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Spatial Variety versus Centralization: Change in Eighteenth-Century Credit Markets

Philip T. Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

in Dark Matter Credit

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182179
eISBN:
9780691185057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182179.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter talks about how in the long buildup to the 1780s, the economy had been growing, along with the population, literacy rates, and inequality. At the same time, the volume of private lending ... More


The Rise of the Investment Bank

Alan D. Morrison and William J. Wilhelm Jr.

in Investment Banking: Institutions, Politics, and Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296576
eISBN:
9780191712036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296576.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The 19th-century industrialization of America required significant quantities of capital that could not be met by local savings. Commercial law was not well-developed at the start of the century, and ... More


Fragmented Credit Markets

Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

in Development Microeconomics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198773719
eISBN:
9780191595929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198773714.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

One aspect of financial markets that is of great relevance to economic development is the study of credit mechanism design by lenders facing private information. This chapter first develops a model ... More


Banks and Notaries

Philip T. Hoffman, Gilles Postel-Vinay, and Jean-Laurent Rosenthal

in Dark Matter Credit

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182179
eISBN:
9780691185057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182179.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter shows that there were two conceivable ways that banks could have engaged in lending. First, they could have entered the mortgage market as lenders but not relied on a notary to do ... More


Obstacles to Trade, Enhanced Models of Selection, and the Impact of Policy Variation

Robert M. Townsend

in Financial Systems in Developing Economies: Growth, Inequality and Policy Evaluation in Thailand

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199533237
eISBN:
9780191594892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533237.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter establishes that moral hazard, limited commitment, transaction costs, and other obstacles to trade are salient features of the Thai financial landscape. Structural choice models and data ... More


Financial Folly and Spain’s Black Legend

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This epilogue argues that Castile was solvent throughout Philip II's reign. A complex web of contractual obligations designed to ensure repayment governed the relationship between the king and his ... More


Deadline and Whereabouts

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter focuses on the time and place of the execution of the recto text of the Muziris papyrus, which is a loan contract signed by a single borrower and a single lender. In the extant column of ... More


The Commenda

Ron Harris

in Going the Distance: Eurasian Trade and the Rise of the Business Corporation, 1400-1700

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691150772
eISBN:
9780691185804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150772.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the characteristics of the commenda, its origins, and its migration. The commenda was much more than a simple profit-sharing contract. It was a complex cluster of contracts ... More


Money and Power on the World’s Last “Silver Frontier”: The Currency Reform and Development Loan, 1910–1924

Austin Dean

in China and the End of Global Silver, 1873-1937

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501752407
eISBN:
9781501752421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501752407.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the negotiations of the Qing dynasty on loan contracts with a banking consortium in the spring of 1911 that included firms from Britain, the United States, France, and Germany. ... More


Selling and Repaying

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter addresses the question of how a borrower actually repaid his debt—not only on the subject of the Muziris papyrus contract, but also, more generally, on the mechanisms of maritime credit ... More


Dramatis Personae

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This concluding chapter identifies the two co-signatories of the loan contract. The manager of the department charged with levying customs duties on Indian commodities (paralemptes) was also the ... More


Do EU Contract and Company Law have Global Reach?

Stefan Grundmann

in Private Law in the External Relations of the EU

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198744566
eISBN:
9780191805868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744566.003.0008
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses global effects of loan contracts, especially in the light of the 2008 financial crisis. The global company, or multinational enterprise, worked within a global dimension well ... More


Legal Avoidance as Peace Instrument: Domination and Pacification through Asymmetric Loan Transactions

Lea Heimbeck

in Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727996
eISBN:
9780191794292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727996.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Legal History

This chapter analyses the asymmetric power relations between creditor states and the debtor state as well as the legal instruments governing them which fostered a paradoxical effect regarding the ... More


South Indian Perspectives

Federico De Romanis

in The Indo-Roman Pepper Trade and the Muziris Papyrus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198842347
eISBN:
9780191878343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842347.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter details pepper production and collection in ancient India. From Antiquity to Early Modernity, South India’s pepper trade was influenced by the geographical and cultural diversity of the ... More


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