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Towards an Inferential Semantics in Jurisprudence

Christoph Kletzer

in Law and Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237159
eISBN:
9780191705427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237159.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Starting from the perception that jurisprudence still predominantly but mostly unconsciously operates under the paradigm of logical empiricism, this chapter presents the following arguments: (i) ... More


Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle: The Exaltation and Deposition Of Ostensive Definition

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Wittgenstein’s account of ostensive definition is examined. Its influence upon the reflections of members of the Vienna Circle is outlined, and their misunderstandings of Wittgenstein’s account are ... More


The Demise of Reductionism in Philosophy of Science

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the widespread assumptions that intertheoretic reductions are common in the natural sciences and that reducibility serves as a kind of normative constraint upon the legitimacy ... More


Logic

Miguel de Beistegui

in Immanence - Deleuze and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748638307
eISBN:
9780748671816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638307.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter reports the consequences of an extension of immanence for the classical domains of logic. It specifically illustrates the extent to which Gilles Deleuze's account of sense relates to, ... More


Epistemological Empiricisms

Barry Allen

in Empiricisms: Experience and Experiment from Antiquity to the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780197508930
eISBN:
9780197508961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197508930.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapter considers the rise of modern epistemological empiricism, from Gassendi and Locke to Spencer and the positivists. The chapter studies empirical philosophy in France (Condillac, Diderot, La ... More


The Reign of Relativity: Philosophy in Physics 1915-1925

Thomas Ryckman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195177176
eISBN:
9780199835324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general theory of relativity (1915) was also a defining event for 20th century philosophy of science. During the decisive first ten years of the theory’s existence, two main tendencies dominated ... More


The Neurophysiologist

Tara H. Abraham

in Rebel Genius: Warren S. McCulloch's Transdisciplinary Life in Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035095
eISBN:
9780262335386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035095.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines McCulloch’s activities at Yale University during the 1930s, and the ways in which his work as a neurophysiologist was inseparable from his pursuits in scientific philosophy. ... More


Philosophy, 1900–1940

John A. Goldsmith and Bernard Laks

in Battle in the Mind Fields

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226550800
eISBN:
9780226550947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226550947.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter describes work in philosophy in the period 1900-1940 that influenced European linguists, and work that called for greater interest in the nature and structure of language. Edmund ... More


Comparison with Other Positions

Paul Hoyningen-Huene

in Systematicity: The Nature of Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985050
eISBN:
9780199346226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985050.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, the answer of systematicity theory to the question what science is is compared with answers that have been given in the history of philosophy. The aim of this chapter is to gain ... More


Pluralism, Multiplicity, and the Disunity of Sciences

Sandra Harding

in Objectivity and Diversity: Another Logic of Scientific Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226241227
eISBN:
9780226241531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226241531.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is not just other societies’ sciences that are culturally embedded; so too are modern Western sciences. Recent histories demonstrate that the value-free commitment of logical empiricist philosophy ... More


Dissolving Rationality

Philip Kitcher

in The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The approach to progress allows an apparently simple analysis of scientific rationality: a transition in practice is rational just in case it is generated by some procedure that would be expected to ... More


Rational Choice Philosophy as “Scientific Philosophy”

John McCumber

in The Philosophy Scare: The Politics of Reason in the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226396385
eISBN:
9780226396415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226396415.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

As a theory of marketing and voting behavior, rational choice theory presupposed free markets and contested elections. Since Marxists did not accept these presuppositions, the theory had to be ... More


Intuitions and Assumptions in the Debate over Laws of Nature

Walter Ott and Lydia Patton

in Laws of Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198746775
eISBN:
9780191809057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746775.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, History of Philosophy

This chapter sifts through some of the most important intuitions and assumptions that have guided the debate over laws of nature since the concept’s invention in the seventeenth century. Competing ... More


Innovation from EvoDevo to Human Culture

Werner Callebaut

in Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contributes to the long-term project of a general theory of innovation through a comparative analysis of the reasons for the neglect of innovation and novelty in diverse fields ... More


Gödel’s Theorem: An End and a Beginning

Jan von Plato

in The Great Formal Machinery Works: Theories of Deduction and Computation at the Origins of the Digital Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174174
eISBN:
9781400885039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174174.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how Kurt Gödel found his theorem. He started to study physics at the University of Vienna in 1924, then changed to mathematics in 1926. That same year, he started attending the ... More


On Law and Justice

Alf Ross

Jakob v. H. Holtermann (ed.)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198716105
eISBN:
9780191784361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716105.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book is a classic work of twentieth-century legal philosophy. The first translation into English was notably poor and misrepresented the views expressed in the text. Translated from scratch from ... More


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