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Introduction to Medieval Logic

Alexander Broadie

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240266
eISBN:
9780191680137
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240266.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, History of Philosophy

Medieval logicians advanced far beyond the logic of Aristotle and the aim of this book is to show how far that advance took them in two central areas. This book focuses upon the work of some of the ... More


Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

When ordinary people—mathematicians among them—take something to follow (deductively) from something else, they are exposing the backbone of our self-ascribed ability to reason. This book ... More


The Tarskian Turn: Deflationism and Axiomatic Truth

Leon Horsten

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015868
eISBN:
9780262298643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015868.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book investigates the relationship between formal theories of truth and contemporary philosophical approaches to truth. The work of mathematician and logician Alfred Tarski (1901–1983) marks the ... More


Chapter 2

Wael B. Hallaq

in Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240433
eISBN:
9780191680175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240433.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The main concept for the second point has to do with the doctrine that states that definition leads to the conception of things. It is asserted against this doctrine that verifiers amongst the ... More


Extrapolation and Its Limits

Stephen Yablo

in Aboutness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144955
eISBN:
9781400845989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144955.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

If A implies B, then is there always something that we can point to as what A adds to B? The logician, or logical engineer, says yes. The mysterian says no. To get a bead on the issue, this chapter ... More


Going On in the Same Way

Stephen Yablo

in Aboutness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144955
eISBN:
9781400845989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144955.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter raises the following question: Who is right, the logician or the mysterian? Not the logician, it seems, for her recipe does not work; B→A is a terrible candidate for the role of A–B. No ... More


The logic of indicative conditionals

Jonathan St B T Evans and David E Over

in If

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525134
eISBN:
9780191728174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525134.003.02
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter examines the major logical issues concerning indicative conditional statements, as identified by philosophical logicians. It shows why philosophers largely reject the view that ‘if p ... More


Indicative conditionals: the psychological evidence

Jonathan St B T Evans and David E Over

in If

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525134
eISBN:
9780191728174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525134.003.03
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter examines the basic empirical findings on indicative conditionals when participants are asked to make inferences or judgements about them in the psychological laboratory, and compares ... More


Charles Sanders Peirce: An Overview

Vincent G. Potter

in Peirce's Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823216154
eISBN:
9780823284832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823216154.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter provides an overview of the life of Charles Sander Peirce—philosopher, logician, scientist, and father of American pragmatism. This man, unappreciated in his lifetime, virtually ignored ... More


Soft Nominalism in Quine and the School of Dignāga

Edith Wyschogrod

in Crossover Queries: Dwelling with Negatives, Embodying Philosophy's Others

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226061
eISBN:
9780823235148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226061.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Nominalists argue that everything that is must be particular. D. M. Armstrong contends, “Nominalists deny that there is any objective identity in things which are not ... More


General Introduction

Huaping Lu-Adler

in Kant and the Science of Logic: A Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190907136
eISBN:
9780190907143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907136.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Canonical histories of logic tend to presuppose a narrow notion of “formal logic” and discount early modern works on logic as uninteresting and unoriginal. More sympathetic historians typically ... More


Logical Aliens and the ‘Ground’ of Logical Necessity

Barry Stroud

in Seeing, Knowing, Understanding: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198809753
eISBN:
9780191859205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809753.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines James Conant’s account of Gottlob Frege’s conception of the special character of the laws of logic. It also examines whether or how that conception figures in Frege’s opposition ... More


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