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Explaining Patterns of Centralism and Localism

Edward C. Page

in Localism and Centralism in Europe: The Political and Legal Bases of Local Self-Government

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277279
eISBN:
9780191684166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277279.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the theoretical approaches to understanding cross-national variation in centralism and localism. It examines why countries differ in their patterns of centralism and localism ... More


Field quantization

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The cavity-mode quantization conjecture of Chapter 2 is replaced by local commutation relations — which are independent of the size and shape of the cavity — between field-operator components. This ... More


The Challenge of Municipal Socialism

Martin Loughlin

in Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260158
eISBN:
9780191682049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260158.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines municipal socialism, an exercise which resulted in Labour councils developing collectivistic policies which were in direct antagonism to those being promoted by central ... More


National Voice and Local Voice

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter provides the first overview of how tensions between local chambers and national bodies were resolved. Early initiatives were a Union of Chambers, the General Chamber of Manufacturers, ... More


The Juridification of Central-Local Government Relations

Martin Loughlin

in Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260158
eISBN:
9780191682049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260158.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines a number of issues which arise as a result of transformation in the role of law in central-local government relations. It also examines the utilization of legislation as an ... More


Localism Revived: Three Studies of National-Local Relations in Israel

Alex Weingrod

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: XI: Values, Interests, and Identity: Jews and Politics in a Changing World

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195103311
eISBN:
9780199854585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195103311.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter explores three books on national–local relations in Israel. These are Sam N. Lehman-Wilzig's Wildfire: Grassroots Revolts in Israel in the Post-Socialist Era, Shlomo Hasson's Urban ... More


Centrifugal Empire: Central-Local Relations in China

Jae Ho Chung

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176200
eISBN:
9780231540681
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176200.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Despite the destabilizing potential of governing of a vast territory and a large multicultural population, the centralized government of the People’s Republic of China has held together for decades, ... More


Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

Martin Loughlin

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260158
eISBN:
9780191682049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260158.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book seeks to trace the main dimensions of recent conflicts between central departments of governments and local authorities and to reveal something of their significance. It does so by focusing ... More


The Ambivalent Welcome: Cinco De Mayo and the Performance of Local Identity and Ethnic Relations

Debra Lattanzi Shutika

in Beyond the Borderlands: Migration and Belonging in the United States and Mexico

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520269583
eISBN:
9780520950238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520269583.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter reviews the history of Cinco de Mayo festival, which was a turning point in local ethnic relations, and also explores the transition of Kennett Square. The Cinco de Mayo festival was ... More


China Goes Local (Again): Assessing Post-Mao Decentralization

Jae Ho Chung

in Centrifugal Empire: Central-Local Relations in China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176200
eISBN:
9780231540681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176200.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the impact of post-Mao decentralization on central-local relations and concludes that the former has not necessarily or uniformly favored localities at the expense of central control.


The Center’s Perceptions of Local Bureaucracy in China: A Typological First-Cut

Jae Ho Chung

in Centrifugal Empire: Central-Local Relations in China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176200
eISBN:
9780231540681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176200.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Employs a triple concept of “agents,” “representatives,” and “principals” in illustrating the trajectory in which Chinese leaders' perception of local bureaucracy has evolved over time. It also looks ... More


The Center’s Instruments of Local Control

Jae Ho Chung

in Centrifugal Empire: Central-Local Relations in China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176200
eISBN:
9780231540681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176200.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Suggests that the People’s Republic’s principal mode of local control resembles that of the traditional China more than that of the pre-1949 revolutionary era in terms of preventive mechanisms, ... More


Determinants of Local Discretion in Implementation: Exploring Policy-Contingent Variations

Jae Ho Chung

in Centrifugal Empire: Central-Local Relations in China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176200
eISBN:
9780231540681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176200.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Presupposes that, with other things (i.e., patronage networks and societal demands) being similar among different regions, the level of local discretion permitted in implementation is likely to vary ... More


Conclusion

Lynette H. Ong

in Prosper or Perish: Credit and Fiscal Systems in Rural China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450624
eISBN:
9780801465956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450624.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This book concludes by providing an update on the reform of China's rural credit cooperatives (RCCs) in the late 2000s, with particular emphasis on the costs of soft-budget constraints and bailouts ... More


Peacebuilding Practices and Institutions

Adam Moore

in Peacebuilding in Practice: Local Experience in Two Bosnian Towns

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451997
eISBN:
9780801469565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451997.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter delineates how successful postwar peacebuilding requires a strong international presence at the local level, a meaningful engagement with local actors, and sustained commitment of ... More


China as a Centrifugal Empire: Size, Diversity, and Local Governance

Jae Ho Chung

in Centrifugal Empire: Central-Local Relations in China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176200
eISBN:
9780231540681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176200.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Poses the question: “Why are Chinese leaders so preoccupied with local governance?” and outlines a framework of analysis.


Unrest in Tibet and the Limits of Regional Autonomy

Ben Hillman

in Ethnic Conflict and Protest in Tibet and Xinjiang: Unrest in China's West

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231169981
eISBN:
9780231540445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169981.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter provides an analysis of Chinese government policies in the region and the role of local governments in formulating implementing state policies. The chapter asks why local governments ... More


The Subnational Hierarchy in Time: Institutional Changes (and Continuities)

Jae Ho Chung

in Centrifugal Empire: Central-Local Relations in China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176200
eISBN:
9780231540681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176200.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Links China’s two-millennium experiences in searching for optimal institutional designs for effective local control with that of the People’s Republic, suggests that the Communist regime is by no ... More


The Dynamics of Prominence Profiles: From Local Computation to Global Patterns

Khalil Iskarous and Louis Goldstein

in Shaping Phonology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226562452
eISBN:
9780226562599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562599.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

At many levels of linguistic structure, units at one level are organized into a group, forming a unit at a higher level. This is the basis of hierarchical structure that organizes units from the ... More


New and established mayoralties: lessons for local governance in constructing new political institutions – the English and Polish cases

Colin Copus, Alasdair Blair, Katarzyna Szmigiel-Rawska, and Michael Dadd

in Directly Elected Mayors in Urban Governance: Impact and Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447327011
eISBN:
9781447327035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327011.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Reforming local government is a policy tool of central government when faced with local, national and international pressures for change and this is no more so than in times of political, social and ... More


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