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Adaptive radiation: diversity and specialization

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection in complex and structured environments is likely to cause the divergence of differently adapted lines. This will lead to a diverse array of specialized types, or to one or a few broad ... More


Cross-pollination of plants and animals: wild quantitative genetics and plant evolutionary genetics

John R. Stinchcombe

in Quantitative Genetics in the Wild

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199674237
eISBN:
9780191779275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674237.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Ecology

Evolutionary quantitative genetics, as applied to natural populations, sits at an interesting cross-road. Studies of long-lived, mobile animals have given us a first glimpse of the expression of ... More


The Theory of Ecological Specialization

Timothée Poisot

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ecological specificity describes the affinity of an organism for a subset of every axis forming its ecological niche. It is a powerful concept that integrates concepts in evolutionary biology, such ... More


The Theory of the Evolution of Phenotypic Plasticity

Samuel M. Scheiner

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The theory of the evolution of phenotypic plasticity deals the role of the environment in determining the relationship between genotype and phenotype. The role of phenotypic plasticity in ... More


Dispersal and phenotypic plasticity

Johan Hollander, Machteld Verzijden, Erik Svensson, and Christer Brönmark

in Animal Movement Across Scales

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199677184
eISBN:
9780191785696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677184.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

Virtually all species disperse to some extent. Yet, the magnitude of the dispersal rate and the scale of the environment often predispose organisms’ developmental strategies. That is whether species ... More


Genetics and evolutionary ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in genetics and evolutionary ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical ... More


Evolutionary routes leading to host manipulation by parasites

Frédéric Thomas, Thierry Rigaud, and Jacques Brodeur

in Host Manipulation by Parasites

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642236
eISBN:
9780191774621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642236.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores questions that have emerged from the ongoing quest for patterns and processes in the evolution of host behaviour manipulation by parasites. The arguments are developed in three ... More


Urban Evolutionary Biology

Marta Szulkin, Jason Munshi-South, and Anne Charmantier (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198836841
eISBN:
9780191873843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836841.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Cities occupy about 3 per cent of the Earth’s habitable land area and are home to one out of two humans worldwide; both estimates are predicted to grow. Urban space is thus becoming an important, ... More


Conservation of Deserts

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Conservation of deserts can be carried out using many different approaches, including the conservation of individual desert species versus a habitat-level approach, reintroductions and ... More


Designing the ‘New Horizons’ of Punishment

Michele Pifferi

in Reinventing Punishment: A Comparative History of Criminology and Penology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198743217
eISBN:
9780191803079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743217.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The chapter investigates the impact of positivist criminology on liberal criminal law during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with a specific focus on the new key principles of ... More


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