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Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Wallace Matson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

After a Darwinian-type account of what beliefs are and how they arose in animals acting to cope with their environments–“low beliefs,” virtually all of which are true–Professor Matson shows how the ... More


Semantics for Logical Necessity

Nino B. Cocchiarella and Max A. Freund

in Modal Logic: An Introduction to its Syntax and Semantics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195366587
eISBN:
9780199851898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366587.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter initially describes possible-worlds semantics, which was first introduced by Rudolf Carnap in 1946 in terms of his state-description semantics, for sentential modal logic. Carnap was not ... More


L’Envoi

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is a summary, emphasizing the principal themes of the book and their connections under the headings The Demarcation Problem, Milesian Science, Science and Philosophy, The Impact of ... More


Cartesianism

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Cartesian skepticism, unlike Pyrrhonism, was total, calling into question low beliefs as well as high. Descartes himself was not a skeptic but set out the argument in its favor for the purpose of ... More


Modal Adventures between Leibniz and Kant: Existence and (Temporal, Logical, Real) Possibilities

Ohad Nachtomy

in The Actual and the Possible: Modality and Metaphysics in Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198786436
eISBN:
9780191828751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786436.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper explores the philosophical transitions in the relations between existence and possibility in Leibniz and Kant. It begins with Leibniz’s formulation of a strictly logical notion of ... More


Jerusalem Collides with Athens

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Judaism held that there was truly only one God, creator, warlord, and legislator, Who accomplished everything simply by willing it. Christianity retained its beliefs about God and imposed this model ... More


Ontology

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This chapter claims that the whole history of the world is a succession of events, which consist in the instantiation of properties in substances at times. It analyses the criteria for two ... More


Strategies in the Literature

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

in A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Relates the ideal types of strategies presented in earlier chapters to actual proposals in the literature. We begin with the geometric strategy of Harty Field, and claim that our version better ... More


Real Conflict, Real Grounds, Real Possibility

Nicholas F. Stang

in Kant’s Modal Metaphysics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198712626
eISBN:
9780191781100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712626.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores another key element in the pre-Critical Kant’s development of an anti-logicist modal metaphysics: his doctrine that there are logically compatible predicates that are not ... More


Logicism and Ontotheism

Nicholas F. Stang

in Kant’s Modal Metaphysics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198712626
eISBN:
9780191781100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712626.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter opens with an exploration of the core theory of modality shared by three of Kant’s most important rationalist predecessors (Leibniz, Wolff, and Baumgarten), which is henceforth referred ... More


The Creation

Christopher J. Insole

in Kant and the Creation of Freedom: A Theological Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677603
eISBN:
9780191757068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677603.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter provides an account of how Kant understands divine freedom in relation to the creation of the world. The divine will as ‘holy’ is shaped by perfect goodness, and is unable in many ... More


Actions, Predictions, and Books of Life

Alvin I. Goldman

in Joint Ventures: Mindreading, Mirroring, and Embodied Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199874187
eISBN:
9780190267674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199874187.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter contradicts the anti-predictionism theory, which states that as long as an action is determined, it can be predicted, and vice versa. It begins by distinguishing between determinism and ... More


Conditions for Coherence: Logical Possibility

Richard Swinburne

in The Coherence of Theism: Second Edition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198779698
eISBN:
9780191825972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779698.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

We learn the meaning or a word or sentence by learning some of the syntactic and semantic rules for its use. A declarative sentence expresses a proposition. A proposition is logically impossible iff ... More


The Coherence of Theism: Second Edition

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198779698
eISBN:
9780191825972
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book investigates on which understandings of the nature of God, it is coherent to hold, that is it is metaphysically possible, that God exists. Part I analyses what it is for a proposition to be ... More


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