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Anglo‐American Cooperation for Internationalism: Keynes's Second World War Vision for a Post‐war World

Donald Markwell

in John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198292364
eISBN:
9780191715525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292364.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

From July 1940 until his death in April 1946, Keynes returned to the Treasury to work on wartime and post-war issues, including several visits to the USA between 1941 and 1946. Keynes contributed to ... More


 Mobilization of Savings for Investment

Young‐Iob Chung

in Korea under Siege, 1876-1945: Capital Formation and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178302
eISBN:
9780199783557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178300.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the mobilization of the savings/resources of both foreign and domestic sources for investment in both the public and private sectors. The foreign sources of resources/savings ... More


Dark Matter Credit

Philip T. Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182179
eISBN:
9780691185057
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182179.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Prevailing wisdom dictates that without banks countries would be mired in poverty. Yet somehow much of Europe managed to grow rich long before the diffusion of banks. This book draws on centuries of ... More


Odious Debt

Seema Jayachandran and Michael Kremer

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the problem of illegitimate debt from a new angle. Instead of focusing on borrowers, it focuses on the role and incentives of creditors who lend to questionable governments for ... More


Defining “Illegitimate Debt”: When Creditors Should Be Liable for Improper Loans

Joseph Hanlon

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter addresses the questions: why should poor countries be expected to repay the debts imposed upon them by unelected and repressive governments? Who should shoulder the burden of repaying ... More


Financial liberalization in Vietnam: impact on loans from informal, formal, and semi-formal providers

Robert Lensink, Mark McGillivray, and Pham Thi Thu Trà

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since 1986, Vietnam has gone through a process of economic reforms — a so-called ‘doimoi’, which included the liberalization of the financial sector. The most profound financial sector reform came in ... More


The Vocabulary of the Liberal Arts

Philip Burton

in Language in the Confessions of Augustine

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199266227
eISBN:
9780191709098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266227.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter considers Augustine's use of Greek and Latin terminology in the technical register of the Seven Liberal Arts (grammar, rhetoric, dialect, arithmetic, geometry, music, and philosophy). It ... More


Biblical Idioms in the Confessions

Philip Burton

in Language in the Confessions of Augustine

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199266227
eISBN:
9780191709098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266227.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter charts two of the strategies by which Augustine justifies the language of the Latin Bible, a style he himself had previously found unattractive. First, it can be located within the ... More


South Korea in the Fast Lane: Economic Development and Capital Formation

Young-Iob Chung

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195325454
eISBN:
9780199783908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325454.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book examines South Korea's robust economic development and rapid capital formation, which has transformed the country from an agrarian/semi-industrial economy facing seemingly insurmountable ... More


Risk Sharing with the Monarch

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyzes the role of contingent scenarios and nature of the defaults. Over the last 800 years, many periods of debt accumulation have been followed by default. Despite these disruptions, ... More


Strings Attached: Untangling the Ethics of Incentives

Ruth W. Grant

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151601
eISBN:
9781400839742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151601.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Incentives can be found everywhere—in schools, businesses, factories, and government—influencing people's choices about almost everything, from financial decisions and tobacco use to exercise and ... More


Congressional Insolvency

Max. M Edling

in A Revolution in Favor of Government: Origins of the U.S. Constitution and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195148701
eISBN:
9780199835096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148703.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Provides background accounts of political development in the USA from the American War of Independence to the Philadelphia Convention, and establish that, by 1787, Congress was marked by military ... More


Entrepreneurial Finance

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyzes the role that accessing external finance plays for entrepreneurial firms. It differentiates between access to bank loans and equity provided by venture capital. It is shown that ... More


Hungary: Understanding Western Messages

László Valki

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the Western influence on the democratic consolidation in Hungary in the 1980s and the 90s, focusing primarily on problems and conflicts, yet pointing out the historically unprecedented task ... More


Getting Down to Cases

Ruth W. Grant

in Strings Attached: Untangling the Ethics of Incentives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151601
eISBN:
9781400839742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151601.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter explores in more detail four very different domains where incentives have been controversial: plea bargaining, recruiting medical research subjects, the loan policies of the ... More


How Commercial Bankers Discovered Consumer Credit: The Federal Housing Administration and Personal Loan Departments, 1934–1938

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on personal loan departments. On May 4, 1928, National City Bank opened the nation's first personal loan department. Curiously, despite the popularity of the department and ... More


Securing Debt in an Insecure World: Credit Cards and Capital Markets

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how profits on credit cards became the center of lending. By the early 1980s, credit cards metamorphosed from break-even investments to leading earners. With much higher profits ... More


Banks and Notaries

Philip T. Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

in Dark Matter Credit

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182179
eISBN:
9780691185057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182179.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter shows that there were two conceivable ways that banks could have engaged in lending. First, they could have entered the mortgage market as lenders but not relied on a notary to do ... More


Uses of Computing in the Banking Industry

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand: Volume II: How Computers Changed the Work of American Financial, Telecommunications, Media, and Entertainment Industries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165876
eISBN:
9780199789689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165876.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter describes the applications of information technologies in the banking industry over the past half century, and how these changed the nature of this industry's work, structure, and ... More


Designing Student Loans

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Imperfect information, risk, and uncertainty create capital market imperfections. As a result, conventional loans, i.e. mortgage‐type loans, are both inefficient and inequitable. Income‐contingent ... More


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