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Carnap

Michael Potter

in Reason's Nearest Kin: Philosophies of Arithmetic from Kant to Carnap

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199252619
eISBN:
9780191712647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252619.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In Vienna during the 1920s there emerged a group of philosophers — the logical positivists — who wished to deny that any metaphysical questions were meaningful. Although they held much of the ... More


Introduction: Pursuing a Naturalist Metaphysics 1

Harold Kincaid

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter outlines the naturalism motivating this volume, defends it from common criticisms, summarizes several recent books by contributors that serve as background for the debates in the volume, ... More


New Citizens, New Societies: New Sciences, New Philosophies?

Sandra Harding

in Objectivity and Diversity: Another Logic of Scientific Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226241227
eISBN:
9780226241531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241531.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The prevailing philosophy of modern Western science took its current form in the aftermath of World War II. The logical positivists of the Vienna Circle, upon emigrating from Europe to the United ... More


How Symbolic and Iconic Languages Bridge the Two Worlds of the Chemist: A Case Study From Contemporary Bioorganic Chemistry

Emily R. Grosholz and Roald Hoffmann

in Of Minds and Molecules: New Philosophical Perspectives on Chemistry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128345
eISBN:
9780197561416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128345.003.0023
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

Chemists move habitually and with credible success—if sometimes unreflectively—between two worlds. One is the laboratory, with its macroscopic powders, crystals, solutions, and intractable sludge, ... More


The Slighting of Smell (with a Brief Word on the Slighting of Chemistry)

William G. Lycan

in Of Minds and Molecules: New Philosophical Perspectives on Chemistry

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128345
eISBN:
9780197561416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128345.003.0026
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

Philosophy articles on prepositional attitudes, attitude content, and related matters sometimes begin by reminding us that there are many prepositional attitudes besides belief: there are desire, ... More


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