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State‐Building Nationalism

Michael Hechter

in Containing Nationalism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247516
eISBN:
9780191599460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924751X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The rise of the modern state extended direct rule, in which central authorities assumed ever‐greater responsibility for governing all the territory within the state's boundaries. Although direct rule ... More


Regulatory inaction? Regulation without enforcement

Steve Tombs

in Social Protection After the Crisis: Regulation without enforcement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447313755
eISBN:
9781447313786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447313755.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The focus of this chapter is on the trajectories of state enforcement of regulatory law in the context of three areas of social protection, spanning national and local regulatory bodies in the UK: ... More


The Geography of Mental Deficiency

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter attempts to map put the ‘geography of mental deficiency’ in Great Britain during the 1930s. It analyses three interrelated elements: the ... More


Local authorities: Powerhouses or scapegoats?

John Sturzaker and Alexander Nurse

in Rescaling Urban Governance: Planning, Localism and Institutional Change

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447350774
eISBN:
9781447350828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447350774.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Some have argued that reforms to urban governance in the UK in recent years have “hollowed out” the local level, emphasising the levels “above” and “below” it. This reflects a broader perceived loss ... More


. Explaining the Shift to Public Ownership at the Local Level: The Halcyon Days of Municipal Ownership 1870–1920

James Foreman-Peck and Robert Millward

in Public and Private Ownership of British Industry 1820–1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203599
eISBN:
9780191675881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203599.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Initially, local authority involvement was limited to the provision of railway track and by 1883 the local authorities owned one-third of the track mileage. The 1890s saw a rapid growth of electric ... More


Fiduciary Duty in Public Law

Martin Loughlin

in Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260158
eISBN:
9780191682049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260158.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the doctrine of fiduciary duty which the local authority owes to its ratepayers. It considers the nature and development of this fiduciary concept and yields valuable insights ... More


Between Institutional Transfer and Legacies: Local Administrative Transformation in Eastern Germany

Gernot Grabher and David Stark

in Restructuring Networks in Post-Socialism: Legacies, Linkages and Localities

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290209
eISBN:
9780191684791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290209.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Political Economy

This chapter is concerned with the transformation of local authorities in East Germany since the collapse of the communist regime. It starts by examining the process of institution-building in terms ... More


Local Government

Francis McManus

in Law Making and the Scottish Parliament: The Early Years

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640195
eISBN:
9780748651498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640195.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Local government has been described as ‘big business’. With the exception of Northern Ireland, local authorities in the United Kingdom are responsible for education, housing, personal services, ... More


Policy research movements in local governments

Kimie Tsuchiyama

in Policy analysis in Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781847429841
eISBN:
9781447311515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Although policy research was not recognized as an activity within Japanese local authorities’ jurisdiction for a long time, the social changes resulting from high-growth period made local authority ... More


Carers

Jonathan Herring

in Older People in Law and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199229024
eISBN:
9780191705274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229024.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Older people can be involved in care work, either as the givers of care, or as the recipients of it. This chapter looks at the rights and responsibilities of those carers. It demonstrates the ways in ... More


Rites of Passage: Origins of the Youth Employment Service

Harry Hendrick

in Images of Youth

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217824
eISBN:
9780191678295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217824.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the origins and application of youth employment service as a way to address the problems related to adolescent male labour in Great Britain. It states that social scientists ... More


‘The Business and Charities of the Parish’: Churches, Schools, and Local Authority

K. D. Reynolds

in Aristocratic Women and Political Society in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207276
eISBN:
9780191677601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207276.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Religion and the education of the young were considered to be feminine occupations, deriving from their maternal and moral responsibilities. Women generally confined their interests to the villages ... More


Legality and Locality: The Role of Law in Central-Local Government Relations

Martin Loughlin

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260158
eISBN:
9780191682049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260158.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book seeks to trace the main dimensions of recent conflicts between central departments of governments and local authorities and to reveal something of their significance. It does so by focusing ... More


The (continuing) regulation of prostitution by local authorities

Dean Knight

in Taking the crime out of sex work: New Zealand sex workers' fight for decriminalisation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423344
eISBN:
9781447303664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423344.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter investigates the local-government response to the Prostitution Reform Act (PRA) of 2003, with particular emphasis on the continuing regulation of prostitution after the law reform. ... More


Austerity’s legacy: risk, opportunity and a new form of central–local relations?

Janice Morphet and Ben Clifford

in Reviving Local Authority Housing Delivery: Challenging Austerity Through Municipal Entrepreneurialism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447355748
eISBN:
9781447355779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447355748.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter reviews how local authorities in England have taken a range of initiatives to respond to super-austerity and face the twin crises of managing housing demand and supply. It discusses the ... More


Recycling

Felicity Matthews

in Complexity, Fragmentation, and Uncertainty: Government Capacity in an Evolving State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199585991
eISBN:
9780191756061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585991.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides an in-depth examination of the Government’s PSA commitment to increase the recycling of household waste. The Government continually exceeded its target, yet this success was not ... More


Challenging austerity: why have local authorities been taking their own action?

Janice Morphet and Ben Clifford

in Reviving Local Authority Housing Delivery: Challenging Austerity Through Municipal Entrepreneurialism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447355748
eISBN:
9781447355779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447355748.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks at local authorities in England that have been intimately involved in the twin crises of super-austerity and housing over the past decade. It discusses the context of the resilient ... More


Overcoming austerity effects through local authority direct action?

Janice Morphet and Ben Clifford

in Reviving Local Authority Housing Delivery: Challenging Austerity Through Municipal Entrepreneurialism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447355748
eISBN:
9781447355779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447355748.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter deals with the application of austerity since 2010 as a political act designed to transform the way in which local authorities in the United Kingdom operate and are funded. It explains ... More


The local politics of community safety: local policy for local people?

Matt Follett

in Community safety: Critical perspectives on policy and practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347305
eISBN:
9781447301950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347305.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter provides an overview of the role of local authorities in community safety policy development, incorporating findings from some recent research fieldwork. It attempts to show that many ... More


The Institutions and Procedures of Charter Implementation and Enforcement

C. M. G. Himsworth

in The European Charter of Local Self-Government: A Treaty for Local Democracy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474403337
eISBN:
9781474416092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474403337.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

One of the European Charter of Local Self-Government’s principal distinguishing features is the process of monitoring of state performance under the Charter by the Congress of Local and Regional ... More


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