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Navigating Environmental Attitudes

Thomas A. Heberlein

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199773329
eISBN:
9780199979639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773329.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

The environment, and how humans affect it, is more of a concern now than ever. We are constantly told that halting climate change requires raising awareness, changing attitudes, and finally altering ... More


Ecophysiological and biogeochemical responses to atmospheric change

Jeffrey Q. Chambers and Whendee L. Silver

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are several atmospheric changes that may affect physiological and biogeochemical processes in old-growth tropical forests. Elevated CO2 is likely to directly influence numerous leaf-level ... More


Increasing the Flow: Activating and Creating Norms

Thomas A. Heberlein

in Navigating Environmental Attitudes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199773329
eISBN:
9780199979639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773329.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter shows how we can use structural fixes to create new norms and avoid the rocklike attitudes by sending more water over the rapids. We can reduce litter by getting rid of the barrels, and ... More


Transcending Borders: No More Deaths and a Higher Moral Law

Ananda Rose

in Showdown in the Sonoran Desert: Religion, Law, and the Immigration Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890934
eISBN:
9780199949793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890934.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the high-profile clashes between federal law enforcement officials and members of another of Arizona's border ministries, No More Deaths. The group's approach is more ... More


12

Philip Gerard

in Down the Wild Cape Fear: A River Journey through the Heart of North Carolina

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469602073
eISBN:
9781469608136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469602073.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter discusses a new twist to an old pollution source. According to Kemp, “Poultry CAFOs are making a push into North Carolina because they've been basically regulated out of other states.” ... More


The Daily Dacha Soap Opera

Melissa L. Caldwell

in Dacha Idylls: Living Organically in Russia's Countryside

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262843
eISBN:
9780520947870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262843.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the recent developments in the dacha lifestyle and provides thoughts on the impact of these changes, not just for Russia's ongoing social transformation, but also for an ... More


Joyce's Debris

David Spurr

in Bloomsday 100: Essays on Ulysses

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034027
eISBN:
9780813038162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034027.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter considers the place of James Joyce's Ulysses in the history of the novel and reflects on the degree to which objects gradually come to proliferate and assume a dominant role in ... More


Means to an End

Leonard A. Jason

in Principles of Social Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841851
eISBN:
9780199315901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841851.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Our last principle of social change, covered in Chapter 5, involves measuring success in terms of what has been accomplished and what is still to be achieved. Multiple methods are needed to analyze ... More


Morphometrics, demographics, and genetic viability

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Morphometric data showed that southern Kalahari male cheetahs are larger than females and coalition males are larger than single males. Both tend to be smaller than cheetahs from other regions. The ... More


Variation in Ursid Life HistoriesIs: Is There an Outlier?

Garshelis David L.

in Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238671
eISBN:
9780520930162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238671.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter reports that the giant panda is most divergent taxonomically and has some distinctive life-history traits, such as a specialized but nonnutritive diet, exceedingly small cubs at birth, ... More


The Crying Indian

Finis Dunaway

in Seeing Green: The Use and Abuse of American Environmental Images

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226169903
eISBN:
9780226169934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169934.003.0005
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In 1971, the antilitter organization Keep America Beautiful, along with the Advertising Council, launched a campaign featuring the Crying Indian. Played by Iron Eyes, an actor in native garb, the ... More


Wetland Functions

Arnold G. van der Valk

in The Biology of Freshwater Wetlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608942
eISBN:
9780191774805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608942.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Wetlands play important functions in ecosystems, mainly through the capture and transfer of energy involving plants, animals, and microorganisms. Wetland functions range from primary production to ... More


Degradation of organic material

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the aerobic oxidation of organic material by microbes. Microbes account for about 50 per cent of primary production in the biosphere, but they probably account for more than ... More


Reproductive Rates in Fluctuating Populations

Charles J. Krebs

in Population Fluctuations in Rodents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226010359
eISBN:
9780226010496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226010496.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Rodents are well known for their high rates of reproduction. A vole population with an adult weight of 30 grams would increase fivefold over a year while an 80-gram lemming would increase about three ... More


Effects of Intrauterine Position in Litter-Bearing Mammals

John G. Vandenbergh

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines the influence of intrauterine position on the behavior of litter-bearing mammals. It reviews evidence that hormones from the mother, from exogenous hormone mimics, and from ... More


Measuring and Modelling

Peter J. Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716549
eISBN:
9780191802676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

To understand an ecosystem fully, it is necessary to quantify flows of energy and matter. This requires measurement of standing crop biomass and growth of mangrove trees, primary production, and the ... More


Space, the final resource

S. Kim Juniper, Kate Thornborough, Paul Tyler, and Ylenia Randrianarisoa

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The greater than 109 km3 volume of the deep-sea water column and greater than 300 × 106 km2 area of the deep-sea floor represent a major natural capital asset. Global society has been utilising space ... More


Habitat construction and functional feedbacks: How organisms modify their external conditions

Sonia E. Sultan

in Organism and Environment: Ecological Development, Niche Construction, and Adaptation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199587070
eISBN:
9780191814013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587070.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Developmental Biology

The presence and activities of organisms inevitably modify their external environments. These habitat construction effects in turn influence the organisms’ function and evolution in the modified ... More


Plant traits and ecosystem properties

Eric Garnier, Marie-Laure Navas, and Karl Grigulis

in Plant Functional Diversity: Organism traits, community structure, and ecosystem properties

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757368
eISBN:
9780191817281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757368.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the controls that plants exert on ecosystem properties (EP), which refer to both the pools (quantities) and fluxes (flows) of materials and energy in ecological systems. Two ... More


Degradation of organic matter

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The aerobic oxidation of organic material by microbes is the focus of this chapter. Microbes account for about 50% of primary production in the biosphere, but they probably account for more than 50% ... More


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