began to trouble the English ... More


Introduction: Family Resemblances

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The etymology of the term lollard remains a source of dispute among scholars: was it coined in the heat of the academic controversies in the University of Oxford in which John Wyclif and his ... More


Salvation

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter traces Wycliffite beliefs about salvation, starting with an analysis of Wyclif's doctrines of grace and predestination. Rather than espousing the view that God has arbitrarily elected ... More


The Eucharist

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Whereas many lollards never questioned a works‐oriented approach to the doctrine of salvation, dissenting views on the Eucharist reveal more substantial divergences from orthodoxy. The Mass was at ... More


Lay Marriage and Clerical Celibacy

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The fundamentally conservative impetus of much dissenting thought can perhaps best be seen in the areas of lay marriage and clerical celibacy, which this chapter examines. After surveying the ... More


Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Fiona Somerset

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

“Lollard” is the name given to followers of John Wyclif, the English dissident theologian who was dismissed from Oxford University in 1381 for his arguments regarding the eucharist. A forceful and ... More


The Evidence of the Manuscripts

H. Leith Spencer

in English Preaching in the Late Middle Ages

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112037
eISBN:
9780191670664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112037.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses the compilation and dissemination of medieval sermon manuscripts. It also describes the widespread vernacular borrowing from pre-existing sermons and treatises, and the ... More


The Growth of Discontent During the 1430s and 1440s

I. M. W. Harvey

in Jack Cade's Rebellion of 1450

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201601
eISBN:
9780191674952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201601.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter focuses on the Lollard rising of 1431 in southern England. Lollardy, as a persistent, covert tradition of radical thinking, impacted significantly upon the political sphere. Whilst ... More


Salisbury Cathedral and the Laity

Andrew D. Brown

in Popular Piety in Late Medieval England: The Diocese of Salisbury 1250-1550

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198205210
eISBN:
9780191676550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205210.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

Cathedrals of secular clergy were potentially as detached from the laity as monastic houses. The daily round of liturgical service conducted by the Salisbury canons and vicars-choral — the seven ... More


Introduction

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This introductory chapter presents the background of the study on lollardy animating this book. After a brief discussion of the history of lollardy the chapter turns to a more in-depth overview of ... More


The Lollard Pastoral Program: Reform from Below

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter lays out the groundwork for a newly broadened understanding of the audiences and purposes of lollard writings and a newly sharpened picture of their central characteristics. ... More


Lollard Prayer: Religious Practice and Everyday Life

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter shows that lollard writings about prayer attach distinctive meanings to prayer as an activity and to the words that should be prayed, even as they draw very extensively on the common ... More


Lollard Tales

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter investigates a very common and widespread characteristic of lollard writings: their use of narrative forms, especially but not only drawn from the bible, to give their readers models for ... More


William Tyndale and English History

Christopher Hill

in Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution - Revisited

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206682
eISBN:
9780191677274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206682.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

William Tyndale is among the intellectual forebears of the English Revolution. David Rollinson's The Local Origins of Modern Society: Gloucestershire 1500–1800 provides much useful information about ... More


The Testimony of William Thorpe and the Trial of Richard Wyche

JOANNA SUMMERS

in Late-Medieval Prison Writing and the Politics of Autobiography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271290
eISBN:
9780191709586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271290.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses two ‘prison’ texts which are remarkably similar: both present the heretical investigation of a suspected Lollard, which appears to fall short of a formal trial, occurring at ... More


Spiritual and Secular Authority in the Fall

Nigel Mortimer

in John Lydgate's Fall of Princes: Narrative Tragedy in its Literary and Political Contexts

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199275014
eISBN:
9780191705939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275014.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Fall of Princes is one of the most consistently partisan poems Lydgate ever wrote: in addition to his complicity in national politics, Lydgate, a member of the abbey community at ... More


Conclusion

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This concluding chapter examines a largely neglected short text that eschews polemical declaration but that nonetheless within its short length touches on all the characteristic emphases in lollard ... More


God’s Law: Loving, Learning, and Teaching

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter engages with commentaries on the commandments (or “hestis”) of God’s law across their full extent, as formal systems each of which attempts to find a balance amid the tensions involved ... More


Moral Fantasie: Normative Allegory in Lollard Writings

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter examines the extent of the common ground, of both theory and practice, between lollards and their contemporaries both academic and extramural, as well as between lollards and mainstream ... More


Lollard Forms of Living

Fiona Somerset

in Feeling Like Saints: Lollard Writings after Wyclif

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452819
eISBN:
9780801470998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452819.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter examines in depth a set of lollardy’s most self-consciously literary writings: writings that are attentive to literary style and rhetoric and that develop with unusual thoroughness the ... More


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