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The Political Economy of Minimum Wages

David Neumark and William L. Wascher

in Minimum Wages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262141024
eISBN:
9780262280563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141024.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the factors that influence the decisions of politicians (and others) to support or oppose higher minimum wages, and considers why minimum wages remain so popular even though ... More


All You That Labor: Religion and Ethics in the Living Wage Movement

C. Melissa Snarr

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741122
eISBN:
9780814788592
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741122.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the early 1990s, a grassroots coalition of churches in Baltimore, Maryland helped launch what would become a national movement. Joining forces with labor and low-wage worker organizations, they ... More


The Living Wage Movement: What Is It, Why Is It, and What's Known about Its Impact?

Jared Bernstein

in Emerging Labor Market Institutions for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261577
eISBN:
9780226261812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261812.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Although living wage movements have appeared throughout this century, the contemporary movement is centered on a specific policy: passing a local ordinance to raise the wage floor for a specified ... More


Minimum Wages

David Neumark and William L. Wascher

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262141024
eISBN:
9780262280563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141024.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Minimum wages exist in more than one hundred countries, both industrialized and developing. The United States passed a federal minimum wage law in 1938 and has increased the minimum wage and its ... More


Engaged Scholarship and the Living-Wage Movement

Stephanie Luce

in Civic Labors: Scholar Activism and Working-Class Studies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040498
eISBN:
9780252098932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040498.003.0020
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

In this chapter, the author demonstrates the synergy between scholarship and engagement based on her experience as a researcher with the living wage movement in Los Angeles and the ways in which this ... More


Labor Activism in Local Politics: From CBAs to ‘CBAs’

Katherine Stone and Scott Cummings

in The Idea of Labour Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199693610
eISBN:
9780191729744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693610.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Philosophy of Law

Activism by labor and community coalitions at the local level is redefining labor law in the United States. Despite a drastic decline in union density and power in the United States, labor and ... More


Social security policy and low wages in austere times

Chris Grover

in Social policy review 27: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447322771
eISBN:
9781447322795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447322771.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

In-work poverty has been a problem in the UK for many years. Since wage supplements were condemned in the 19th century, various approaches have been taken to deal with the seemingly intractable ... More


U.S. Poverties and Religious Resources: Movement Context

C. Melissa Snarr

in All You That Labor: Religion and Ethics in the Living Wage Movement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741122
eISBN:
9780814788592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741122.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter studies the emergence of the contemporary living wage movement in the United States. By conscious political choice, U.S. politicians decided to undermine the original intent of the ... More


White Men’s Wages: The Australian/American Campaign for a Legislated Living Wage

Marilyn Lake

in Outside In: The Transnational Circuitry of US History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190459840
eISBN:
9780190459888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190459840.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, American History: 19th Century

This essay suggests that US proposals for a federal minimum wage, which achieved success in the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, emerged in a transnational discourse shaped by the introduction of a ... More


Vital Wages

Dana Simmons

in Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251561
eISBN:
9780226251738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251738.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Wage debates in twentieth-century Europe were dominated by a new regulating principle: the minimum vital, ‘living wage’ or Existenzminimum. This chapter analyzes the political-scientific content of ... More


A Tale of Two Movements: Living Wage

Deva R. Woodly

in The Politics of Common Sense: How Social Movements Use Public Discourse to Change Politics and Win Acceptance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190203986
eISBN:
9780190244125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190203986.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter and the following chapter contain an account of the emergence of two movements: the fight for a living wage and the struggle to win marriage equality. Each movement became the signature ... More


From Marginal to Mainstream

Deva R. Woodly

in The Politics of Common Sense: How Social Movements Use Public Discourse to Change Politics and Win Acceptance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190203986
eISBN:
9780190244125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190203986.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the content and meaning of the mainstream discourses about the living wage and marriage equality as well as how each changed in the decade of its emergence. The book’s ... More


A Long-Term Vision: Scaling up Experiments and Overcoming Orchestration Deficits to Reduce Informality

Shelley Marshall

in Living Wage: Regulatory Solutions to Informal and Precarious Work in Global Supply Chains

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198830351
eISBN:
9780191868610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830351.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter canvasses a long-term vision for improving the lives of poor and precarious workers who work in informal conditions. It proposes a bold, transnational initiative that aims to promote a ... More


Introduction

C. Melissa Snarr

in All You That Labor: Religion and Ethics in the Living Wage Movement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741122
eISBN:
9780814788592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741122.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter presents three major insights that can be obtained in analyzing religious activists in the living wage movement. First, the roles of religious activists and their ethical ... More


Conclusion: “Come, Walk with Us, the Journey Is Long”

C. Melissa Snarr

in All You That Labor: Religion and Ethics in the Living Wage Movement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741122
eISBN:
9780814788592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741122.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This concluding chapter contemplates on the next stages of the living wage movement. The movement is best seen as a gateway to other worker justice struggles such as raising state and federal minimum ... More


The Living Wage and Jewish Law

Aaron Levine

in Economic Morality and Jewish Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199826865
eISBN:
9780190261368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199826865.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter explores the living wage as an anti-poverty measure from the perspective of welfare economics and Jewish law. It discusses the following issues of economic morality: legitimate ... More


Using Procurement Law to Enforce Labour Standards

Catherine Barnard

in The Idea of Labour Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199693610
eISBN:
9780191729744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693610.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on an increasingly important avenue for trying to enforce—and possibly improve upon—labour standards, namely public procurement. It looks primarily at the EU rules on procurement ... More


“Your Daughters Will Prophesy”: Women’s Labor in the Movement

C. Melissa Snarr

in All You That Labor: Religion and Ethics in the Living Wage Movement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741122
eISBN:
9780814788592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741122.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the contributions of feminist organizations to living wage activism and discusses their connections to religious activists. Partially motivated by the feminization of poverty, ... More


The Politics of Common Sense: How Social Movements Use Public Discourse to Change Politics and Win Acceptance

Deva R. Woodly

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190203986
eISBN:
9780190244125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190203986.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The way that movements communicate with the general public matters for their chances of lasting success. This book argues that the potential for movement-led political change is significantly rooted ... More


Introduction

Dana Simmons

in Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251561
eISBN:
9780226251738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251738.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What is a need, a want, a luxury? This chapter establishes ‘need’ as a social, biological, scientific and political category in need of a history. Chemist Antoine Lavoisier articulated a fundamental ... More


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