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The Principles of Life

Tibor Ganti

Eors Szathmary and James Griesemer (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

What is life? What are the essential differences between the living and non-living systems? The exact scientific answers to these ancient questions are indispensable preconditions for the ... More


The unitary theory of life

T. Gánti

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter develops the chemoton theory. Central to this is an account of ‘life criteria’, which serves to articulate the basic philosophy of units of life that encompasses everything philosophers ... More


Parallel Processes and Trauma-Organized Systems

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Organizations are living complex systems and as such are vulnerable to the impact of trauma and adversity. This chapter explores how groups respond to stress and suggests that as a result of acute ... More


Human Service Organizations: Dead or Alive?

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Mental models are the largely unconscious ideas and beliefs that structure what we think about–and what we do not consider. Mental models represent mental short-cuts and limitations. This chapter ... More


The nature of life

T. Gánti

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter is a revised version of the second part (‘Solutions’ of Gánti's book Contra Crick, or The Essence of Life. Responding to Crick's ‘panspermia’ hypothesis of his book Life Itself: Its ... More


Levels of life and death

T. Gánti

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces some of the concepts central to Génti's main argument, and illustrates how the core problem of the nature of the living state applies at many levels of life. Topics discussed ... More


Hertz on the domain of applicability of his mechanics

JESPER LÜTZEN

in Mechanistic Images in Geometric Form: Heinrich Hertz's 'Principles of Mechanics'

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567370
eISBN:
9780191717925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567370.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter analyses Heinrich Hertz's views concerning the range of applicability of his mechanics, in particular his views about living systems. Hertz discussed these matters in the introduction of ... More


What Is a Complex System?

J. Ladyman and K. Wiesner

in What Is a Complex System?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300251104
eISBN:
9780300256130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300251104.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter assesses whether there is a single natural phenomenon of complexity found in a wide variety of living and nonliving systems and which can be the subject of a single scientific theory. Is ... More


Performance-Yield Trade-offs in Work in Manufactured and Living Systems: Design Centering Looks at the World of Work

Michael Lightner

in Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the trade-offs that occur in the design and manufacture of computer chips. It considers the implications of a design optimization method for chip manufacture called design ... More


Examples of Complex Systems

J. Ladyman and K. Wiesner

in What Is a Complex System?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300251104
eISBN:
9780300256130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300251104.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter surveys some of the most common examples of complex systems studied by complexity science. It begins by considering examples from physics and chemistry that show that even nonliving ... More


Reflections: On Exploring Work in Living Systems

Robert Levin, Simon Laughlin, Christina De La Rocha, and Alan Blackwell

in Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides readers with a sense of what kinds of enriched answers to the question of describing work might emerge from the kind of exploration of work that have been started. It looks ... More


Gaia and Complexity

Lee F. Klinger

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter considers complexity, the body of theory on self-organization and self-regulation, and Gaia, the view of the Earth as a living system, in a study of the Earth and its ecosystems for ... More


The Ancient Patterns of Work in Living Systems

Robert Levin

in Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter investigates the most fundamental work process in living systems by which cells perform work, whether in microbes or in humans, and illustrates how the characteristics of these processes ... More


To Be or Entropy: Thermodynamics, Information, and Life Revisited

Peter A. Corning

in Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the confusion regarding the use of key concepts from thermodynamics and information theory in various disciplines, particularly in relation to theories of biological ... More


Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Robert Levin, Simon Laughlin, Christina De La Rocha, and Alan Blackwell (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The work performed by living systems ranges from photosynthesis to prodigious feats of computation and organization. This book explores the relationships between work and the study of work across ... More


Introduction: A Fresh Perspective on Work

Robert Levin, Simon Laughlin, Christina De La Rocha, and Alan Blackwell

in Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book investigates the possibility of an integrative study of work in living systems. It shows some aspect of how work gets done in living systems. Perspectives on some fundamentals of work in ... More


Energy, Information, and the Work of the Brain

Simon B. Laughlin

in Work Meets Life: Exploring the Integrative Study of Work in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014120
eISBN:
9780262265843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014120.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the link between energy and information in living systems. It analyzes the costs of moving information through biological systems and the energetic and evolutionary ... More


Introduction

George Terzis and Robert Arp

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book aims to respond to a perceived neglect of the many contributions that information-related ideas play in shaping our understanding of the nature of biological organization, as well as the ... More


Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

George Terzis and Robert Arp (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Information shapes biological organization in fundamental ways and at every organizational level. Because organisms use information—including DNA codes, gene expression, and chemical signaling—to ... More


Viral Individuality and Limitations of the Life Concept

David C. Krakauer and Paolo Zanotto

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the formulation and potential of Tibor Gánti’s chemoton theory as a platform for theoretical and empirical modeling and simulation of artificial living systems. It discusses Gá ... More


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