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Raise the Floor

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

One of the principal goals of antipoverty efforts should be to improve the absolute living standards of the least well-off. This book aims to enhance our understanding of how to do that.


Progress for the Poor

Lane Kenworthy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

One of the principal goals of antipoverty efforts should be to improve the absolute living standards of the least well-off. This book aims to enhance our understanding of how to do that, drawing on ... More


The Making of an Industrial Society: Whickham 1560-1765

David Levine and Keith Wrightson

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198200666
eISBN:
9780191674761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200666.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This is the first intensive study of an industrial community in early modern England. Whickham, a village built on an underground mountain of coal in north-east England, was arguably Britain's first ... More


Living standards

Nicholas Crafts

in Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199212668
eISBN:
9780191712807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter seeks to answer the question: how much did average British living standards increase during the 20th century? The goal is not to explain the trends but to explore the difficulties of ... More


Introduction

Robert C. Allen, Tommy Bengtsson, and Martin Dribe

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

In the introduction, different contributions are brought together in an analysis of pre-industrial living standards in East and West, viewed in the light of the general debate on these issues from ... More


New Evidence on the Standard of Living in Sweden During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries: Long-Term Development of the Demographic Response to Short-Term Economic Stress

Tommy Bengtsson and Martin Dribe

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Presents a new view of the standard of living development in Sweden during the agricultural revolution, using evidence on the ability to overcome short-term economic stress. The results corroborate ... More


Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Robert C. Allen, Tommy Bengtsson, and Martin Dribe (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The main concern of this book is to determine when the gap in living standards between the East and the West emerged. Why did Europe experience industrialization and modern economic growth before ... More


Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Nicholas Crafts, Ian Gazeley, and Andrew Newell (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199212668
eISBN:
9780191712807
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book charts the immense transformation of work and pay across the 20th century and provides a labour-focused history of Britain. It has been written by British historians and economists. Each ... More


Country Comparisons

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter compares the living standards between countries. Per capita comparisons and the estimation of international poverty thresholds are discussed in light of purchasing power parity and ... More


The New Intersection on the Road to Retirement: Public Pensions, Economics, Perceptions, Politics, and Interest Groups

Beth Almeida, Kelly Kenneally, and David Madland

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

State and local pensions have been a cost-effective way to ensure that those retiring from public service will have adequate retirement income after a lifetime of work. Despite their strengths, ... More


Living Standards in Liaoning, 1749–1909: Evidence from Demographic Outcomes

James Z. Lee and Cameron D. Campbell

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

To assess trends in the standard of living in Liaoning province in north-east China during the nineteenth century, the secular change in demographic rates and their sensitivity to economic conditions ... More


Standards of Living in Eighteenth-Century China: Regional Differences, Temporal Trends, and Incomplete Evidence

Kenneth Pomeranz

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Attempts to reconstruct basic aspects of the standard of living in late eighteenth century China, focusing primarily on the Yangzi Delta (China’s richest region) but also briefly considering other ... More


Farm Labour Productivity in Jiangnan, 1620–1850

Bozhong Li

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Contrary to the conventional view, labour productivity on farms in Jiangnan, the Yangzi Delta in East China, did not deteriorate or stagnate but instead improved between 1620 and 1850. Changes in the ... More


Real Wages in Europe and Asia: A First Look at the Long-Term Patterns

Robert C. Allen

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, wage rates in Japan, India, and China were lower than their counterparts in Europe when the wages are compared at the exchange rates implied by the silver ... More


Height and the High Life: What Future for a Tall Story?

Timothy Leunig and Hans-Joachim Voth

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses height as a reliable indicator of health status and standard of living. It also suggests that mapping from height to other measures of well-being has attracted the attention of ... More


What Happened to the Standard of Living Before the Industrial Revolution? New Evidence from the Western Part of the Netherlands

Jan Luiten van Zanden

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Presents improved estimates of the cost of living and the real wages of labourers in the western part of the Netherlands. The results show that even in this relatively dynamic economy there was a ... More


Economic Growth, Human Capital Formation and Consumption in Western Europe Before 1800

Jaime Reis

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Argues that during the early modern period in Europe living standards gradually rose not only because probate inventories reveal that people were acquiring more and better quality durable goods. They ... More


The Human Body in Britain: Past and Future

Roderick Floud

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explores evidence on the changing shape of the British human body, in particular its height and weight, in order to shed light on the past and possibly future standard of living of the ... More


The Standard of Living in Denmark in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries

Hans Chr. Johansen

in Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280681
eISBN:
9780191602467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280681.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Traditional measures of real wages cover only the standard of living of a small fraction of the Danish population in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries and due to constant wages over long ... More


The Winding Road to the Welfare State

George R. Boyer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

How did Britain transform itself from a nation of workhouses to one that became a model for the modern welfare state? This book investigates the evolution of living standards and welfare policies in ... More


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