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Neuropsychiatry: The Breakthrough in Psychopharmacology

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter traces the development of neuropsychiatry. Before 1950 the means to ameliorate psychiatric disorders were limited to psychoanalysis, on the one hand, and extreme treatments such as ... More


Structural Chemistry of Alkali and Alkaline-Earth Metals

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers the structural chemistry of Groups 1 and 2 elements, except hydrogen. For Group 1 metals, special attention is paid to the oxides, lithium nitride, inorganic alkali metal ... More


Molecular orbital calculations on heteronuclear diatomic molecules, hybridization, and estimation of net atomic charges from calculated electron densities

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter demonstrates how the molecular orbital model may be applied to a heteronuclear diatomic molecule using the lithium hydride molecule (LiH). Simple, so-called Hückel calculations may be ... More


Electron deficient molecules: three-center, two-electron bonds

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Molecules containing less than two valence electrons per bond are referred to as electron deficient. The simplest such molecule is the trigonal trihydrogen cation (H3 +). The ... More


Drugs used in depression and mania

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes the main drugs used in affective disorders. Many drugs produce euphoria in normal subjects and some of these, at least temporarily, lighten mood in depressed patients. However, ... More


Medications

Sue E. Estroff

in Making It Crazy: An Ethnography of Psychiatric Clients in an American Community

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520054516
eISBN:
9780520907751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520054516.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides a brief orientation to the medications most often prescribed to the clients, and an overview of the benefits and drawbacks of their use from a research and clinical psychiatric ... More


Bipolar disorder

Leslie Hulvershorn and John Nurnberger, Jr.

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Bipolar disorder is a widespread and highly impairing psychiatric disorder with distinct presentations across the life span. This chapter reviews the extensive literature on risk for the development ... More


Petroleum, Lithium, and the Foundations of Chinese State Power

Judd C. Kinzley (ed.)

in Natural Resources and the New Frontier: Constructing Modern China's Borderlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226492155
eISBN:
9780226492322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226492322.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

The lofty production targets of the People's Republic of China's First Five Year Plan (1953-1957) created a desperate need for raw materials like petroleum, and various minerals like beryllium, ... More


The Generation Game: Electrochemistry

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

You already know, if you have read Reaction 6, that an electric current is a stream of electrons. If you have also read the section on redox reactions (Reaction 5), which you should, in preparation ... More


Mood Stabilizers

Susan W. Lehmann

in Psychiatric Aspects of Neurologic Diseases: Practical approaches to patient care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195309430
eISBN:
9780197562451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195309430.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

The term ‘‘mood stabilizers’’ refers to a heterogeneous group of medications that are effective in the treatment of bipolar disorder, an illness characterized by recurrent episodes of mania and ... More


Sorption Processes in the Environment: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy as a New Analytical Method

Mark A. Nanny

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The transport and fate of chemicals in the environment comprise one of the most pertinent issues in environmental chemistry. Physical and chemical interactions between the chemical of interest ... More


Medicines Management: Systems and Procedures

Graham Brack, Penny Franklin, and Jill Caldwell

in Medicines management for nursing practice: Pharmacology, patient safety, and procedures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697878
eISBN:
9780191918490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697878.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

By the end of this chapter you should be able to:… ● Understand the responsibilities and accountability of the student and trained nurse with regards to medicines management ● Understand the ... More


Energy Supplies for the 21st Century

David Segal

in Materials for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198804079
eISBN:
9780191842320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804079.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Chapter 7 describes energy sources in particular clean energy based on renewable sources. The importance of renewable energy in limiting global warming is discussed. Solar cells, hydroelectric power, ... More


Fusion energy

Chris Llewellyn Smith and David Ward

in Energy... beyond oil

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209965
eISBN:
9780191917363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209965.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

Fusion powers the Sun and stars, and is potentially an environmentally responsible and intrinsically safe source of essentially limitless energy on earth. Experiments at the Joint European Torus ... More


New Machines

Roger H. Stuewer

in The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton designed and built their eponymous linear accelerator at the Cavendish with crucial help from scientists and engineers at the Metropolitan-Vickers company in ... More


Parathyroid Gland and Bone Disease

Atul Kalhan (ed.)

in Best of Five MCQs for the Endocrinology and Diabetes SCE

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198729334
eISBN:
9780191916830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198729334.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Endocrinology and Diabetes

Questions The four parathyroid glands play a key role in calcium homeostasis by secreting parathyroid hormone (PTH). Which one of the following statement regarding parathyroid gland/PTH physiology ... More


Rheumatology

Ricky Sinharay

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Clinical Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198812968
eISBN:
9780191917226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812968.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

This specialty has been described by the British Society of Rheumatology as the ‘branch of medicine that deals with the investigation, diagnosis, and management of patients with arthritis and other ... More


Drugs

Edward Shorter

in How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199948086
eISBN:
9780197563304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199948086.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

History has always known antidepressant remedies. In an era of faith, the faithful held to the Word as an augury of recovery: “cast down, but not destroyed.” But in a secular era and certainly by ... More


Diagnosis of Psychiatric Disorders

Sharon M. Batista, Harold W. Goforth, and Mary Ann Cohen

in Handbook of AIDS Psychiatry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372571
eISBN:
9780197562666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372571.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

As we enter the third decade of the AIDS pandemic, persons with AIDS are living longer and healthier lives as a result of appropriate medical care and advances in antiretroviral therapy. In the ... More


Hard Science = Hard Evidence: Forensic Chemistry and Chemical Detectives

Mark A. Griep and Marjorie L. Mikasen

in ReAction!: Chemistry in the Movies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195326925
eISBN:
9780197562536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195326925.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

Someone killed the mayor of Chatsberg using a makeshift pipe bomb in Kid Glove Killer (1942). It was connected with a wire to the electrical system of the mayor’s automobile and exploded when he ... More


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