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THE ORGANIC WORLD

C.N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses living matter. Topics covered include the creation of order by living things, the place of chemistry in the study of cell phenomena, bacteria, the law of growth, linked enzyme ... More


Non-Spiritual Physiology I:: “Physic” Rather than “Psychic” Functions

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter outlines the views about physical or natural responses from ancient Greek philosophers until the revolutionary medical theories that were introduced by Giorgio Baglivi and Francis ... More


Four

Juan Manuel Garrido

in On Time, Being, and Hunger: Challenging the Traditional Way of Thinking Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239351
eISBN:
9780823239399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239351.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins the characterization of the traditional concept of life in Western thought. Both the ancient view (Aristotle) and the modern philosophical conceptualizations of the idea of life ... More


The Earth Ethic: A Critical Account of Its Scientific Metaphysical Foundations

J. Baird Callicott

in Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199324880
eISBN:
9780199347285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324880.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

P. D. Ouspensky’s metaphysics is undisciplined. V. I. Vernadsky’s concepts of the biosphere and noösphere, his science of biogeochemistry, and his metaphysics of living matter and its local ... More


the Gift of Life: Blood, Organs, and Viruses

in Law in Crisis: The Ecstatic Subject of Natural Disaster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762564
eISBN:
9780804772426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762564.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter is about giving blood, about donating organs, and about spreading disease during and after earthquakes. More particularly, it is about the legal and political narrative of this ... More


Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Steen Rasmussen, Mark A. Bedau, Liaohai Chen, David Deamer, David C. Krakauer, Norman H. Packard, and Peter F. Stadler (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This book offers a comprehensive resource on current attempts to create simple forms of life from scratch in the laboratory. These minimal versions of cells, known as protocells, are entities with ... More


What is life?—70 years after Schrödinger

Antti J. Niemi

in Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 103, August 2014

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198785781
eISBN:
9780191827600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785781.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In February 1943, Erwin Schröodinger presented a series of lectures at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies with the title What is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell. The lectures at ... More


Toward living nanomachines

Christof Mast, Friederike Möller, Moritz Kreysing, Severin Schink, Benedikt Obermayer, Ulrich Gerland, and Dieter Braun

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

How does inanimate matter become transformed into animate matter? Living systems evolve by replication and selection at the molecular level and this chapter considers how to establish a synthetic, ... More


Advance care planning in an Asian country

Irwin Clement, Alphonsus Wai, and Hoong Chung

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198802136
eISBN:
9780191840548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802136.003.0023
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Advance care planning (ACP) was introduced to Singapore in the late 2000s in the form of local projects that encouraged conversations on end-of-life concerns, beginning first with residents in ... More


Biological matter as a material

Adrian P Sutton

in Concepts of Materials Science

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192846839
eISBN:
9780191938764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192846839.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Although it is usually obvious whether matter is animate or inanimate, it is far from easy to define life. Here we adopt as a definition the three principles identified by Paul Nurse in his recent ... More


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